Press review - page 409

Sergey Golubev
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Sergey Golubev  

AUD/USD Intra-Day Fundamentals: RBA Monetary Policy Meeting Minutes and 23 pips price movement

2016-06-21 01:30 GMT | [AUD - Monetary Policy Meeting Minutes]

[AUD - Monetary Policy Meeting Minutes] = Detailed record of the RBA Reserve Bank Board's most recent meeting, providing in-depth insights into the economic conditions that influenced their decision on where to set interest rates.

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The members of the Reserve Bank of Australia's monetary policy board said that low inflation allowed them to keep the nation's benchmark lending rate steady at a record low.
  • "Short-term measures of inflation expectations - from consumers, market economists, union officials and inflation swaps - had remained below average. Long-term inflation expectations had also remained below average."
  • "Growth over the year had increased to be a bit above estimates of potential growth, reflecting a stronger expansion in non-mining activity. This was being supported by low interest rates and the depreciation of the exchange rate since 2013."
  • "Following the reduction in the cash rate in May, the board judged that leaving the stance of monetary policy unchanged at this meeting would be consistent with sustainable growth in the economy and inflation returning to target over time."

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AUD/USD M5: 23 pips price movement by RBA Monetary Policy Meeting Minutes news event


Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113440
Sergey Golubev  

EUR/USD: Targets on Brexit or Bremain (adapted from the article)

Brexit
"EUR to quickly follow GBP lower on Brexit: we believe that a sharp fall in GBP under Brexit could quickly spill-over to a similar-sized sell-off in EUR/USD and which could see parity tested within days of a Brexit referendum outcome."

Bremain
"Dual EUR/USD upside from ‘Remain’ but still a range trade: under our continued, albeit not high-conviction, assumption that the UK elects to say in the EU, global risk sentiment will undoubtedly improve. We would judge that EUR/USD should recoup part of the ground lost since early May when EUR/USD briefly traded above 1.16."

Daily price is located above 200 SMA and near-above 100 SMA in the primary bullish area of the chart: the price is on ranging within the following key s/r levels:

  • 1.1097 support level located near 200 SMA on the border between the primary bearish and the primary bullish trend on the chart, and
  • 1.1414 resistance level located above 200 SMA in the primary bullish area.


If the price breaks 1.1097 support level to below on daily close bar so the reversal of the price movement from the primary bullish to the primary bearish market condition will be started.
If the price breaks 1.1414 resistance level to above on daily close bar so the primary bullish trend will be continuing up to 1.1615 level as a possible bullish target.
If not so the price will be on bullish rabnging within the levels.

EUR/USD: Parity on Brexit; Still 1.10-1.15 on Bremain
EUR/USD: Parity on Brexit; Still 1.10-1.15 on Bremain
  • 2016.06.21
  • Yohay Elam
  • www.forexcrunch.com
The pound is not alone in its reactions to the British EU Referendum. After all, it’s the EU and the euro-zone at stake here. The team at NAB have clear opinions on the potential outcomes: Here is their view, courtesy of eFXnews: EUR to quickly follow GBP lower on Brexit: While market focus has been on the extent to which Sterling would be...
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113440
Sergey Golubev  

DAX Index Technical Analysis: daily breakout with possible bullish reversal (based on the article)

  • "The three-day rally pushed the DAX all the way back to a full neck-line retest of the multi-month H&S formation it broke down from last week. It could soon turn lower from here as a successful retest, but given event risk we will stand aside at this time even if momentum shifts lower and presents an attractive opportunity to enter. Regardless of the outcome, if the DAX moves much higher from here, the H&S formation will be reconfiguring itself, and while the market may still have a bearish stance once the dust settles (lower highs, lower lows from the April high), we may need to operate under a different set of technical constructs."
  • "From a simple support and resistance standpoint, there are several intersecting lines of resistance in the ~10000/100 vicinity; H&S neckline, under-side of the Feb 11 t-line, multi-month horizontal resistance, and the underside of the 2011 t-line (a little higher)."
  • "The 'macro-tech' outlook remains intact; the period from February to April is viewed as a bounce within the broader downward channel off the 2015 highs, with price action since the April high beginning a new leg lower. Until we see the channel broken on the weekly chart, risk remains skewed to the downside."

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Daily price was on breakdown for Ichimoku cloud to be crossed to below for the bearish reversal. For now, the price was bounced from 9,420.0 support level to above for the breakout with the Ichimoku cloud to be crossed to above for the price to be reversed back to the bullish market condition.

If D1 price will break 10,213.5 resistance level on close daily bar from below to above so the bullish trend will be continuing.
If not so the price will be on bearish ranging within the levels.


SUMMARY : breakout

TREND : possible bullish reversal
DAX: Snap-back Rally Brings Familiar Resistance Zone Back into Play
DAX: Snap-back Rally Brings Familiar Resistance Zone Back into Play
  • DailyFX
  • www.dailyfx.com
DAX swiftly takes out 9730/815 resistance, now testing larger area of resistance Broader construct still bearish, but… We will stand aside in the short-term until the 'Brexit’ vote is in the rear-view mirror Yesterday, the DAX tacked on over 3% in response to the upswing for the "UK to Remain" campaign over the weekend; the outsized gains...
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113440
Sergey Golubev  

EUR/USD Intra-Day Fundamentals: Fed Chair Yellen Testifies and 34 pips price movement

2016-06-21 14:00 GMT | [USD - Fed Chair Yellen Testifies]

[USD - Fed Chair Yellen Testifies] = Testify on the Semiannual Monetary Policy Report before the Senate Banking Committee, in Washington DC.

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The Washington Post:

"Yellen is scheduled to testify before the Senate Banking Committee on Tuesday morning. In prepared remarks, she acknowledged that hiring has dropped off sharply in recent months but also pointed to early signs that wages are beginning to rise after years of stagnation. She said she is “optimistic” that the progress in employment will continue."

"The Fed is responsible for charting the course for the nation’s economy, with the dual mission to keep prices stable and strengthen employment. It does that by adjusting the influential federal funds rate. A higher rate helps curb inflation by making borrowing money more expensive, which discourages spending and investment and reins in economic growth. A lower rate means that money is cheap, stimulating purchases by households and businesses. That helps boost employment and speeds up the economy."

"Because rates are already so low, the Fed has limited room to reduce them further if the economy were to weaken, she said. Moving gradually also gives the central bank time to assess whether its forecast of continued economic improvement will come true."

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EUR/USD M5: 34 pips price movement by Fed Chair Yellen Testifies news event


FRB: Testimony--Yellen, Semiannual Monetary Policy Report to the Congress--June 21, 2016
  • www.federalreserve.gov
June 21, 2016  Watch live Chairman Shelby, Ranking Member Brown, and other members of the Committee, I am pleased to present the Federal Reserve's semiannual Monetary Policy Report to the Congress. In my remarks today, I will briefly discuss the current economic situation and outlook before turning to monetary policy. Current Economic Situation...
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113440
Sergey Golubev  

Forum on trading, automated trading systems and testing trading strategies

Press review

Sergey Golubev, 2013.07.31 18:54

The Basics of Forex Leveraging :

Leverage in trading simply refers to the ability to increase the size of your trade or investment by using credit from a broker. When trading using leverage, you are effectively borrowing from your broker, while the funds in your account act as collateral. This collateral is referred to as margin.

The amount of leverage available is based on the margin requirement of the broker. Margin requirement is usually shown as a percentage, while leverage is expressed as a ratio. For example, a broker might require a minimum margin level of 2%. This means that the customer must have at least 2% of the total value of an intended trade available in cash before opening the position. A 2% margin requirement is equivalent to a 50:1 leverage ratio. In practical terms, using 50:1 leverage, having $1,000 in your account would allow you to trade up to $50,000 worth of a given financial instrument. At a 50:1 leverage, a 2% loss in the instrument traded completely wipes out a fully leveraged account. Conversely, a 2% gain doubles the account.

Leverage by Market and Instrument

Leverage available differs substantially depending on what market you are trading and from which country you are based. For example, the degree of leverage available for trading stocks is relatively low. In the United States, investors typically have access to 2:1 leverage for trading equities, a margin level of 50%.

The futures market offers much higher degrees of leverage, such as 25:1 or 30:1, depending on the contract traded.

The leverage available in the forex market is higher still at 50:1 in the U.S. and as high as 400:1 offered by brokers internationally.

Leverage in Forex Trading

High leverage availability, coupled with a relatively low minimum balance to open an account, has added to the allure of the forex market to retail traders. However, excessive use of leverage is often and correctly cited as the primary reason for traders blowing out their accounts.

The danger that extreme leverage poses to investors has been recognized and acted on by the U.S. regulatory bodies, which have created restrictions on the amount of leverage available in forex trading. In August 2010, the Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) released final rules for retail foreign exchange transactions, limiting leverage available to retail forex traders to 50:1 on major currency pairs and 20:1 for all others.

As of 2013, brokers outside the U.S. continue to offer leverage of 400:1 and higher.

Examples of Leveraged Trades in the Forex Market

In our first example, we'll assume the use of 100:1 leverage

In this case, to trade a standard $100K lot you would need to have margin of $1K in your account. If, for example, you make a trade to buy 1 standard lot of USD/CAD at 1.0310 and price moves up 1% (103 pips) to 1.0413, you would see a 100% increase in your account. Conversely, a 1% drop with a standard 100K lot would cause a 100% loss in your account.

Next, let's assume you are trading with 50:1 leverage and 1 standard $100K lot. This would require you to have margin of $2K (2% of 100K).

In this case, if you buy 1 standard lot of USD/CAD at 1.0310 and price moves up 1% to 1.0413, you would see a 50% increase in your account, while a 1% drop with a standard 100K lot would equal a 50% loss in your account.

Consider here that 1% moves are not uncommon and can even happen in a matter of minutes, especially after major economic releases. It could only take one or two losing trades using the leverage described in the examples above to wipe out an account. While it's exciting to entertain the possibility of a 50% or 100% increase in your account in a single trade, the odds of success over time using this degree of leverage are extremely slim. Successful professional traders often suffer a string of multiple losing trades but are able to continue trading because they are properly capitalized and not overleveraged.

Let's now assume a lower leverage of 5:1. To trade a standard $100K lot at this leverage would require margin of $20K. An adverse 1% move in the market in this case would cause a far more manageable 5% loss.

Fortunately, micro lots enable traders to use lower leverage levels such as 5:1 with smaller accounts. A micro lot is equivalent to a contract for 1,000 units of the base currency. Micro lots allow flexibility and create a good opportunity for beginning traders, or traders starting with smaller account balances, to trade with lower leverage.

Margin Calls

When you enter a trade, your broker will keep track of your account's Net Asset Value (NAV). If the market moves against you and your account value falls below the minimum maintenance margin, you may receive a margin call. In such an event, you could receive a request to add funds to your account, or your positions could simply be flattened automatically by the broker to prevent further losses.

The Use of Leverage and Money Management

The use of extreme leverage is fundamentally antithetical to the conventional wisdom on money management in trading.

Among the widely accepted tenets on money management are to keep leverage levels low, to use stops and to never risk more than 1-2% of your account on any one trade

The Bottom Line

Data disclosed by the largest foreign-exchange brokerages as part of the Dodd-Frank financial reform legislation has shown that a majority of retail customers lose money trading. A substantial if not leading cause is the misuse of leverage.

However, leverage has key benefits, providing the trader with greater flexibility and capital efficiency. The absence of commissions, tight spreads and available leverage are certainly beneficial to active forex traders, creating trading opportunities not available in other markets.


Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113440
Sergey Golubev  

Crude Oil Price Trades Higher for 3rd Consecutive Session (adapted from the article)

  • "WTI Crude Oil prices are currently set to close higher for the third consecutive trading session. This bounce in price occurred immediately after Crude Oil traded to a new monthly low last week at a price of $45.81. If this rally is set to continue, traders will look for Crude Oil to move on short-term values of resistance, before challenging the June 2016 high at $51.64."
  • "Key value of resistance sits at $49.41. This price level is represented in the graph above as a 61.8% Fibonacci retracement, which is found between the Junes high and low mentioned previously. If prices remain under resistance, it suggests that the measured move mentioned in last week’s article may still be valid. Alternatively, if prices break above this short-term point of resistance, it opens up Crude Oil to continue its 2016 uptrend. At which point traders may look for Crude Oil prices to challenge fresh yearly highs."

Crude Oil price is on trading higher for the 4th day: intra-day H4 price was started with breakout by 200 SMA crossing to above for the intra-day bullish market condition.



If the price breaks 51.07 resistance level on close H4 bar so the primary bullish trend will be continuing on H4 timeframe.
If the price breaks 49.45 support level to below on close bar so the intra-day bearish trend will be resumed.
If not so the price will be on ranging within the levels.

Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113440
Sergey Golubev  

Trading News Events: Canada Retail Sales (adapted from the article)


  • "A 0.8% rebound in Canada Retail Sales may heighten the appeal of the loonie and spark a near-term decline in USD/CAD as it boosts the outlook for growth and inflation."
  • "The Bank of Canada (BoC) may largely endorse a wait-and-see approach throughout the remainder of the year as Governor Stephen Poloz turns upbeat towards the economy, and the central bank may gradually move away from its easing cycle after implementing the ‘insurance’ rate-cuts in 2015."
  • "Canada Retail Sales slumped 1.0% in March after expanding a revised 0.6% during the previous month. A deeper look at the report showed demand for furniture & home furnishings declined 3.7% to lead the decline, with food & beverage sales contracting 0.4%, while discretionary spending on clothing and accessories increased 0.8% during the same period. The Canadian dollar struggled to hold its ground following the weak consumption report, with USD/CAD climbing above the 1.3100 handle to end the day at 1.3107."

H4 price is on ranging below 200 SMA on the bearish area of the chart within the narrow support/resistance level such as the following:

  • 1.2761 support level located below 200 SMA in the bearish area of the chart, and
  • 50.0% Fibo resistance level at 1.2923 located near 200 SMA on the border between the primary bearish and the primary bullish trend.

Ascending triangle pattern was formed by the price to be crossed for the local uptrend as the secondary rally to be started in the near future.

  • If the price will break 1.2923 resistance level on close H4 bar so we may see the bullish trend to be started on this timeframe.
  • If price will break 1.2761 support so the bearish trend will be continuing.
  • If not so the price will be ranging within the levels.
Resistance
Support
1.29231.2761
1.3085
N/A


SUMMARY : ranging

TREND : bearish

Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113440
Sergey Golubev  

USD/CAD Intra-Day Fundamentals: Canada Retail Sales and 34 pips price movement

2016-06-22 12:30 GMT | [CAD - Retail Sales]

if actual > forecast (or previous one) = good for currency (for CAD in our case)

[CAD - Retail Sales] = Change in the total value of sales at the retail level.

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  • "The members of the Reserve Bank of Australia's monetary policy board said that low inflation allowed them to keep the nation's benchmark lending rate steady at a record low. Following a 0.8% decline in March, retail sales rose 0.9% to $44.3 billion in April. Sales were up in 7 of 11 subsectors, representing 64% of total retail sales."
  • "Higher sales at gasoline stations were the main contributor to the gain. Excluding sales at gasoline stations, retail sales advanced 0.4%."
  • "After removing the effects of price changes, particularly higher gasoline prices, retail sales in volume terms were relatively flat in April."

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USD/CAD M5: 34 pips price movement by Canada Retail Sales news event


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USD/CAD M5: the price is on bearish breakdown by breaking key support levels together with descending triangle pattern to below for the intra-day bearish trend to be continuing.
If the price breaks 1.2741 support level to below on close M5 bar so the bearish breakdown will be continuing, otherwise - ranging bearish.


Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113440
Sergey Golubev  

EUR/USD Intra-Day Fundamentals: Fed Chair Yellen Testifies and 23 pips price movement

2016-06-22 14:00 GMT | [USD - Fed Chair Yellen Testifies]

[USD - Fed Chair Yellen Testifies] = Testify on the Semiannual Monetary Policy Report before the House Financial Services Committee, in Washington DC.

==========

From barchart article review:
  • "The British pound firmed in the overnight trade, as Britain’s referendum on European Union membership remains too close to call."
  • "While the uncertainties of the U.K. referendum appear to be a short term negative for the U.K. economic situation, some analysts believe leaving the European Union will actually be a long term positive."
  • "The Canadian dollar and the Australian dollar are higher due to higher crude oil prices. In addition, the Canadian dollar is being supported by news that Canadian retail sales rose .9% in April. The median estimate called for an increase of .8%."

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EUR/USD M5: 23 pips price movement by Fed Chair Yellen Testifies news event


Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113440
Sergey Golubev  

U.S. Commercial Crude Oil Inventories news event: bullish ranging above bearish reversal

2016-05-25 14:30 GMT | [USD - Crude Oil Inventories]

[USD - Crude Oil Inventories] = Change in the number of barrels of crude oil held in inventory by commercial firms during the past week.

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"U.S. commercial crude oil inventories (excluding those in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve) decreased by 0.9 million barrels from the previous week."

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Crude Oil M5: intra-day bearish breakdown. The price is on ranging to be above 200 period SMA within 49.65 resistance and 49.14 support levels.

If the price breaks 51.05 resistance level so the reversal of the M5 price movement from the primary bearish to the primary bullish market condition will be started.
If the price breaks 50.35 support so the intra-day primary bearish trend will be continuing.
If not so the price will be on ranging within the levels.



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Crude Oil Daily: bullish ranging within key narrow levels. The price is located to be above 100 SMA/200 SMA reversal area in the bullish market condition: price is on ranging within 52.82 resistance level and 46.92 support level.



If the price breaks 52.82 resistance on close daily bar so the primary bullish trend will be continuing.
if the price breaks 46.92 support level on close daily bar so the local downtrend as a secondary correction within the primary bullish trend will be started.
If not so the price will be on bullish ranging within the levels.