European Union Consumer Price Index (CPI) y/y

Country:
European Union
EUR, Euro
Source:
Sector:
Prices
Low 2.2% 2.1%
2.1%
Last release Importance Actual Forecast
Previous
2.2%
2.2%
Next release Actual Forecast
Previous
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The Consumer Price Index (CPI) y/y reflects changes in prices for goods and services in the euro area, in the specified month compared to the same month of the previous year. The CPI is calculated separately for each state in the euro area. Then the obtained data are compiled to the Harmonized Index of Consumer Price (HICP) according to the approved methodology.

The CPI reflects price changes from the perspective of households, i.e. end consumers of goods and services. The index calculation basket includes 12 main categories of goods and services: food, alcohol and tobacco, clothing, housing, household services, health, transportation, communications, recreation and culture, education, hotels and restaurants, and "miscellaneous".

Goods and services which are not part of the final consumer spending of households are excluded from the calculation. The calculation does not include some categories of expenses which cannot be included in the single system, such as gambling, imputed rental of housing, life insurance, state health insurance, financial intermediation services indirectly measured, etc.

The Consumer Price Index as well as the inflation in the euro area, is a measure of price stability used by the Governing Council of the ECB to evaluate the effectiveness of monetary policy. CPI growth against insufficient inflation is seen as positive for the euro quotes.

Last values:

actual data

forecast

The chart of the entire available history of the "European Union Consumer Price Index (CPI) y/y" macroeconomic indicator. The dashed line shows the forecast values ​​of the economic indicator for the specified dates.

A significant deviation of a real value from a forecast one may cause a short-term strengthening or weakening of a national currency in the Forex market. The threshold values ​​of the indicators signaling the approach of the critical state of the national (local) economy occupy a special place.

Date (GMT)
Reference
Actual
Forecast
Previous
Oct 2018 prelim.
2.2%
2.1%
2.1%
Sep 2018
2.1%
2.1%
2.1%
Sep 2018 prelim.
2.1%
2.0%
2.0%
Aug 2018
2.0%
2.1%
2.0%
Aug 2018 prelim.
2.0%
2.1%
2.1%
Jul 2018
2.1%
2.1%
2.1%
Jul 2018 prelim.
2.1%
2.0%
2.0%
Jun 2018
2.0%
2.0%
2.0%
Jun 2018 prelim.
2.0%
1.9%
1.9%
May 2018
1.9%
1.6%
1.9%
May 2018 prelim.
1.9%
1.2%
1.2%
Apr 2018
1.2%
1.1%
1.2%
Apr 2018 prelim.
1.2%
1.4%
1.3%
Mar 2018
1.3%
1.6%
1.4%
Mar 2018 prelim.
1.4%
1.0%
1.1%
Feb 2018
1.1%
1.2%
1.2%
Feb 2018 prelim.
1.2%
1.3%
1.3%
Jan 2018
1.3%
1.3%
1.3%
Jan 2018 prelim.
1.3%
1.2%
1.4%
Dec 2017
1.4%
1.4%
1.4%
Dec 2017 prelim.
1.4%
1.5%
1.5%
Nov 2017
1.5%
1.7%
1.5%
Nov 2017 prelim.
1.5%
1.4%
1.4%
Oct 2017
1.4%
1.4%
1.4%
Oct 2017 prelim.
1.4%
1.5%
1.5%
Sep 2017
1.5%
1.5%
1.5%
Sep 2017 prelim.
1.5%
1.5%
1.5%
Aug 2017
1.5%
1.4%
1.5%
Aug 2017 prelim.
1.5%
1.3%
1.3%
Jul 2017
1.3%
1.3%
1.3%
Jul 2017 prelim.
1.3%
1.3%
1.3%
Jun 2017
1.3%
1.4%
1.3%
Jun 2017 prelim.
1.3%
1.4%
1.4%
May 2017
1.4%
1.7%
1.4%
May 2017 prelim.
1.4%
1.9%
1.9%
Apr 2017
1.9%
1.7%
1.9%
Apr 2017 prelim.
1.9%
1.5%
Mar 2017
1.5%
1.5%
Mar 2017 prelim.
1.5%
2.0%
Feb 2017
2.0%
2.0%
Feb 2017 prelim.
2.0%
1.8%
Jan 2017
1.8%
1.8%
Jan 2017 prelim.
1.8%
1.1%
Dec 2016
1.1%
1.1%
Dec 2016 prelim.
1.1%
0.6%
Nov 2016
0.6%
0.6%
Nov 2016 prelim.
0.6%
0.5%
Oct 2016
0.5%
0.5%
Oct 2016 prelim.
0.5%
0.4%
Sep 2016
0.4%
0.4%

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