MQL5 Programming Articles

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Study the MQL5 language for programming trading strategies in numerous published articles mostly written by you - the community members. The articles are grouped into categories to help you quicker find answers to any questions related to programming: Integration, Tester, Trading Strategies, etc.

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Indicator for Constructing a Three Line Break Chart
Indicator for Constructing a Three Line Break Chart

Indicator for Constructing a Three Line Break Chart

This article is dedicated to the Three Line Break chart, suggested by Steve Nison in his book "Beyond Candlesticks". The greatest advantage of this chart is that it allows filtering minor fluctuations of a price in relation to the previous movement. We are going to discuss the principle of the chart construction, the code of the indicator and some examples of trading strategies based on it.
How we developed the MetaTrader Signals service and Social Trading
How we developed the MetaTrader Signals service and Social Trading

How we developed the MetaTrader Signals service and Social Trading

We continue to enhance the Signals service, improve the mechanisms, add new functions and fix flaws. The MetaTrader Signals Service of 2012 and the current MetaTrader Signals Service are like two completely different services. Currently, we are implementing A Virtual Hosting Cloud service which consists of a network of servers to support specific versions of the MetaTrader client terminal.
MQL5 Cookbook - Multi-Currency Expert Advisor and Working with Pending Orders in MQL5
MQL5 Cookbook - Multi-Currency Expert Advisor and Working with Pending Orders in MQL5

MQL5 Cookbook - Multi-Currency Expert Advisor and Working with Pending Orders in MQL5

This time we are going to create a multi-currency Expert Advisor with a trading algorithm based on work with the pending orders Buy Stop and Sell Stop. This article considers the following matters: trading in a specified time range, placing/modifying/deleting pending orders, checking if the last position was closed at Take Profit or Stop Loss and control of the deals history for each symbol.
Tips for an Effective Product Presentation on the Market
Tips for an Effective Product Presentation on the Market

Tips for an Effective Product Presentation on the Market

Selling programs to traders effectively does not only require writing an efficient and useful product and then publishing it on the Market. It is vital to provide a comprehensive, detailed description and good illustrations. A quality logo and correct screenshots are equally as important as the "true coding". Bear in mind a simple formula: no downloads = no sales.
Freelance Jobs on MQL5.com - Developer's Favorite Place
Freelance Jobs on MQL5.com - Developer's Favorite Place

Freelance Jobs on MQL5.com - Developer's Favorite Place

Developers of trading robots no longer need to market their services to traders that require Expert Advisors - as now they will find you. Already, thousands of traders place orders to MQL5 freelance developers, and pay for work in on MQL5.com. For 4 years, this service facilitated three thousand traders to pay for more than 10 000 jobs performed. And the activity of traders and developers is constantly growing!
Outline of MetaTrader Market (Infographics)
Outline of MetaTrader Market (Infographics)

Outline of MetaTrader Market (Infographics)

A few weeks ago we published the infographic on Freelance service. We also promised to reveal some statistics of the MetaTrader Market. Now, we invite you to examine the data we have gathered.
Johnpaul77 Signal Providers: "Our Strategy Remains Profitable for More Than Three Years Now. So Why Would We Change It?"
Johnpaul77 Signal Providers: "Our Strategy Remains Profitable for More Than Three Years Now. So Why Would We Change It?"

Johnpaul77 Signal Providers: "Our Strategy Remains Profitable for More Than Three Years Now. So Why Would We Change It?"

Let us reveal a little secret: MQL5.com website visitors spend most of their time on Johnpaul77 signal's page. It is a leader of our signal rating having about 900 subscribers with the total funds of $5.7 million on real accounts. We have interviewed the signal's providers. As it turned out, there are four of them! How are duties distributed among the team members? What technical tools do they use? Why do they call themselves John Paul? And finally, how have common gamers from Indonesia become providers of the top signal on MQL5.com? Find out all that in the article.
MQL5.com Freelance: Developers' Source of Income (Infographic)
MQL5.com Freelance: Developers' Source of Income (Infographic)

MQL5.com Freelance: Developers' Source of Income (Infographic)

On the occasion of the MQL5 Freelance Service fourth birthday, we have prepared an info-graphic demonstrating the service results for the entire time of its existence. The figures speak for themselves: more than 10 000 orders worth about $600,000 in total have been executed to date, while 3 000 customers and 300 developers have already used the service.
How to implement traders' orders and make a profit in the MQL5 Freelance service
How to implement traders' orders and make a profit in the MQL5 Freelance service

How to implement traders' orders and make a profit in the MQL5 Freelance service

MQL5 Freelance is an online service where developers get paid for creating trading applications ordered by traders. Now, traders understand the difference between all the services on MQL5.com: a ready-made Trading Robot can be bought from the MetaTrader Market, while a unique Expert Advisor that trades based on a specific user-defined strategy can be ordered in the Freelance service. Experienced developers compete for traders' order implementation, so that a trader can select the one who offers the best time and cost conditions. Since the launch of the service, traders have paid a total of $600,000 for 10,000 jobs performed
Do Traders Need Services From Developers?
Do Traders Need Services From Developers?

Do Traders Need Services From Developers?

Algorithmic trading becomes more popular and needed, which naturally led to a demand for exotic algorithms and unusual tasks. To some extent, such complex applications are available in the Code Base or in the Market. Although traders have simple access to those apps in a couple of clicks, these apps may not satisfy all needs in full. In this case, traders look for developers who can write a desired application in the MQL5 Freelance section and assign an order.
Building a Social Technology Startup, Part I: Tweet Your MetaTrader 5 Signals
Building a Social Technology Startup, Part I: Tweet Your MetaTrader 5 Signals

Building a Social Technology Startup, Part I: Tweet Your MetaTrader 5 Signals

Today we will learn how to link an MetaTrader 5 terminal with Twitter so that you can tweet your EAs' trading signals. We are developing a Social Decision Support System in PHP based on a RESTful web service. This idea comes from a particular conception of automatic trading called computer-assisted trading. We want the cognitive abilities of human traders to filter those trading signals which otherwise would be automatically placed on the market by the Expert Advisors.
Indicator for Renko charting
Indicator for Renko charting

Indicator for Renko charting

The article describes an example of Renko charting and its implementation in MQL5 as an indicator. Modifications of this indicator distinguish it from a classic chart. It can be constructed both in the indicator window and on the main chart. Moreover, there is the ZigZag indicator. You can find a few examples of the chart implementation.
Continuous futures contracts in MetaTrader 5
Continuous futures contracts in MetaTrader 5

Continuous futures contracts in MetaTrader 5

A short life span of futures contracts complicates their technical analysis. It is difficult to technically analyze short charts. For example, number of bars on the day chart of the UX-9.13 Ukrainian Stock index future is more than 100. Therefore, trader creates synthetic long futures contracts. This article explains how to splice futures contracts with different dates in the MetaTrader 5 terminal.
MQL5 Cookbook: Development of a Multi-Symbol Indicator to Analyze Price Divergence
MQL5 Cookbook: Development of a Multi-Symbol Indicator to Analyze Price Divergence

MQL5 Cookbook: Development of a Multi-Symbol Indicator to Analyze Price Divergence

In this article, we will consider the development of a multi-symbol indicator to analyze price divergence in a specified period of time. The core topics have been already discussed in the previous article on the programming of multi-currency indicators "MQL5 Cookbook: Developing a Multi-Symbol Volatility Indicator in MQL5". So this time we will dwell only on those new features and functions that have been changed dramatically. If you are new to the programming of multi-currency indicators, I recommend you to first read the previous article.
Tales of Trading Robots: Is Less More?
Tales of Trading Robots: Is Less More?

Tales of Trading Robots: Is Less More?

Two years ago in "The Last Crusade" we reviewed quite an interesting yet currently not widely used method for displaying market information - point and figure charts. Now I suggest you try to write a trading robot based on the patterns detected on the point and figure chart.
SQL and MQL5: Working with SQLite Database
SQL and MQL5: Working with SQLite Database

SQL and MQL5: Working with SQLite Database

This article is intended for developers who would be interested in using SQL in their projects. It explains the functionality and advantages of SQLite. The article does not require special knowledge of SQLite functions, yet minimum understanding of SQL would be beneficial.
Working with GSM Modem from an MQL5 Expert Advisor
Working with GSM Modem from an MQL5 Expert Advisor

Working with GSM Modem from an MQL5 Expert Advisor

There is currently a fair number of means for a comfortable remote monitoring of a trading account: mobile terminals, push notifications, working with ICQ. But it all requires Internet connection. This article describes the process of creating an Expert Advisor that will allow you to stay in touch with your trading terminal even when mobile Internet is not available, through calls and text messaging.
MQL5 Programming Basics: Lists
MQL5 Programming Basics: Lists

MQL5 Programming Basics: Lists

The new version of the programming language for trading strategy development, MQL [MQL5], provides more powerful and effective features as compared with the previous version [MQL4]. The advantage essentially lies in the object-oriented programming features. This article looks into the possibility of using complex custom data types, such as nodes and lists. It also provides an example of using lists in practical programming in MQL5.
Creating Non-Lagging Digital Filters
Creating Non-Lagging Digital Filters

Creating Non-Lagging Digital Filters

The article describes one of the approaches to determining a useful signal (trend) in stream data. Small filtering (smoothing) tests applied to market quotes demonstrate the potential for creating non-lagging digital filters (indicators) that are not redrawn on the last bars.
MQL5 Cookbook: Developing a Multi-Symbol Volatility Indicator in MQL5
MQL5 Cookbook: Developing a Multi-Symbol Volatility Indicator in MQL5

MQL5 Cookbook: Developing a Multi-Symbol Volatility Indicator in MQL5

In this article, we will consider the development of a multi-symbol volatility indicator. The development of multi-symbol indicators may present some difficulties for novice MQL5 developers which this article helps to clarify. The major issues arising in the course of development of a multi-symbol indicator have to do with the synchronization of other symbols' data with respect to the current symbol, the lack of some indicator data and the identification of the beginning of 'true' bars of a given time frame. All of these issues will be closely considered in the article.
Indicator for Kagi Charting
Indicator for Kagi Charting

Indicator for Kagi Charting

The article proposes Kagi chart indicator with various charting options and additional functions. Also, indicator charting principle and its MQL5 implementation features are considered. The most popular cases of its implementation in trading are displayed - Yin/Yang exchange strategy, pushing away from the trend line and consistently increasing "shoulders"/decreasing "waists".
Creating a Multi-Currency Multi-System Expert Advisor
Creating a Multi-Currency Multi-System Expert Advisor

Creating a Multi-Currency Multi-System Expert Advisor

The article introduces a structure for an Expert Advisor that trades multiple symbols and uses several trading systems simultaneously. If you already identified the optimal input parameters for all your EAs and got good backtesting results for each of them separately, ask yourself what results you would get if testing all EAs simultaneously, with all your strategies put together.
Video tutorial: MetaTrader Signals Service
Video tutorial: MetaTrader Signals Service

Video tutorial: MetaTrader Signals Service

In just 15 minutes, this video tutorial explains what MetaTrader Signals Service is, and demonstrates in great detail how to subscribe to trade signals and how to become a signal provider in our service. By watching this tutorial, you will be able to subscribe to any trading signal, or publish and promote your own signals in our service.
Raise Your Linear Trading Systems to the Power
Raise Your Linear Trading Systems to the Power

Raise Your Linear Trading Systems to the Power

Today's article shows intermediate MQL5 programmers how they can get more profit from their linear trading systems (Fixed Lot) by easily implementing the so-called technique of exponentiation. This is because the resulting equity curve growth is then geometric, or exponential, taking the form of a parabola. Specifically, we will implement a practical MQL5 variant of the Fixed Fractional position sizing developed by Ralph Vince.
MQL5 Cookbook: Indicator Subwindow Controls - Scrollbar
MQL5 Cookbook: Indicator Subwindow Controls - Scrollbar

MQL5 Cookbook: Indicator Subwindow Controls - Scrollbar

Let's continue exploring various controls and this time turn our attention to scrollbar. Just like in the previous article entitled "MQL5 Cookbook: Indicator Subwindow Controls - Buttons", all operations will be performed in the indicator subwindow. Take a moment to read the above mentioned article as it provides a detailed description of working with events in the OnChartEvent() function, while this point will only be casually touched upon in this article. For illustrative purposes, this time around we will create a vertical scrollbar for a large list of all financial instrument properties that can be obtained using MQL5 resources.
MQL5 Cookbook: Indicator Subwindow Controls - Buttons
MQL5 Cookbook: Indicator Subwindow Controls - Buttons

MQL5 Cookbook: Indicator Subwindow Controls - Buttons

In this article, we will consider an example of developing a user interface with button controls. To convey the idea of interactivity to the user, buttons will change their colors when the cursor hovers over them. With the cursor being over a button, the button color will be slightly darkened, getting significantly darker when the button is clicked. Furthermore, we will add tooltips to each button, thus creating an intuitive interface.
MQL5 Cookbook: Monitoring Multiple Time Frames in a Single Window
MQL5 Cookbook: Monitoring Multiple Time Frames in a Single Window

MQL5 Cookbook: Monitoring Multiple Time Frames in a Single Window

There are 21 time frames available in MetaTrader 5 for analysis. You can take advantage of special chart objects that you can place on the existing chart and set the symbol, time frame and some other properties right there. This article will provide detailed information on such chart graphical objects: we will create an indicator with controls (buttons) that will allow us to set multiple chart objects in a subwindow at the same time. Furthermore, chart objects will accurately fit in the subwindow and will be automatically adjusted when the main chart or terminal window is resized.
MQL5 Cookbook: Sound Notifications for MetaTrader 5 Trade Events
MQL5 Cookbook: Sound Notifications for MetaTrader 5 Trade Events

MQL5 Cookbook: Sound Notifications for MetaTrader 5 Trade Events

In this article, we will consider such issues as including sound files in the file of the Expert Advisor, and thus adding sound notifications to trade events. The fact that the files will be included means that the sound files will be located inside the Expert Advisor. So when giving the compiled version of the Expert Advisor (*.ex5) to another user, you will not have to also provide the sound files and explain where they need to be saved.
Technical Indicators and Digital Filters
Technical Indicators and Digital Filters

Technical Indicators and Digital Filters

In this article, technical indicators are treated as digital filters. Operation principles and basic characteristics of digital filters are explained. Also, some practical ways of receiving the filter kernel in MetaTrader 5 terminal and integration with a ready-made spectrum analyzer proposed in the article "Building a Spectrum Analyzer" are considered. Pulse and spectrum characteristics of the typical digital filters are used as examples.
Marvel Your MQL5 Customers with a Usable Cocktail of Technologies!
Marvel Your MQL5 Customers with a Usable Cocktail of Technologies!

Marvel Your MQL5 Customers with a Usable Cocktail of Technologies!

MQL5 provides programmers with a very complete set of functions and object-oriented API thanks to which they can do everything they want within the MetaTrader environment. However, Web Technology is an extremely versatile tool nowadays that may come to the rescue in some situations when you need to do something very specific, want to marvel your customers with something different or simply you do not have enough time to master a specific part of MT5 Standard Library. Today's exercise walks you through a practical example about how you can manage your development time at the same time as you also create an amazing tech cocktail.
MQL5 Cookbook: Saving Optimization Results of an Expert Advisor Based on Specified Criteria
MQL5 Cookbook: Saving Optimization Results of an Expert Advisor Based on Specified Criteria

MQL5 Cookbook: Saving Optimization Results of an Expert Advisor Based on Specified Criteria

We continue the series of articles on MQL5 programming. This time we will see how to get results of each optimization pass right during the Expert Advisor parameter optimization. The implementation will be done so as to ensure that if the conditions specified in the external parameters are met, the corresponding pass values will be written to a file. In addition to test values, we will also save the parameters that brought about such results.
MetaTrader AppStore Results for Q3 2013
MetaTrader AppStore Results for Q3 2013

MetaTrader AppStore Results for Q3 2013

Another quarter of the year has passed and we have decided to sum up its results for MetaTrader AppStore - the largest store of trading robots and technical indicators for MetaTrader platforms. More than 500 developers have placed over 1 200 products in the Market by the end of the reported quarter.
MQL5 Wizard: How to Teach an EA to Open Pending Orders at Any Price
MQL5 Wizard: How to Teach an EA to Open Pending Orders at Any Price

MQL5 Wizard: How to Teach an EA to Open Pending Orders at Any Price

The article describes a method of modifying the code of a trading signal module for the implementation of the functionality allowing you to set pending orders at any distance from the current price: it may be the Close or Open price of the previous bar or the value of the moving average. There are plenty of options. Important is that you can set any opening price for a pending order. This article will be useful to traders who trade with pending orders.
MQL5 Cookbook: Reducing the Effect of Overfitting and Handling the Lack of Quotes
MQL5 Cookbook: Reducing the Effect of Overfitting and Handling the Lack of Quotes

MQL5 Cookbook: Reducing the Effect of Overfitting and Handling the Lack of Quotes

Whatever trading strategy you use, there will always be a question of what parameters to choose to ensure future profits. This article gives an example of an Expert Advisor with a possibility to optimize multiple symbol parameters at the same time. This method is intended to reduce the effect of overfitting parameters and handle situations where data from a single symbol are not enough for the study.
Creating Neural Network EAs Using MQL5 Wizard and Hlaiman EA Generator
Creating Neural Network EAs Using MQL5 Wizard and Hlaiman EA Generator

Creating Neural Network EAs Using MQL5 Wizard and Hlaiman EA Generator

The article describes a method of automated creation of neural network EAs using MQL5 Wizard and Hlaiman EA Generator. It shows you how you can easily start working with neural networks, without having to learn the entire body of theoretical information and writing your own code.
Extending MQL5 Standard Library and Reusing Code
Extending MQL5 Standard Library and Reusing Code

Extending MQL5 Standard Library and Reusing Code

MQL5 Standard Library makes your life as a developer easier. Nevertheless, it does not implement all the needs of all developers in the world, so if you feel that you need some more custom stuff you can take a step further and extend. This article walks you through integrating MetaQuotes' Zig-Zag technical indicator into the Standard Library. We get inspired by MetaQuotes' design philosophy to achieve our goal.
Trading Signal Generator Based on a Custom Indicator
Trading Signal Generator Based on a Custom Indicator

Trading Signal Generator Based on a Custom Indicator

How to create a trading signal generator based on a custom indicator? How to create a custom indicator? How to get access to custom indicator data? Why do we need the IS_PATTERN_USAGE(0) structure and model 0?
Building an Automatic News Trader
Building an Automatic News Trader

Building an Automatic News Trader

This is the continuation of Another MQL5 OOP class article which showed you how to build a simple OO EA from scratch and gave you some tips on object-oriented programming. Today I am showing you the technical basics needed to develop an EA able to trade the news. My goal is to keep on giving you ideas about OOP and also cover a new topic in this series of articles, working with the file system.