Chinas economy picked up steam in August, as demand rebounded on higher government spending and a year-long credit and property boom. China’s August activity data which came in stronger than expected, following a set of weak data points in July suggest that China’s economy is stabilizing.
Data released on Tuesday showed that Chinas industrial production and retail sales gained 6.3 percent y/y and 10.6 percent respectively in August, compared with 6.0 percent and 10.2 percent in July. Meanwhile, fixed asset investment grew 8.1 percent y/y year-to-date (YTD) in August, unchanged from last reading.
Details of the report showed that private investment remained at a new record low, gaining 2.1 percent y/y YTD in August, while the investment from state-owned enterprises remained strong at 21.4 percent y/y YTD. Increased spending in the public sectors reflects the government’s effort to stabilize the economy. Property investment rose 6.2 percent year-on-year, substantially above the 1.4 percent increase seen in July.
"Today’s data suggest that the downside risk of Q3 GDP has significantly reduced. Recent data, including the August PMI and August exports (+5.9% y/y), suggest that growth momentum has stabilised in Q3. If momentum holds up, China’s GDP could maintain a growth rate of 6.6-6.7% in Q3, from 6.7% in Q2." said ANZ in a report.
The rebound in today’s numbers is in line with that seen in recent data releases. Chinas official manufacturing PMI came in 50.4 in August, marking the fastest improvement in conditions since October 2014. Trade data for August also impressed, particularly for imports which grew in year-on-year terms for the first time in 22 months.
Amidst positive data, private investment remained at a new record low, gaining 2.1 percent y/y YTD in August, indicating that China’s economy still faces strong headwinds. That said, while economic activity in China has cooled this year, it now appears less at risk of a hard landing than feared in 2015. And with some stabilization seen in the Chinese economy, it seems the Peoples Bank of China (PBoC) has turned the focus to “risk control” for the time being.
In recent weeks, the PBoC has started to offer money via 14-day and 28-day
reverse repos, while controlling the liquidity injection via 7-day reverse
repos. This new tactics suggests that the central bank intends to contain the
leverage ratio in bond trading activities. However, it will be also dangerous to
conduct a rapid deleveraging in the bond market and Chinese authorities are
likely to tread softly.