Articles on strategy testing in MQL5

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How to develop, write and test a trading strategy, how to find the optimal system parameters and how to analyze the results? The MetaTrader platform offers developers of trading robots rich functionality for fast and accurate testing of trading ideas. Read these articles to learn how to test multi-currency robots and how to use MQL5 Cloud Network for optimization purposes.

Developers of automated trading systems are recommended to start with the testing fundamentals and tick generation algorithms in the strategy tester.

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Population optimization algorithms: Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO)

Population optimization algorithms: Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO)

Let's consider one of the newest modern optimization algorithms - Grey Wolf Optimization. The original behavior on test functions makes this algorithm one of the most interesting among the ones considered earlier. This is one of the top algorithms for use in training neural networks, smooth functions with many variables.
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MQL5 Wizard techniques you should know (Part 05): Markov Chains

MQL5 Wizard techniques you should know (Part 05): Markov Chains

Markov chains are a powerful mathematical tool that can be used to model and forecast time series data in various fields, including finance. In financial time series modelling and forecasting, Markov chains are often used to model the evolution of financial assets over time, such as stock prices or exchange rates. One of the main advantages of Markov chain models is their simplicity and ease of use.
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Magic of time trading intervals with Frames Analyzer tool

Magic of time trading intervals with Frames Analyzer tool

What is Frames Analyzer? This is a plug-in module for any Expert Advisor for analyzing optimization frames during parameter optimization in the strategy tester, as well as outside the tester, by reading an MQD file or a database that is created immediately after parameter optimization. You will be able to share these optimization results with other users who have the Frames Analyzer tool to discuss the results together.
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Population optimization algorithms: Particle swarm (PSO)

Population optimization algorithms: Particle swarm (PSO)

In this article, I will consider the popular Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm. Previously, we discussed such important characteristics of optimization algorithms as convergence, convergence rate, stability, scalability, as well as developed a test stand and considered the simplest RNG algorithm.
Market math: profit, loss and costs
Market math: profit, loss and costs

Market math: profit, loss and costs

In this article, I will show you how to calculate the total profit or loss of any trade, including commission and swap. I will provide the most accurate mathematical model and use it to write the code and compare it with the standard. Besides, I will also try to get on the inside of the main MQL5 function to calculate profit and get to the bottom of all the necessary values from the specification.
Population optimization algorithms
Population optimization algorithms

Population optimization algorithms

This is an introductory article on optimization algorithm (OA) classification. The article attempts to create a test stand (a set of functions), which is to be used for comparing OAs and, perhaps, identifying the most universal algorithm out of all widely known ones.
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MQL5 Wizard techniques you should know (Part 03): Shannon's Entropy

MQL5 Wizard techniques you should know (Part 03): Shannon's Entropy

Todays trader is a philomath who is almost always looking up new ideas, trying them out, choosing to modify them or discard them; an exploratory process that should cost a fair amount of diligence. These series of articles will proposition that the MQL5 wizard should be a mainstay for traders.
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MQL5 Wizard techniques you should know (Part 01): Regression Analysis

MQL5 Wizard techniques you should know (Part 01): Regression Analysis

Todays trader is a philomath who is almost always (either consciously or not...) looking up new ideas, trying them out, choosing to modify them or discard them; an exploratory process that should cost a fair amount of diligence. This clearly places a premium on the trader's time and the need to avoid mistakes. These series of articles will proposition that the MQL5 wizard should be a mainstay for traders. Why? Because not only does the trader save time by assembling his new ideas with the MQL5 wizard, and greatly reduce mistakes from duplicate coding; he is ultimately set-up to channel his energy on the few critical areas of his trading philosophy.
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The correct way to choose an Expert Advisor from the Market

The correct way to choose an Expert Advisor from the Market

In this article, we will consider some of the essential points you should pay attention to when purchasing an Expert Advisor. We will also look for ways to increase profit, to spend money wisely, and to earn from this spending. Also, after reading the article, you will see that it is possible to earn even using simple and free products.
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Visual evaluation of optimization results

Visual evaluation of optimization results

In this article, we will consider how to build graphs of all optimization passes and to select the optimal custom criterion. We will also see how to create a desired solution with little MQL5 knowledge, using the articles published on the website and forum comments.
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Dealing with Time (Part 2): The Functions

Dealing with Time (Part 2): The Functions

Determing the broker offset and GMT automatically. Instead of asking the support of your broker, from whom you will probably receive an insufficient answer (who would be willing to explain a missing hour), we simply look ourselves how they time their prices in the weeks of the time changes — but not cumbersome by hand, we let a program do it — why do we have a PC after all.
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Dealing with Time (Part 1): The Basics

Dealing with Time (Part 1): The Basics

Functions and code snippets that simplify and clarify the handling of time, broker offset, and the changes to summer or winter time. Accurate timing may be a crucial element in trading. At the current hour, is the stock exchange in London or New York already open or not yet open, when does the trading time for Forex trading start and end? For a trader who trades manually and live, this is not a big problem.
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Combinatorics and probability theory for trading (Part I): The basics

Combinatorics and probability theory for trading (Part I): The basics

In this series of article, we will try to find a practical application of probability theory to describe trading and pricing processes. In the first article, we will look into the basics of combinatorics and probability, and will analyze the first example of how to apply fractals in the framework of the probability theory.
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Useful and exotic techniques for automated trading

Useful and exotic techniques for automated trading

In this article I will demonstrate some very interesting and useful techniques for automated trading. Some of them may be familiar to you. I will try to cover the most interesting methods and will explain why they are worth using. Furthermore, I will show what these techniques are apt to in practice. We will create Expert Advisors and test all the described techniques using historic quotes.
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Brute force approach to pattern search (Part III): New horizons

Brute force approach to pattern search (Part III): New horizons

This article provides a continuation to the brute force topic, and it introduces new opportunities for market analysis into the program algorithm, thereby accelerating the speed of analysis and improving the quality of results. New additions enable the highest-quality view of global patterns within this approach.
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Brute force approach to pattern search (Part II): Immersion

Brute force approach to pattern search (Part II): Immersion

In this article we will continue discussing the brute force approach. I will try to provide a better explanation of the pattern using the new improved version of my application. I will also try to find the difference in stability using different time intervals and timeframes.
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Brute force approach to pattern search

Brute force approach to pattern search

In this article, we will search for market patterns, create Expert Advisors based on the identified patterns, and check how long these patterns remain valid, if they ever retain their validity.
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Parallel Particle Swarm Optimization

Parallel Particle Swarm Optimization

The article describes a method of fast optimization using the particle swarm algorithm. It also presents the method implementation in MQL, which is ready for use both in single-threaded mode inside an Expert Advisor and in a parallel multi-threaded mode as an add-on that runs on local tester agents.
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Custom symbols: Practical basics

Custom symbols: Practical basics

The article is devoted to the programmatic generation of custom symbols which are used to demonstrate some popular methods for displaying quotes. It describes a suggested variant of minimally invasive adaptation of Expert Advisors for trading a real symbol from a derived custom symbol chart. MQL source codes are attached to this article.
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Practical application of neural networks in trading. It's time to practice

Practical application of neural networks in trading. It's time to practice

The article provides a description and instructions for the practical use of neural network modules on the Matlab platform. It also covers the main aspects of creation of a trading system using the neural network module. In order to be able to introduce the complex within one article, I had to modify it so as to combine several neural network module functions in one program.
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Continuous Walk-Forward Optimization (Part 6): Auto optimizer's logical part and structure

Continuous Walk-Forward Optimization (Part 6): Auto optimizer's logical part and structure

We have previously considered the creation of automatic walk-forward optimization. This time, we will proceed to the internal structure of the auto optimizer tool. The article will be useful for all those who wish to further work with the created project and to modify it, as well as for those who wish to understand the program logic. The current article contains UML diagrams which present the internal structure of the project and the relationships between objects. It also describes the process of optimization start, but it does not contain the description of the optimizer implementation process.
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Continuous Walk-Forward Optimization (Part 5): Auto Optimizer project overview and creation of a GUI

Continuous Walk-Forward Optimization (Part 5): Auto Optimizer project overview and creation of a GUI

This article provides further description of the walk-forward optimization in the MetaTrader 5 terminal. In previous articles, we considered methods for generating and filtering the optimization report and started analyzing the internal structure of the application responsible for the optimization process. The Auto Optimizer is implemented as a C# application and it has its own graphical interface. The fifth article is devoted to the creation of this graphical interface.
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Continuous Walk-Forward Optimization (Part 3): Adapting a Robot to Auto Optimizer

Continuous Walk-Forward Optimization (Part 3): Adapting a Robot to Auto Optimizer

The third part serves as a bridge between the previous two parts: it describes the mechanism of interaction with the DLL considered in the first article and the objects for report downloading, which were described in the second article. We will analyze the process of wrapper creation for a class which is imported from DLL and which forms an XML file with the trading history. We will also consider a method for interacting with this wrapper.
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SQLite: Native handling of SQL databases in MQL5

SQLite: Native handling of SQL databases in MQL5

The development of trading strategies is associated with handling large amounts of data. Now, you are able to work with databases using SQL queries based on SQLite directly in MQL5. An important feature of this engine is that the entire database is placed in a single file located on a user's PC.
Exploring Seasonal Patterns of Financial Time Series with Boxplot
Exploring Seasonal Patterns of Financial Time Series with Boxplot

Exploring Seasonal Patterns of Financial Time Series with Boxplot

In this article we will view seasonal characteristics of financial time series using Boxplot diagrams. Each separate boxplot (or box-and-whiskey diagram) provides a good visualization of how values are distributed along the dataset. Boxplots should not be confused with the candlestick charts, although they can be visually similar.
MQL5 Cookbook: Trading strategy stress testing using custom symbols
MQL5 Cookbook: Trading strategy stress testing using custom symbols

MQL5 Cookbook: Trading strategy stress testing using custom symbols

The article considers an approach to stress testing of a trading strategy using custom symbols. A custom symbol class is created for this purpose. This class is used to receive tick data from third-party sources, as well as to change symbol properties. Based on the results of the work done, we will consider several options for changing trading conditions, under which a trading strategy is being tested.
Merrill patterns
Merrill patterns

Merrill patterns

In this article, we will have a look at Merrill patterns' model and try to evaluate their current relevance. To do this, we will develop a tool to test the patterns and apply the model to various data types such as Close, High and Low prices, as well as oscillators.
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