MQL5 Programming Articles

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Study the MQL5 language for programming trading strategies in numerous published articles mostly written by you - the community members. The articles are grouped into categories to help you quicker find answers to any questions related to programming: Integration, Tester, Trading Strategies, etc.

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Category Theory in MQL5 (Part 4): Spans, Experiments, and Compositions

Category Theory in MQL5 (Part 4): Spans, Experiments, and Compositions

Category Theory is a diverse and expanding branch of Mathematics which as of yet is relatively uncovered in the MQL5 community. These series of articles look to introduce and examine some of its concepts with the overall goal of establishing an open library that provides insight while hopefully furthering the use of this remarkable field in Traders' strategy development.
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Data Science and Machine Learning(Part 14): Finding Your Way in the Markets with Kohonen Maps

Data Science and Machine Learning(Part 14): Finding Your Way in the Markets with Kohonen Maps

Are you looking for a cutting-edge approach to trading that can help you navigate complex and ever-changing markets? Look no further than Kohonen maps, an innovative form of artificial neural networks that can help you uncover hidden patterns and trends in market data. In this article, we'll explore how Kohonen maps work, and how they can be used to develop smarter, more effective trading strategies. Whether you're a seasoned trader or just starting out, you won't want to miss this exciting new approach to trading.
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Neural networks made easy (Part 34): Fully Parameterized Quantile Function

Neural networks made easy (Part 34): Fully Parameterized Quantile Function

We continue studying distributed Q-learning algorithms. In previous articles, we have considered distributed and quantile Q-learning algorithms. In the first algorithm, we trained the probabilities of given ranges of values. In the second algorithm, we trained ranges with a given probability. In both of them, we used a priori knowledge of one distribution and trained another one. In this article, we will consider an algorithm which allows the model to train for both distributions.
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Learn how to design a trading system by Fibonacci

Learn how to design a trading system by Fibonacci

In this article, we will continue our series of creating a trading system based on the most popular technical indicator. Here is a new technical tool which is the Fibonacci and we will learn how to design a trading system based on this technical indicator.
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Data Science and Machine Learning (Part 13): Improve your financial market analysis with Principal Component Analysis (PCA)

Data Science and Machine Learning (Part 13): Improve your financial market analysis with Principal Component Analysis (PCA)

Revolutionize your financial market analysis with Principal Component Analysis (PCA)! Discover how this powerful technique can unlock hidden patterns in your data, uncover latent market trends, and optimize your investment strategies. In this article, we explore how PCA can provide a new lens for analyzing complex financial data, revealing insights that would be missed by traditional approaches. Find out how applying PCA to financial market data can give you a competitive edge and help you stay ahead of the curve
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Creating an EA that works automatically (Part 07): Account types (II)

Creating an EA that works automatically (Part 07): Account types (II)

Today we'll see how to create an Expert Advisor that simply and safely works in automatic mode. The trader should always be aware of what the automatic EA is doing, so that if it "goes off the rails", the trader could remove it from the chart as soon as possible and take control of the situation.
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MQL5 Cookbook — Macroeconomic events database

MQL5 Cookbook — Macroeconomic events database

The article discusses the possibilities of handling databases based on the SQLite engine. The CDatabase class has been formed for convenience and efficient use of OOP principles. It is subsequently involved in the creation and management of the database of macroeconomic events. The article provides the examples of using multiple methods of the CDatabase class.
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Data Science and Machine Learning (Part 12): Can Self-Training Neural Networks Help You Outsmart the Stock Market?

Data Science and Machine Learning (Part 12): Can Self-Training Neural Networks Help You Outsmart the Stock Market?

Are you tired of constantly trying to predict the stock market? Do you wish you had a crystal ball to help you make more informed investment decisions? Self-trained neural networks might be the solution you've been looking for. In this article, we explore whether these powerful algorithms can help you "ride the wave" and outsmart the stock market. By analyzing vast amounts of data and identifying patterns, self-trained neural networks can make predictions that are often more accurate than human traders. Discover how you can use this cutting-edge technology to maximize your profits and make smarter investment decisions.
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Data Science and Machine Learning (Part 11): Naïve Bayes, Probability theory in Trading

Data Science and Machine Learning (Part 11): Naïve Bayes, Probability theory in Trading

Trading with probability is like walking on a tightrope - it requires precision, balance, and a keen understanding of risk. In the world of trading, the probability is everything. It's the difference between success and failure, profit and loss. By leveraging the power of probability, traders can make informed decisions, manage risk effectively, and achieve their financial goals. So, whether you're a seasoned investor or a novice trader, understanding probability is the key to unlocking your trading potential. In this article, we'll explore the exciting world of trading with probability and show you how to take your trading game to the next level.
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Category Theory in MQL5 (Part 3)

Category Theory in MQL5 (Part 3)

Category Theory is a diverse and expanding branch of Mathematics which as of yet is relatively uncovered in the MQL5 community. These series of articles look to introduce and examine some of its concepts with the overall goal of establishing an open library that provides insight while hopefully furthering the use of this remarkable field in Traders' strategy development.
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Revisiting Murray system

Revisiting Murray system

Graphical price analysis systems are deservedly popular among traders. In this article, I am going to describe the complete Murray system, including its famous levels, as well as some other useful techniques for assessing the current price position and making a trading decision.
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Understand and efficiently use OpenCL API by recreating built-in support as DLL on Linux (Part 1): Motivation and validation

Understand and efficiently use OpenCL API by recreating built-in support as DLL on Linux (Part 1): Motivation and validation

Bulit-in OpenCL support in MetaTrader 5 still has a major problem especially the one about device selection error 5114 resulting from unable to create an OpenCL context using CL_USE_GPU_ONLY, or CL_USE_GPU_DOUBLE_ONLY although it properly detects GPU. It works fine with directly using of ordinal number of GPU device we found in Journal tab, but that's still considered a bug, and users should not hard-code a device. We will solve it by recreating an OpenCL support as DLL with C++ on Linux. Along the journey, we will get to know OpenCL from concept to best practices in its API usage just enough for us to put into great use later when we deal with DLL implementation in C++ and consume it with MQL5.
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Experiments with neural networks (Part 3): Practical application

Experiments with neural networks (Part 3): Practical application

In this article series, I use experimentation and non-standard approaches to develop a profitable trading system and check whether neural networks can be of any help for traders. MetaTrader 5 is approached as a self-sufficient tool for using neural networks in trading.
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Creating an EA that works automatically (Part 03): New functions

Creating an EA that works automatically (Part 03): New functions

Today we'll see how to create an Expert Advisor that simply and safely works in automatic mode. In the previous article, we started to develop an order system that we will use in our automated EA. However, we have created only one of the necessary functions.
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How to choose an Expert Advisor: Twenty strong criteria to reject a trading bot

How to choose an Expert Advisor: Twenty strong criteria to reject a trading bot

This article tries to answer the question: how can we choose the right expert advisors? Which are the best for our portfolio, and how can we filter the large trading bots list available on the market? This article will present twenty clear and strong criteria to reject an expert advisor. Each criterion will be presented and well explained to help you make a more sustained decision and build a more profitable expert advisor collection for your profits.
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Creating a ticker tape panel: Improved version

Creating a ticker tape panel: Improved version

How do you like the idea of reviving the basic version of our ticker tape panel? The first thing we will do is change the panel to be able to add an image, such as an asset logo or some other image, so that the user could quickly and easily identify the displayed symbol.
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Creating a ticker tape panel: Basic version

Creating a ticker tape panel: Basic version

Here I will show how to create screens with price tickers which are usually used to display quotes on the exchange. I will do it by only using MQL5, without using complex external programming.
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Measuring Indicator Information

Measuring Indicator Information

Machine learning has become a popular method for strategy development. Whilst there has been more emphasis on maximizing profitability and prediction accuracy , the importance of processing the data used to build predictive models has not received a lot of attention. In this article we consider using the concept of entropy to evaluate the appropriateness of indicators to be used in predictive model building as documented in the book Testing and Tuning Market Trading Systems by Timothy Masters.
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Matrix Utils, Extending the Matrices and Vector Standard Library Functionality

Matrix Utils, Extending the Matrices and Vector Standard Library Functionality

Matrix serves as the foundation of machine learning algorithms and computers in general because of their ability to effectively handle large mathematical operations, The Standard library has everything one needs but let's see how we can extend it by introducing several functions in the utils file, that are not yet available in the library
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Population optimization algorithms: Fish School Search (FSS)

Population optimization algorithms: Fish School Search (FSS)

Fish School Search (FSS) is a new optimization algorithm inspired by the behavior of fish in a school, most of which (up to 80%) swim in an organized community of relatives. It has been proven that fish aggregations play an important role in the efficiency of foraging and protection from predators.
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DoEasy. Controls (Part 29): ScrollBar auxiliary control

DoEasy. Controls (Part 29): ScrollBar auxiliary control

In this article, I will start developing the ScrollBar auxiliary control element and its derivative objects — vertical and horizontal scrollbars. A scrollbar is used to scroll the content of the form if it goes beyond the container. Scrollbars are usually located at the bottom and to the right of the form. The horizontal one at the bottom scrolls content left and right, while the vertical one scrolls up and down.
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Category Theory in MQL5 (Part 2)

Category Theory in MQL5 (Part 2)

Category Theory is a diverse and expanding branch of Mathematics which as of yet is relatively uncovered in the MQL5 community. These series of articles look to introduce and examine some of its concepts with the overall goal of establishing an open library that attracts comments and discussion while hopefully furthering the use of this remarkable field in Traders' strategy development.
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Develop a Proof-of-Concept DLL with C++ multi-threading support for MetaTrader 5 on Linux

Develop a Proof-of-Concept DLL with C++ multi-threading support for MetaTrader 5 on Linux

We will begin the journey to explore the steps and workflow on how to base development for MetaTrader 5 platform solely on Linux system in which the final product works seamlessly on both Windows and Linux system. We will get to know Wine, and Mingw; both are the essential tools to make cross-platform development works. Especially Mingw for its threading implementations (POSIX, and Win32) that we need to consider in choosing which one to go with. We then build a proof-of-concept DLL and consume it in MQL5 code, finally compare the performance of both threading implementations. All for your foundation to expand further on your own. You should be comfortable building MT related tools on Linux after reading this article.
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MQL5 Cookbook — Services

MQL5 Cookbook — Services

The article describes the versatile capabilities of services — MQL5 programs that do not require binding graphs. I will also highlight the differences of services from other MQL5 programs and emphasize the nuances of the developer's work with services. As examples, the reader is offered various tasks covering a wide range of functionality that can be implemented as a service.