2015.12.10 14:09

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In mathematics, the value of the derivative is calculated according to the following simple formula:

, (1)

Where:

*x0*— current value of the argument,*x*— value of the argument to the right of the chart,*f(x0)*— value of the function at point*x0*,*f(x)*— value of the function at point*х*.

In the original definition the difference between *x* and *x0* is infinitesimal, i.e. the limit of the function is used. Using the formula (1), it is possible to calculate the approximate value of the derivative using the function values, avoiding direct differentiation.

Regarding the price chart, *x0* is the current bar, and *x* is the upcoming bar, which will be formed after a number of chart periods. Respectively, *f(x0)* is the price value on the current bar, and *f(x)* is the price value of the upcoming bar. We find that (1) contains two unknowns — *f(x0)* and *f(x)*. Since we do not have additional expressions which contain the same two unknowns, the solution of equation (1) in this case is absent.

Known values must be taken as *f(x)* and *f(x0)* to make it possible to find the derivative *f'(x0)*. For that purpose, it is necessary to take a point to the left of the current bar as *x0*, and to designate the current bar as *x*. As a result,* **f(x0)* and *f(x)* become certain values (prices at points *x* and *x0* correspond to the price values visible on the chart).

Although, the calculated value will characterize an area already known to a trader, in which the price growth or fall can be judged without the help of the derivative. In this case the useful information is not just the value of the derivative, but the comparison of two values of the derivative at adjacent bars. In case the signs of the calculated values are different the price had passed an extremum. The type of the extremum can be easily determined using the combination of signs: transition from a negative value to a positive value is minimum, positive to negative — maximum.

The described principle of calculation of a derivative is implemented in the Derivative indicator. As a result, it displays the difference of prices between the examined bar and the bar spaced from the examined one by a number of bars set in the "Delay" parameter.

The easiest way to use the indicator is this: the line crosses the zero level from below — you should buy, from above — you should sell.

Translated from Russian by MetaQuotes Software Corp.

Original code: https://www.mql5.com/ru/code/13785

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