Arranging a mailing campaign by means of Google services

5 August 2019, 10:37
Andrei Novichkov
0
2 221

Introduction

A trader may want to arrange a mailing campaign to maintain business relationships with other traders, subscribers, clients or friends. Besides, there may be a necessity to send screenshots, logs or reports. These may not be the most frequently arising tasks but having such a feature is clearly an advantage. It would be definitely difficult or even outright impossible to use convenient MQL tools here. At the end of the article, we will get back to the issue of using exclusively MQL tools to solve this task. Until then, we will use the combination of MQL and C#. This will allow us to write the necessary code relatively easily and connect it to the terminal. Besides, it will also set a very interesting challenge related to this connection.

The article is intended for beginner and mid-level developers who want to deepen their knowledge of writing libraries and integrating them with the terminal, as well as become more familiar with Google services.

Setting a task

Now let's define more precisely what we are going to do. There is an updatable list of contacts allowing users to send emails with attachments once or repeatedly to any contact from the list. Things to consider:

  • Certain contacts from the list may not have an address or it may be incorrect. Also, there may be multiple addresses.
  • The list can be changed — contacts can be added or deleted.
  • Contacts can be duplicated.
  • They may also be excluded from mailing campaigns while remaining in the list. In other words, the contact's activity should be adjustable.
  • Moreover, the list will most certainly contain contacts unrelated to the task in question.

Implementing the list management is the most evident task. What options do we have here?

  1. An HDD database or a CSV file is inconvenient and not reliable enough. It is not always available, and an additional software may be required to manage such a storage.
  2. A database of a special website featuring a Joomla-type CMS. This is a good working solution. Data is protected and accessible from anywhere. Besides, emails can be easily sent from the website. However, there is also a significant drawback. A special add-on is required to interact with such a website. Such an add-on may be quite large and riddled with security holes. In other words, a reliable infrastructure is a must here.
  3. Using the ready-made Google services. There you can securely store and manage contacts, as well as access them from different devices. In particular, you can form various lists (groups) and send emails. This is all that we need for comfortable work. So let's stick to this option.

Interacting with Google is heavily documented, for example here. To start working with Google, register an account and create a list of contacts there. The list should contain contacts we are to send emails to. In the contacts, create a group with a certain name, for example "Forex", and add selected contacts to it. Each contact is capable of saving multiple data to be available later. Unfortunately, if a user still needs an additional data field, it cannot be created. This should not cause inconvenience since there are a lot of data fields available. I will show how to use them later on.

Now it is time to move on to the main tasks.

Preparations on Google side

Suppose that we already have a Google account. Resume the project development using the Google "develop console". Here you can find out in details how to use the console and develop a project. Of course, the article the link above leads to describes another project. Our project needs a name. Let it be " WorkWithPeople". We will need other services. At this stage, enable the following ones:

  • People API
  • Gmail API

The first one provides access to the list of contacts (in fact, it provides access to other things as well but we only need the list). There is another service for accessing the list of contacts — Contacts API, but at present it is not recommended for use, so we do not pay attention to it.

As the name suggests, the second service provides access to mail.

Enable the services and get the keys granting the application access to them. There is no need to write them down or remember. Download the attached file in json format containing all the necessary data for accessing Google resources, including these keys. Save the file on your disk, perhaps giving it a more meaningful name. In my case, it is called "WorkWithPeople_gmail.json". This completes direct work with Google. We have created the account, the contact list and the project, as well as got the access file.

Now let's move on to working with VS 2017.

Project and packages

Open VS 2017 and create a standard Class Library (.NET Framework) project. Name it in any memorizable way (in my case, it coincides with the Google project name " WorkWithPeople", although this is not obligatory). Install additional packages using NuGet right away:

  • Google.Apis
  • Google.Apis.People.v1
  • Google.Apis.PeopleService.v1
  • Google.Apis.Gmail.v1
  • MimeKit

    During the installation, NuGet offers to install related packages. Agree to do that. In our case, the project receives the Google packages for working with contacts and managing emails. Now we are ready to develop the code.

    Accessing a contact

    Let's start with the auxiliary class. If we consider the amount of data a certain Google contact contains, it becomes obvious that the main part of it is not needed for our task. We need a contact name and an address to send an email. In fact, we need data from yet another field, but more on that later.

    The appropriate class may look as follows:

    namespace WorkWithPeople
    {    
        internal sealed class OneContact
        {
            public OneContact(string n, string e)
            {
                this.Name  = n;
                this.Email = e;
            }
            public string Name  { get; set; }
            public string Email { get; set; }
        }
    }

    There are two "string"-type properties storing the contact name and address, as well as a simple constructor featuring two parameters to initialize them. No additional checks are implemented. They are to be performed elsewhere.

    A list of simple elements is created when reading the contact list. This allows conducting a mailing campaign based on data of this newly built list. If you want to update the list, remove all list elements and repeat the operation of reading and selecting data from the Google account.

    There is yet another auxiliary class. The contact list may contain an invalid email address or there may be no addresses at all. Before sending an email, we need to ensure that the address is present and correct. Let's develop the new auxiliary class to achieve that:

    namespace WorkWithPeople
    {    
        internal static class ValidEmail
        {
            public stati cbool IsValidEmail(this string source) => !string.IsNullOrEmpty(source) && new System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations.EmailAddressAttribute().IsValid(source);
        }
    }
    

    To perform a check, we use available tools, although we can use regular expressions as well. For convenience of further use, we develop the code as an extension method. As it is not difficult to guess, the method returns true if a string containing a mailing address passes the check and false otherwise. Now it is time to move on to the main part of the code.

    Access and working with services

    We have already created the project, got the keys and downloaded the JSON file for authorizing the application. So let's create a new class ContactsPeople and add the appropriate assemblies to the file:

    using System;
    using System.Collections.Generic;
    using System.Linq;
    using System.IO;
    using System.Net.Mail;
    using System.Text;
    using System.Threading;
    using System.Threading.Tasks;
    using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
    using Google.Apis.People.v1;
    using Google.Apis.Services;
    using Google.Apis.Util.Store;
    using Google.Apis.Http;
    using Google.Apis.PeopleService.v1;
    using Google.Apis.PeopleService.v1.Data;
    using Google.Apis.Gmail.v1;
    using Google.Apis.Gmail.v1.Data;
    
    namespace WorkWithPeople
    {
        internal sealed class ContactsPeople
        {
           public static string Applicationname { get; } = "WorkWithPeople";
    
    .....

    Add the static property containing the Google project name. This static property is made read-only.

    Add closed fields and enumeration to the class:

            private enum             PersonStatus
            {
                Active,
                Passive
            };
            private string           _groupsresourcename;
            private List<OneContact> _list = new List<OneContact>();
            private UserCredential   _credential;
            private PeopleService    _pservice;
            private GmailService     _gservice;

    The enumeration is used to mark a contact as "active" (receives emails) and "passive" (does not receive emails). Other closed fields:

    • _groupsresourcename. Google resource name corresponding to the group created in the "contacts". (In our case, the selected group name was "Forex").
    • _list. The list of contacts a mailing campaign is to apply to.
    • _credential. Application "powers".
    • _pservice, _gservice. Services for working with contacts and mail.

    Let's write the code of the main working function:

            publicint WorkWithGoogle(string credentialfile, 
                                       string user, 
                                       string filedatastore, 
                                       string groupname,
                                       string subject,
                                       string body,
                                       bool   isHtml,
                                       List<string> attach = null)
            {
              ...

    Its arguments are:

    • credentialfile. Name and path of accessing the JSON file containing all the data for accessing the services. It was previously downloaded from the Google account.
    • user. Google account name — XXXXX@gmail.com address.
    • filedatastore. Name of an auxiliary folder — storage on a user's PC (may be arbitrary). The folder is created within AppData (%APPDATA%) and contains the file with additional access data.
    • groupname. Name of a contact group for a mailing campaign we created. In our case, it is "Forex".
    • subject, body, isHtml. Email subject and text and whether it is written in html format.
    • attach. List of attached files.

    Returned value — number of sent emails. Start writing the function code:

                if (!File.Exists(credentialfile))
                    throw (new FileNotFoundException("Not found: " + credentialfile));
                using (var stream = new FileStream(credentialfile, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))
                {
                    if (_credential == null) {
                        _credential = GoogleWebAuthorizationBroker.AuthorizeAsync(
                            GoogleClientSecrets.Load(stream).Secrets,
                            new[]
                            {
                                GmailService.Scope.GmailSend,
                                PeopleService.Scope.ContactsReadonly
                            },
                            user,
                            CancellationToken.None,
                            new FileDataStore(filedatastore)).Result;
                            CreateServicies();
                    }
                    else if (_credential.Token.IsExpired(Google.Apis.Util.SystemClock.Default)) {
                        bool refreshResult = _credential.RefreshTokenAsync(CancellationToken.None).Result;
                        _list.Clear();
                        if (!refreshResult) return 0;   
                        CreateServicies();
                    }
                    
                }// using (var stream = new FileStream(credentialfile, FileMode.Open, FileAccess.Read))

    Pay attention to the array of strings defining the access to which service should be requested:

    • GmailService.Scope.GmailSend. This is an access to sending emails.
    • PeopleService.Scope.ContactsReadonly. Access to contacts in read-only mode.

    Besides, note calling GoogleWebAuthorizationBroker.AuthorizeAsync. Its name suggests that the call is to be performed asynchronously.

    Note that if a previously received token is overdue, the code updates it and removes all objects from the previously formed _list.

    The auxiliary CreateServicies() function creates and initializes the necessary objects:

            private void         CreateServicies()
            {
                _pservice = new PeopleService(new BaseClientService.Initializer()
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = _credential,
                    ApplicationName = Applicationname
                });
                _gservice = new GmailService(new BaseClientService.Initializer()
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = _credential,
                    ApplicationName = Applicationname
                });
            }

    As we can see, we get access to the necessary services after executing the code segments displayed above:

     - Using the JSON data file, we first request the "powers" and save them in the _credential field. Then we call the service constructors passing the "power" and project name fields to them as the initializing list.

    It is time to obtain the contact list of a group selected for a mailing campaign:

                try {
                      if (_list.Count == 0)
                        GetPeople(_pservice, null, groupname);                     
                }
                catch (Exception ex) {
                    ex.Data.Add("call GetPeople: ", ex.Message);
                    throw;
                }
    #if DEBUG
                int i = 1;
                foreach (var nm in _list) {
                    Console.WriteLine("{0} {1} {2}", i++, nm.Name, nm.Email);
                }
    #endif
                if (_list.Count == 0) {
                    Console.WriteLine("Sorry, List is empty...");
                    return 0;
                }

    The GetPeople(...) function (described later) is to fill in the _list storing the contacts. This function serves as an exception source, therefore its block is wrapped in the try block. No exception types are detected in connected assemblies, therefore the catch block is written in the most general form. In other words, we do not have to include all possible occurrences here in order not to lose valuable data for debugging. Therefore, add data you consider necessary to the exception and re-activate it.

    Keep in mind that _list is updated only when it is empty, i.e. when it receives a new token or updates the old one.

    The next block is executed only for the debugging version. The entire formed list is simply displayed in the console.

    The final block is quite obvious one. If the list remains empty, the further work has no point and is stopped accompanied by the appropriate message.

    The function ends with the code block forming an outgoing email and conducting a mailing campaign:

                using (MailMessage mail = new MailMessage
                {
                    Subject = subject,
                    Body = body,
                    IsBodyHtml = isHtml
                })  // MailMessage mail = new MailMessage
                {
                    if (attach != null)
                    {
                        foreach (var path in attach)
                            mail.Attachments.Add(new Attachment(path));
                    } //  if (attach != null)
    
                    foreach (var nm in _list)
                        mail.To.Add(new MailAddress(nm.Email, nm.Name));
                    try
                    {
                        SendOneEmail(_gservice, mail);
                    }
                    catch (Exception ex)
                    {
                        ex.Data.Add("call SendOneEmail: ", ex.Message);
                        throw;
                    }
                }// using (MailMessage mail = new MailMessage

    An instance of the MailMessage library class is created here. This is followed by its subsequent initialization and filling in the fields. The list of attachments is added if present. Finally, the mailing list obtained during the previous stage is formed.

    Mailing is performed by the SendOneEmail(...) function to be described later. Just like the GetPeople(...) function, it may also become an exception source. Therefore, its call is also wrapped in the try block, and handling in catch is made similarly.

    At this point, the work of the WorkWithGoogle(...) main function is considered complete, and it returns the _list.Count value assuming that email messages were sent to each contact from the list.

    Filling in the contact list

    After getting access, _list is ready to be filled. This is done by the function:

            private void         GetPeople(PeopleService service, string pageToken, string groupName)
            {
               ...

    Its arguments are:

    • service. A link to a previously created access class to Google contacts.
    • pageToken. There may be multiple contacts. This argument tells the developer that the list of contacts takes up several pages.
    • groupName. Name of a contact group we are interested in.

    First time, the function is called with pageToken = NULL. If a request to Google subsequently returns the token with the value different from NULL, the function is called recursively.

                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(_groupsresourcename))
                {
                    ContactGroupsResource groupsResource = new ContactGroupsResource(service);
                    ContactGroupsResource.ListRequest listRequest = groupsResource.List();
                    ListContactGroupsResponse response = listRequest.Execute();
                    _groupsresourcename = (from gr in response.ContactGroups
                                           where string.Equals(groupName.ToUpperInvariant(), gr.FormattedName.ToUpperInvariant())
                                           select gr.ResourceName).Single();
                    if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(_groupsresourcename))
                        throw (new MissingFieldException($"Can't find GroupName: {groupName}"));
                }// if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(_groupsresourcename))

    We need to find out a resource name by a group name. To achieve this, request the list of all resources and find out the necessary one in a simple lambda expression. Note that there should be only one resource with the required name. If no resource is found during the work, the exception is enabled.

    Google.Apis.PeopleService.v1.PeopleResource.ConnectionsResource.ListRequest peopleRequest =
                    new Google.Apis.PeopleService.v1.PeopleResource.ConnectionsResource.ListRequest(service, "people/me")
                    {
                        PersonFields = "names,emailAddresses,memberships,biographies"
                    };
                if (pageToken != null) {
                    peopleRequest.PageToken = pageToken;
                }
    

    Let's construct the request to Google to obtain the necessary list. To do this, specify the fields from the Google contact data we are interested in:

    • names, emailAddresses. For creating the instance of the OneContact class.
    • memberships. To check if a contact belongs to our group.
    • biographies. This field is selected for managing the contact activity, although it was designed to store a contact's biography. In order for a contact to be recognized as active and send emails to its address, it is necessary that the field starts with one. In any other case, the contact is considered passive and ignored even if it is located in the necessary group. It is not necessary to use this particular field for that. In our case, it is presumably selected due to its relatively infrequent use. This is very convenient for a user managing a mailing campaign, as it allows "enabling/disabling" certain contacts.

    Finally, make a request:

                var request = peopleRequest.Execute();
                var list1 = from person in request.Connections
                         where person.Biographies != null
                         from mem in person.Memberships
                         where string.Equals(_groupsresourcename, mem.ContactGroupMembership.ContactGroupResourceName) &&
                               PersonActive(person.Biographies.FirstOrDefault()?.Value) == PersonStatus.Active
                         let name = person.Names.First().DisplayName
                         orderby name
                         let email = person.EmailAddresses?.FirstOrDefault(p => p.Value.IsValidEmail())?.Value
                         where !string.IsNullOrEmpty(email)
                         select new OneContact(name, email);
                _list.AddRange(list1);
                if (request.NextPageToken != null) {
                    GetPeople(service, request.NextPageToken, groupName);
                }
            }//void GetPeople(PeopleService service, string pageToken, string groupName)

    Make a request and sort the necessary data in lambda expression. It looks rather bulky but is in fact quite simple. A contact should have a non-zero biography, be in the correct group, be an active contact and have a correct address. Let's show here the function defining the "active/passive" status of a single contact by the "biographies" field contents:

            private PersonStatus PersonActive(string value)
            {
                try {
                    switch (Int32.Parse(value))
                    {
                        case 1:
                            return PersonStatus.Active;
                        default:
                            return PersonStatus.Passive;
                    }
                }
                catch (FormatException)   { return PersonStatus.Passive; }
                catch (OverflowException) { return PersonStatus.Passive; }
            }//PersonStatus PersonActive(string value)

    This is the only function in the project that does not seek to re-enable the exceptions trying to handle some of them on the spot instead.

    We are almost done! Add the obtained list to _list. If not all contacts are read, call the function recursively with a new token value.

    Sending emails

    This is performed by the following auxiliary function:

            private void SendOneEmail(GmailService service, MailMessage mail)
            {
                MimeKit.MimeMessage mimeMessage = MimeKit.MimeMessage.CreateFromMailMessage(mail);
                var encodedText = Base64UrlEncode(mimeMessage.ToString());
                var message = new Message { Raw = encodedText };
    
                var request = service.Users.Messages.Send(message, "me").Execute();
            }//  bool SendOneEmail(GmailService service, MailMessage mail)

      Its calling is described above. The objective of this simple function is to prepare emails for sending and perform a mailing campaign. Besides, the function features all "heavy" preparatory operations. Unfortunately, Google does not accept data in the form of the MailMessage class. Therefore, prepare data in an acceptable form and code it. The MimeKit assembly includes the tools that perform coding. However, I believe that it is much easier to use a simple function available to us. I will not show it here due to its simplicity. Note the specialized userId of string type in the service.Users.Messages.Send call. It is equal to the special "me" value allowing Google to access your account to obtain sender data.

      This concludes the analysis of the ContactsPeople class. The remaining functions are auxiliary, so there is no point in dwelling on them.

      Terminal connector

      The only remaining issue is connecting the (unfinished) assembly to the terminal. At first glance, the task is simple. Define several static methods, compile the project and copy it to the terminal's Libraries folder. Call the static methods of the assembly from the MQL code. But what exactly should we copy? There is an assembly in the form of a dll library. There are also about a dozen assemblies downloaded by NuGet we actively use in our work. There is a JSON file storing data for accessing Google. Let's try to copy the entire set to the Libraries folder. Create a primitive MQL script (there is no point in attaching its code here) and try calling a static method from the assembly. Exception! Google.Apis.dll is not found. This is a very unpleasant surprise, which means that the CLR cannot find the desired assembly, although it is located in the same folder as our main assembly. Why is this happening? It is not worth examining the situation here in detail. All interested in details may find them in the famous book by Richter (in the section about searching for private assemblies).

      There are already many examples of fully functional .Net applications that work with MetaTrader. Such issues occurred there as well. How were they solved? Here the issue was solved by creating a channel between a .Net application and an MQL program, while here an event-based model was used. I can suggest a similar approach involving passing the required data from an MQL program to a .Net application using the command line.

      But it is worthwhile to consider more "elegant", simple and universal solution. I mean managing the assembly download using the AppDomain.AssemblyResolve event. This event occurs when the execution requirement cannot bind an assembly by name. In this case, the event handler can load and return the assembly from another folder (having an address the handler knows). Therefore, a rather beautiful solution suggests itself here:

      1. Create a folder having a different name in the "Libraries" folder (in my case, it is "WorkWithPeople").
      2. The assembly whose methods are to be imported to a file with MQL is copied to the "Libraries" folder.
      3. All other project assemblies, including the JSON file containing data on accessing the Google services, are copied to the "WorkWithPeople" folder.
      4. Let our main assembly in the Libraries folder know the address where it should look for other assemblies — the full path to the "WorkWithPeople" folder.

      As a result, we get a workable solution without cluttering up the "Libraries" folder. It only remains to implement the decisions in the code.

      Control class

      Let's create a static class

          public static class Run
          {
      
              static Run() {
                  AppDomain.CurrentDomain.AssemblyResolve += ResolveAssembly;
              }// Run()

      and add the event handler to it so that it appears in the handler chain as soon as possible. Let's define the handler itself:

              static Assembly ResolveAssembly(object sender, ResolveEventArgs args) {
                  String dllName = new AssemblyName(args.Name).Name + ".dll";
                  return Assembly.LoadFile(Path.Combine(_path, dllName) );
              }// static Assembly ResolveAssembly(object sender, ResolveEventArgs args)

      Now whenever an assembly is detected, this handler is called. Its objective is to download and return the assembly combining the path from the _path variable (defined during the initiation) and the calculated name. Now the exception appears only if the handler is unable to find the assembly.

      The initialization function looks as follows:

      public static void Initialize(string Path, string GoogleGroup, string AdminEmail, string Storage)
              {
                  if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(Path) ||
                      string.IsNullOrEmpty(GoogleGroup) ||
                      string.IsNullOrEmpty(AdminEmail) ||
                      string.IsNullOrEmpty(Storage)) throw (new MissingFieldException("Initialize: bad parameters"));
                  _group = GoogleGroup;
                  _user = AdminEmail;
                  _storage = Storage;
                  _path = Path;
              }//  Initialize(string Path, string GoogleGroup, string AdminEmail, string Storage)
      

      This function should be called the very first BEFORE an attempt to send emails is made. Its arguments are:

      • Path. The path where the handler looks for assemblies and where the file with data for accessing Google is located.
      • GoogleGroup. Name of a group in the contacts used for mailing.
      • AdminEmail. Account name/mail address (XXX@google.com), on behalf of which a mailing is performed.
      • Storage. A name of an auxiliary file where some additional data is stored.

      All described arguments should not be empty strings, otherwise an exception is activated.

      Create a list and a simple adding function for included files:

      public static void AddAttachment (string attach) { _attachList.Add(attach);}
      

      The function features no error-checking tools since it is to deal with screenshots and other files preliminarily created in the MetaTrader environment. It is assumed that this is done by the control tool working in the terminal.

      Let's create an object for mailing right away

      static ContactsPeople _cContactsPeople = new ContactsPeople();
      

      and execute it by calling the function:

      public static int DoWork(string subject, string body, bool isHtml = false) {
                  if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(body))
                      throw (new MissingFieldException("Email body null or empty"));
                  int res = 0;
                  if (_attachList.Count > 0) {
                      res = _cContactsPeople.WorkWithGoogle(Path.Combine(_path, "WorkWithPeople_gmail.json"),
                          _user,
                          _storage,
                          _group,
                          subject,
                          body,
                          isHtml,
                          _attachList);
                      _attachList.Clear();
                  } else {
                      res = _cContactsPeople.WorkWithGoogle(Path.Combine(_path, "WorkWithPeople_gmail.json"),
                          _user,
                          _storage,
                          _group,
                          subject,
                          body,
                          isHtml);
                  }// if (_attachList.Count > 0) ... else ...
                  return res;
              }// static int DoWork(string subject, string body, bool isHtml = false)
      

      The inputs are as follows:

      • subject. Email subject.
      • body. Email text.
      • isHtml. Whether an email has html format.

      There are two options of calling _cContactsPeople.WorkWithGoogle depending on whether an email features attachments. The first argument of the call is particularly interesting:

      Path.Combine(_path, "WorkWithPeople_gmail.json")

      This is a full path to the file containing data for accessing Google services.

      The DoWork(...) function returns the number of sent emails.

      The entire project for VS++ 2017, except for the data file for accessing Google, is located in the attached google.zip archive.

      Preparations on MetaTrader side

      The assembly code is ready. Let's move on to the terminal and create a simple script there. It can be written like this (part of the code at the beginning is skipped):

      #import "WorkWithPeople.dll"
      
      
      void OnStart()
        {
         string scr = "scr.gif";
         string fl = TerminalInfoString(TERMINAL_DATA_PATH) + "\\MQL5\\Files\\";
         ChartScreenShot(0, scr, 800, 600);  
         Run::Initialize("e:\\Forex\\RoboForex MT5 Demo\\MQL5\\Libraries\\WorkWithPeople\\" ,"Forex" ,"ХХХХХХ@gmail.com" ,"WorkWithPeople" );
         Run::AddAttachment(fl + scr);
         int res = Run::DoWork("some subj" ,
                               "Very big body" ,
                                false );
         Print("result: ", res);   
        }

      The code is quite obvious. Import the assembly. The first thing we do is initialize it, add the previously made screenshot and perform the mailing. The complete code can be found in the attached file google_test1.mq5.

      Another example is an indicator working on M5 and sending an email with a screenshot every time a new candle is detected:

      #import "WorkWithPeople.dll"
      
      input string scr="scr.gif";
      
      string fp;
      
      int OnInit()
        {
         fp=TerminalInfoString(TERMINAL_DATA_PATH)+"\\MQL5\\Files\\";
         Run::Initialize("e:\\Forex\\RoboForex MT5 Demo\\MQL5\\Libraries\\WorkWithPeople\\","Forex","0ndrei1960@gmail.com","WorkWithPeople");
      
         return(INIT_SUCCEEDED);
        }
      
      int OnCalculate(const int rates_total,
                      const int prev_calculated,
                      const datetime &time[],
                      const double &open[],
                      const double &high[],
                      const double &low[],
                      const double &close[],
                      const long &tick_volume[],
                      const long &volume[],
                      const int &spread[])
        {
         if(IsNewCandle()) 
           {
            ChartScreenShot(0,scr,800,600);
            Run::AddAttachment(fp+scr);
            string body="Time: "+TimeToString(TimeLocal());
            int res=Run::DoWork("some subj",body,false);
            Print(body);
           }
         return(rates_total);  
        }
      

      The complete code of the indicator can be found in the attached file google_test2.mq5. It is very simple, so no further comments are required for it.

      Conclusion

      Let's have a look at the results. We analyzed using Google contacts for interacting with partners, as well as the method of integrating assemblies with the terminal allowing users to avoid cluttering folders with unnecessary files. The assembly code efficiency is worth mentioning as well. We have not focused enough attention on this issue here but it is possible to offer a set of activities to address it:

      • Divide the objectives of authorizing in Google and sending emails. Engage in authorization in a separate thread by a timer.
      • Try using a thread pool for sending emails.
      • Use asynchronous tools for "heavy" coding of email attachments.

      This does not mean you should use all these methods but their use may increase performance and allow applying the resulting assembly both with MetaTrader and independently as a part of a separate process.

      In conclusion, let's get back to the issue of using MQL tools for solving this task. Is it possible? According to the Google documentation, the answer is yes. It is possible to achieve the same results using GET/POST requests, and the appropriate examples are available. Therefore, it is possible to use the regular WebRequest. The feasibility of this method is still a matter of argument. Due to a very large number of requests, it would be quite difficult to write, debug and maintain such a code.

      Programs used in the article

       # Name
      Type
       Description
      1 google_test1.mq5
      Script
      The script making a screenshot and sending it to several addresses.
      2
      google_test1.mq5 Indicator
      The sample indicator sending an email at each new candle
      3 google.zip Archive The assembly and test console application project.

      Translated from Russian by MetaQuotes Software Corp.
      Original article: https://www.mql5.com/ru/articles/6975

      Attached files |
      google_test1.mq5 (0.95 KB)
      google_test2.mq5 (2.76 KB)
      google.zip (12.71 KB)
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