MQL5 Programming Articles

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Study the MQL5 language for programming trading strategies in numerous published articles mostly written by you - the community members. The articles are grouped into categories to help you quicker find answers to any questions related to programming: Integration, Tester, Trading Strategies, etc.

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Extending Strategy Builder Functionality
Extending Strategy Builder Functionality

Extending Strategy Builder Functionality

In the previous two articles, we discussed the application of Merrill patterns to various data types. An application was developed to test the presented ideas. In this article, we will continue working with the Strategy Builder, to improve its efficiency and to implement new features and capabilities.
Building an Expert Advisor using separate modules
Building an Expert Advisor using separate modules

Building an Expert Advisor using separate modules

When developing indicators, Expert Advisors and scripts, developers often need to create various pieces of code, which are not directly related to the trading strategy. In this article, we consider a way to create Expert Advisors using earlier created blocks, such as trailing, filtering and scheduling code, among others. We will see the benefits of this programming approach.
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part XIX): Class of library messages
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part XIX): Class of library messages

Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part XIX): Class of library messages

In this article, we will consider the class of displaying text messages. Currently, we have a sufficient number of different text messages. It is time to re-arrange the methods of their storage, display and translation of Russian or English messages to other languages. Besides, it would be good to introduce convenient ways of adding new languages to the library and quickly switching between them.
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part XVII): Interactivity of library objects
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part XVII): Interactivity of library objects

Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part XVII): Interactivity of library objects

In this article, we are going to finish the development of the base object of all library objects, so that any library object based on it is able to interact with a user. For example, users will be able to set the maximum acceptable size of a spread for opening a position and a price level, upon reaching which an event from a symbol object is sent to the program with the spread or price level-based signal.
Strategy builder based on Merrill patterns
Strategy builder based on Merrill patterns

Strategy builder based on Merrill patterns

In the previous article, we considered application of Merrill patterns to various data, such as to a price value on a currency symbol chart and values of standard MetaTrader 5 indicators: ATR, WPR, CCI, RSI, among others. Now, let us try to create a strategy construction set based on Merrill patterns.
MQL5 Cookbook: Trading strategy stress testing using custom symbols
MQL5 Cookbook: Trading strategy stress testing using custom symbols

MQL5 Cookbook: Trading strategy stress testing using custom symbols

The article considers an approach to stress testing of a trading strategy using custom symbols. A custom symbol class is created for this purpose. This class is used to receive tick data from third-party sources, as well as to change symbol properties. Based on the results of the work done, we will consider several options for changing trading conditions, under which a trading strategy is being tested.
Developing Pivot Mean Oscillator: a novel Indicator for the Cumulative Moving Average
Developing Pivot Mean Oscillator: a novel Indicator for the Cumulative Moving Average

Developing Pivot Mean Oscillator: a novel Indicator for the Cumulative Moving Average

This article presents Pivot Mean Oscillator (PMO), an implementation of the cumulative moving average (CMA) as a trading indicator for the MetaTrader platforms. In particular, we first introduce Pivot Mean (PM) as a normalization index for timeseries that computes the fraction between any data point and the CMA. We then build PMO as the difference between the moving averages applied to two PM signals. Some preliminary experiments carried out on the EURUSD symbol to test the efficacy of the proposed indicator are also reported, leaving ample space for further considerations and improvements.
Parsing HTML with curl
Parsing HTML with curl

Parsing HTML with curl

The article provides the description of a simple HTML code parsing library using third-party components. In particular, it covers the possibilities of accessing data which cannot be retrieved using GET and POST requests. We will select a website with not too large pages and will try to obtain interesting data from this site.
A New Approach to Interpreting Classic and Hidden Divergence. Part II
A New Approach to Interpreting Classic and Hidden Divergence. Part II

A New Approach to Interpreting Classic and Hidden Divergence. Part II

The article provides a critical examination of regular divergence and efficiency of various indicators. In addition, it contains filtering options for an increased analysis accuracy and features description of non-standard solutions. As a result, we will create a new tool for solving the technical task.
Merrill patterns
Merrill patterns

Merrill patterns

In this article, we will have a look at Merrill patterns' model and try to evaluate their current relevance. To do this, we will develop a tool to test the patterns and apply the model to various data types such as Close, High and Low prices, as well as oscillators.
Optimization management (Part II): Creating key objects and add-on logic
Optimization management (Part II): Creating key objects and add-on logic

Optimization management (Part II): Creating key objects and add-on logic

This article is a continuation of the previous publication related to the creation of a graphical interface for optimization management. The article considers the logic of the add-on. A wrapper for the MetaTrader 5 terminal will be created: it will enable the running of the add-on as a managed process via C#. In addition, operation with configuration files and setup files is considered in this article. The application logic is divided into two parts: the first one describes the methods called after pressing a particular key, while the second part covers optimization launch and management.
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part XI). Compatibility with MQL4 - Position closure events
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part XI). Compatibility with MQL4 - Position closure events

Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part XI). Compatibility with MQL4 - Position closure events

We continue the development of a large cross-platform library simplifying the development of programs for MetaTrader 5 and MetaTrader 4 platforms. In the tenth part, we resumed our work on the library compatibility with MQL4 and defined the events of opening positions and activating pending orders. In this article, we will define the events of closing positions and get rid of the unused order properties.
Optimization management (Part I): Creating a GUI
Optimization management (Part I): Creating a GUI

Optimization management (Part I): Creating a GUI

This article describes the process of creating an extension for the MetaTrader terminal. The solution discussed helps to automate the optimization process by running optimizations in other terminals. A few more articles will be written concerning this topic. The extension has been developed using the C# language and design patterns, which additionally demonstrates the ability to expand the terminal capabilities by developing custom modules, as well as the ability to create custom graphical user interfaces using the functionality of a preferred programming language.
Developing a cross-platform grider EA (part III): Correction-based grid with martingale
Developing a cross-platform grider EA (part III): Correction-based grid with martingale

Developing a cross-platform grider EA (part III): Correction-based grid with martingale

In this article, we will make an attempt to develop the best possible grid-based EA. As usual, this will be a cross-platform EA capable of working both with MetaTrader 4 and MetaTrader 5. The first EA was good enough, except that it could not make a profit over a long period of time. The second EA could work at intervals of more than several years. Unfortunately, it was unable to yield more than 50% of profit per year with a maximum drawdown of less than 50%.
Extract profit down to the last pip
Extract profit down to the last pip

Extract profit down to the last pip

The article describes an attempt to combine theory with practice in the algorithmic trading field. Most of discussions concerning the creation of Trading Systems is connected with the use of historic bars and various indicators applied thereon. This is the most well covered field and thus we will not consider it. Bars represent a very artificial entity; therefore we will work with something closer to proto-data, namely the price ticks.
Arranging a mailing campaign by means of Google services
Arranging a mailing campaign by means of Google services

Arranging a mailing campaign by means of Google services

A trader may want to arrange a mailing campaign to maintain business relationships with other traders, subscribers, clients or friends. Besides, there may be a necessity to send screenshotas, logs or reports. These may not be the most frequently arising tasks but having such a feature is clearly an advantage. The article deals with using several Google services simultaneously, developing an appropriate assembly on C# and integrating it with MQL tools.
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part VIII): Order and position modification events
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part VIII): Order and position modification events

Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part VIII): Order and position modification events

In the previous articles, we started creating a large cross-platform library simplifying the development of programs for MetaTrader 5 and MetaTrader 4 platforms. In the seventh part, we added tracking StopLimit orders activation and prepared the functionality for tracking other events involving orders and positions. In this article, we will develop the class for tracking order and position modification events.
Grokking market "memory" through differentiation and entropy analysis
Grokking market "memory" through differentiation and entropy analysis

Grokking market "memory" through differentiation and entropy analysis

The scope of use of fractional differentiation is wide enough. For example, a differentiated series is usually input into machine learning algorithms. The problem is that it is necessary to display new data in accordance with the available history, which the machine learning model can recognize. In this article we will consider an original approach to time series differentiation. The article additionally contains an example of a self optimizing trading system based on a received differentiated series.
Price velocity measurement methods
Price velocity measurement methods

Price velocity measurement methods

There are multiple different approaches to market research and analysis. The main ones are technical and fundamental. In technical analysis, traders collect, process and analyze numerical data and parameters related to the market, including prices, volumes, etc. In fundamental analysis, traders analyze events and news affecting the markets directly or indirectly. The article deals with price velocity measurement methods and studies trading strategies based on that methods.
Evaluating the ability of Fractal index and Hurst exponent to predict financial time series
Evaluating the ability of Fractal index and Hurst exponent to predict financial time series

Evaluating the ability of Fractal index and Hurst exponent to predict financial time series

Studies related to search for the fractal behavior of financial data suggest that behind the seemingly chaotic behavior of economic time series there are hidden stable mechanisms of participants' collective behavior. These mechanisms can lead to the emergence of price dynamics on the exchange, which can define and describe specific properties of price series. When applied to trading, one could benefit from the indicators which can efficiently and reliably estimate the fractal parameters in the scale and time frame, which are relevant in practice.
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part VII): StopLimit order activation events, preparing the functionality for order and position modification events
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part VII): StopLimit order activation events, preparing the functionality for order and position modification events

Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part VII): StopLimit order activation events, preparing the functionality for order and position modification events

In the previous articles, we started creating a large cross-platform library simplifying the development of programs for MetaTrader 5 and MetaTrader 4 platforms. In the sixth part, we trained the library to work with positions on netting accounts. Here we will implement tracking StopLimit orders activation and prepare the functionality to track order and position modification events.
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part VI): Netting account events
Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part VI): Netting account events

Library for easy and quick development of MetaTrader programs (part VI): Netting account events

In the previous articles, we started creating a large cross-platform library simplifying the development of programs for MetaTrader 5 and MetaTrader 4 platforms. In the fifth part of the article series, we created trading event classes and the event collection, from which the events are sent to the base object of the Engine library and the control program chart. In this part, we will let the library to work on netting accounts.
Applying OLAP in trading (part 2): Visualizing the interactive multidimensional data analysis results
Applying OLAP in trading (part 2): Visualizing the interactive multidimensional data analysis results

Applying OLAP in trading (part 2): Visualizing the interactive multidimensional data analysis results

In this article, we consider the creation of an interactive graphical interface for an MQL program, which is designed for the processing of account history and trading reports using OLAP techniques. To obtain a visual result, we will use maximizable and scalable windows, an adaptive layout of rubber controls and a new control for displaying diagrams. To provide the visualization functionality, we will implement a GUI with the selection of variables along coordinate axes, as well as with the selection of aggregate functions, diagram types and sorting options.