Brazil Consumer Price Index (CPI) m/m

Country:
Brazil
BRL, Brazilian real
Sector:
Prices
Medium 0.42% 0.36%
0.56%
Last release Importance Actual Forecast
Previous
0.50%
0.42%
Next release Actual Forecast
Previous
  • Overview
  • Chart
  • History
  • Widget

The National Broad Consumer Price Index (IPCA) measures the inflation of prices of retail products and services in relation to household consumption, where earnings vary between 1 and 40 minimum wages, regardless of the source of income. The index seeks to cover 90% of families living in urban areas included in the National System of Consumer Indices (SNIPC).

The SNIPC collects the data in 11 urban areas, which are the metropolitan areas of Belém, Fortaleza, Recife, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Curitiba, Porto Alegre, the Federal District and Goiânia.

Generally, the IPCA methodology includes the following fields: composition of the general price structure; delimitation of the registration bases of products and places; pricing and method of calculation.

The prices are obtained from the registers of informants and products, according to the specific methods of survey. In order to register the informants, two lines of procedures are used, depending on the nature of the various goods searched:

The main line procedure is a survey of informants through the Purchase Locations Search — PLC.

The second line is made for peculiar subitems, where the PLC methodology cannot be used (for example: rental values for housing, domestic servants, condominium, public utilities, fees, etc).

The calculation method is accomplished primarily through the arithmetic average of prices collected at different commercial establishments for each product researched in the current month, and the average price is compared with the result of the previous month. Subsequently, the subitems index is calculated by applying a simple geometric mean to aggregate the results of the products belonging to the subitems. Finally, for all higher levels of the aggregate set, the Laspeyres formula is used.

The monthly IPCA is officially released monthly by the IBGE Automatic Recovery System — SIDRA. The growth of this index can be considered positive for the Brazilian real.

Last values:

actual data

forecast

The chart of the entire available history of the "Brazil Consumer Price Index (CPI) m/m" macroeconomic indicator. The dashed line shows the forecast values ​​of the economic indicator for the specified dates.

A significant deviation of a real value from a forecast one may cause a short-term strengthening or weakening of a national currency in the Forex market. The threshold values ​​of the indicators signaling the approach of the critical state of the national (local) economy occupy a special place.

Date (GMT)
Reference
Actual
Forecast
Previous
Jan 2024
0.42%
0.36%
0.56%
Dec 2023
0.56%
0.26%
0.28%
Nov 2023
0.28%
0.25%
0.24%
Oct 2023
0.24%
0.24%
0.26%
Sep 2023
0.26%
0.17%
0.23%
Aug 2023
0.23%
0.02%
0.12%
Jul 2023
0.12%
0.07%
-0.08%
Jun 2023
-0.08%
0.42%
0.23%
May 2023
0.23%
0.66%
0.61%
Apr 2023
0.61%
0.78%
0.71%
Mar 2023
0.71%
0.69%
0.84%
Feb 2023
0.84%
0.57%
0.53%
Jan 2023
0.53%
0.51%
0.62%
Dec 2022
0.62%
0.50%
0.41%
Nov 2022
0.41%
0.15%
0.59%
Oct 2022
0.59%
-0.32%
-0.29%
Sep 2022
-0.29%
0.31%
-0.36%
Aug 2022
-0.36%
0.06%
-0.68%
Jul 2022
-0.68%
0.99%
0.67%
Jun 2022
0.67%
0.99%
0.47%
May 2022
0.47%
0.99%
1.06%
Apr 2022
1.06%
1.15%
1.62%
Mar 2022
1.62%
0.58%
1.01%
Feb 2022
1.01%
0.89%
0.54%
Jan 2022
0.54%
0.89%
0.73%
Dec 2021
0.73%
0.87%
0.95%
Nov 2021
0.95%
0.82%
1.25%
Oct 2021
1.25%
0.77%
1.16%
Sep 2021
1.16%
0.70%
0.87%
Aug 2021
0.87%
0.62%
0.96%
Jul 2021
0.96%
0.52%
0.53%
Jun 2021
0.53%
0.19%
0.83%
May 2021
0.83%
0.08%
0.31%
Apr 2021
0.31%
0.41%
0.93%
Mar 2021
0.93%
0.50%
0.86%
Feb 2021
0.86%
0.57%
0.25%
Jan 2021
0.25%
0.69%
1.35%
Dec 2020
1.35%
0.24%
0.89%
Nov 2020
0.89%
0.24%
0.86%
Oct 2020
0.86%
0.24%
0.64%
Sep 2020
0.64%
0.20%
0.24%
Aug 2020
0.24%
0.21%
0.36%
Jul 2020
0.36%
0.21%
0.26%
Jun 2020
0.26%
0.22%
-0.38%
May 2020
-0.38%
0.25%
-0.31%
Apr 2020
-0.31%
0.26%
0.07%
Mar 2020
0.07%
0.25%
0.25%
Feb 2020
0.25%
0.24%
0.21%
Jan 2020
0.21%
0.23%
1.15%
Dec 2019
1.15%
0.22%
0.51%

Economic calendar widget for your website

Create your own calendar of economic events. To do this, simply specify its size and display period. You can freely use this widget on your websites. In return, we ask you to keep the provided code unchanged.

The Calendar data are provided as is. The economic news release frequency and schedule, as well as the economic parameters' values may change without our knowledge. You can use the provided information, but you accept all the risks associated with making trade decisions based on the Calendar data.

Use official plugin for WordPress websites

Use official plugin for WordPress websites

Download
Widget type
Language
Color theme
Date format
Size
×
Display information
Default calendar period
Your embed code