Press review - page 468

Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

USD/CNH Q1 2017 Forecast (based on the article)



Dollar to Chinese Yuan forecast for January 2017.
"The forecast for beginning of January 6.94. Maximum rate 7.19, while minimum 6.91. Averaged rate for month 7.02. The exchange rate at the end 7.05, change for January 1.59%."

Dollar to Chinese Yuan forecast for February 2017.
"The forecast for beginning of February 7.05. Maximum rate 7.18, while minimum 6.90. Averaged rate for month 7.04. The exchange rate at the end 7.04, change for February -0.14%."

Dollar to Chinese Yuan forecast for March 2017.
"The forecast for beginning of March 7.04. Maximum rate 7.22, while minimum 6.94. Averaged rate for month 7.07. The exchange rate at the end 7.08, change for March 0.57%."

Chinese Yuan Forecast (USD CNY) For 2016 and 2017 - Long Forecast
  • longforecast.com
1 Dollar in Yuans. USD to CNY forecast for December 2016. The forecast for beginning of December 6.88. Maximum rate 7.08, while minimum 6.80. Averaged rate for month 6.93. The exchange rate at the end 6.94, change for December 0.87%. Dollar to Chinese Yuan forecast for January 2017. The forecast for beginning of January 6.94. Maximum rate 7.19...
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

Does Your Trading Psychology Have A Dark Side? (based on the article)

"Having worked with highly skilled traders of financial markets at a variety of money management organizations, I've noticed one distinctive marker of success: the great traders leverage one or more great strengths in their personalities and in their information processing. Those strengths differ from one exemplary money manager to another, but in each case some distinctive strength is evident."

"We recognize our strengths in our passions. It is intrinsically rewarding to exercise competencies, and so we are drawn to activities that leverage our distinctive strengths. This intrinsic interest keeps us involved in activities despite inevitable setbacks, accelerating our learning curves. It is impossible to sustain the many hours of deliberate practice needed to achieve expertise in a domain without deep, intrinsic motivation. Success results from channeling the best within us." 

Consider a few examples

  • "A prudent trader who avoids large drawdowns and produces superior risk-adjusted returns has difficulty taking greater risk on solid opportunities and underutilizes his or her capital."
  • "An aggressive risk taker who can pounce on meaningful market opportunities easily becomes overconfident and takes unusually large losses periodically."
  • "A trader whose passion for markets extends to preparation before and after market hours fails to notice the needs of spouse and family, creating significant tension in the home."
  • "A very disciplined trader who is excellent at following rules and processes finds it difficult to adapt to changed market conditions and continues doing what is no longer working."
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

True Leverage (based on the article)

What is Leverage in Forex?

Leverage is your total maximum possible borrowing ratio.

What is Margin in Forex?

Margin is the minimum cash deposit required by the broker to cover any open trades. It is sometimes expressed as a percentage.

What is Position Size in Forex?

"Position size" is the quantity of what is being traded.

Risk of Margin Call

A "margin call" is when your broker tells you that you do not have sufficient funds in your account to cover all your liabilities.

--------------



Leverage in forex = Purchase Power/Capital Invested = $100,000/$1,000 = 100

True Leverage
  • Adam Lemon
  • www.dailyforex.com
The related subjects of leverage, margin and position sizing are not only widely misunderstood, they are also usually the key reasons why traders “blow up” their trading accounts. That’s why it is very important to make sure you understand the basics, which can be explained quickly and simply.
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

These Stocks Will Give You Massive Dividend Hikes In 2017 (based on the article)

Delta Air Lines 

  • "That’s not much to brag about that yield is just 1.6%. But Delta’s payout has soared 238% since the company started paying dividends in September 2013." 
  • "Is another big hike likely in 2017? All signs point to yes. The company is a free-cash-flow machine, generating $4.1 billion worth in the last 12 months alone, and just 9.8% of that went to dividend payments." 
Weekly price is located above Ichimoku cloud in the bullish area of the chart within the following support/resistance levels:

  • 52.76 resistance level located far above Ichimoku cloud, and
  • 46.60 support level.


If the price breaks 52.76 resistance to above so the bullish trend will be resumed.
If the price breaks 46.60 support level so the secondary correction will be started.
If not so the price will be on bullish ranging within the levels. 

Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

How To Invest In A Time Of Fake News (based on the article)

So, as investors, what do we need to do? 

Be selective

  • "Many securities now have added risks through the fake news uncertainties, so this is the time to avoid mega-thinking (e.g., buy regional banks) and passively managed index funds. Things might work out, but there is much to gain by focusing on potential winners that are less susceptible to external effects and risks, while ignoring all the rest."
  • "Winners" are defined as companies that have the elements needed to be independent and in control (mostly) of their destiny: (1) A strong brand, (2) unique products, (3) innovation/creative strengths, (4) broad popularity, (5) low price sensitivity and, most importantly, (6) highly skilled and successful management. Examples are: Apple, Starbucks, and Walt Disney."

Use actively managed funds

"Avoid index funds (both mutual funds and ETFs). Pay that extra fee for a well-managed mutual fund or closed-end fund."  

Avoid bonds

"Investing for a short-term use? Then, by all means, consider fixed-income securities with maturity dates matching the timing of your needs. Otherwise, avoid intermediate- and long-term bonds." 

What about preferred stocks? 

"The big risk in a rising rate environment is that they have no maturity date, meaning the price falls more than bonds with maturity dates." 

Cash is desirable

"Cash reserves in a time of high uncertainties and rising yields are important for successful investing and mental well-being."  

Finally, do not worry about taking a contrarian approach

"Being contrarian (at the right times) can earn big returns and prevent big losses. However, going against the popular grain often produces worry. The easy-to-say, hard-to-do advice is to ignore the worry. My way of doing so is to have confidence in strategies that are long on common sense and reject money-making or fear-based rationales that rely primarily on current events and ideas." 

Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

USD/JPY Intra-Day Technical Analysis - ranging on reversal (based on the article)

H1 price is located near and above SMA with period 200 (200 SMA) for the bouncing from 200 SMA value back to the primary bearish area of the chart. Bearish development retracement pattern is forming by the price for the bearish reversal to be started with 23.6% Fibo level at 117.53 to be crossed to below with 117.36 level as the nearest target to re-enter.

"The Japanese Yen has halted its decline against the USD as 2016 comes to a close. However, since September 21, when the Bank of Japan announced the significance Yield Curve Control policy or YCC, USD/JPY has now risen by as much as ~19.35% and could continue higher into 2017 given a recent message from Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga in a Nikkei News Interview. The interview from Shinzo Abe’s ‘right-hand’ turned focus on the FX market as one the most critical crisis managements for his post as Chief Cabinet Secretaryis the FX market. Specifically, his focus was on creating a stable financial and economic environment for Japanese corporations so they could borrow and grow within a stable environment." 

  • If the price breaks 117.73 resistance level so the bullish trend will be resumed.
  • If price breaks 23.6% Fibo level at 117.53 so the bearish reversal will be started.
  • If not so the price will be ranging within the levels.
Resistance
Support
117.73117.53
N/A
117.36


  • Recommendation to go short: watch the price to break 117.53 support level for possible sell trade
  • Recommendation to go long: watch the price to break 117.73 resistance level for possible buy trade
  • Trading Summary: ranging

SUMMARY: ranging

TREND: waiting for direction
USD/JPY Technical Analysis: Chart And Macro Themes Support USD/JPY
USD/JPY Technical Analysis: Chart And Macro Themes Support USD/JPY
  • DailyFX
  • www.dailyfx.com
The Japanese Yen has halted its decline against the USD as 2016 comes to a close. However, since September 21, when the Bank of Japan announced the significance Yield Curve Control policy or YCC, USD/JPY has the FX market. Specifically, his focus was on creating a stable financial and economic environment for Japanese corporations so they...
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

ECN and STP Forex Brokers (based on the article)

  • "ECN" stands for "Electronic Communications Network". ECN brokers construct and utilize such networks to match their client’s trade orders directly with other market participants, instead of operating dealing desks and taking the other sides of their clients’ trades."
  • "The unique selling point of ECN brokers is that they have no inherent conflict of interest with their clients. ECN brokers make a marginal profit every time their clients trade, unlike "market makers" / "dealing desk" model brokers who make greater profits when their clients lose as they are taking the other side of the trade."
  • "ECN brokers typically charge both a spread and a commission which is usually a percentage of the trade size. Therefore, although their spreads are mostly considerably lower than those offered by market makers, the total cost per trade may not be very different between high-quality brokers of both types."
  • "ECN brokers usually require considerably higher minimum deposits than market maker / dealing desk brokers, meaning that smaller clients may find ECN brokerage services unavailable to them."
  • "During periods of low liquidity or news shocks, trading through a market maker / dealing desk broker may be less prone to negative outcomes such as slippage and slow execution."
ECN and STP Forex Brokers Infographic | DailyForex
  • DailyForex.com Team
  • www.dailyforex.com
“ECN” stands for “Electronic Communications Network”. ECN brokers construct and utilize such networks to match their client’s trade orders directly with other market participants, instead of operating dealing desks and taking the other sides of their clients’ trades.
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

Forum on trading, automated trading systems and testing trading strategies

Press review

Sergey Golubev, 2013.07.01 07:19

Just next educational article about ECN and so on - Market Makers Vs. Electronic Communications Networks

===============



The foreign exchange market (forex or FX) is an unregulated global market in which trading does not occur on an exchange and does not have a physical address of doing business. Unlike equities, which are traded through exchanges worldwide, such as the New York Stock Exchange or the London Stock Exchange, foreign exchange transactions take place over-the-counter (OTC) between agreeable buyers and sellers from all over the world. This network of market participants is not centralized, therefore, the exchange rate of any currency pair at any one time can vary from one broker to another.

How Market Makers Work

Market makers "make" or set both the bid and the ask prices on their systems and display them publicly on their quote screens. They stand prepared to make transactions at these prices with their customers, who range from banks to retail forex traders. In doing this, market makers provide some liquidity to the market. As counterparties to each forex transaction in terms of pricing, market makers must take the opposite side of your trade. In other words, whenever you sell, they must buy from you, and vice versa.

The exchange rates that market makers set, are based on their own best interests. On paper, the way they generate profits for the company through their market-making activities, is with the spread that is charged to their customers. The spread is the difference between the bid and the ask price, and is often fixed by each market maker. Usually, spreads are kept fairly reasonable as a result of the stiff competition between numerous market makers. As counterparties, many of them will then try to hedge, or cover, your order by passing it on to someone else. There are also times in which market makers may decide to hold your order and trade against you.

There are two main types of market makers: retail and institutional. Institutional market makers can be banks or other large corporations that usually offer a bid/ask quote to other banks, institutions, ECNs or even retail market makers. Retail market makers are usually companies dedicated to offering retail forex trading services to individual traders.

Pros:

  • The trading platform usually comes with free charting software and news feeds. (For related reading, see Forex: Demo Before You Dive In.)
  • Some of them have more user-friendly trading platforms.
  • Currency price movements can be less volatile, compared to currency prices quoted on ECNs, although this can be a disadvantage to scalpers.


Cons:

  • Market makers can present a clear conflict of interest in order execution, because they may trade against you.
  • They may display worse bid/ask prices than what you could get from another market maker or ECN.
  • It is possible for market makers to manipulate currency prices to run their customers' stops or not let customers' trades reach profit objectives. Market makers may also move their currency quotes 10 to 15 pips away from other market rates.
  • A huge amount of slippage can occur when news is released. Market makers' quote display and order placing systems may also "freeze" during times of high market volatility.
  • Many market makers frown on scalping practices and have a tendency to put scalpers on "manual execution," which means their orders may not get filled at the prices they want.


How ECNs Work

ECNs pass on prices from multiple market participants, such as banks and market makers, as well as other traders connected to the ECN, and display the best bid/ask quotes on their trading platforms based on these prices. ECN-type brokers also serve as counterparties to forex transactions, but they operate on a settlement, rather than pricing basis. Unlike fixed spreads, which are offered by some market makers, spreads of currency pairs vary on ECNs, depending on the pair's trading activities. During very active trading periods, you can sometimes get no ECN spread at all, particularly in very liquid currency pairs such as the majors (EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD and USD/CHF) and some currency crosses.

Electronic networks make money by charging customers a fixed commission for each transaction. Authentic ECNs do not play any role in making or setting prices, therefore, the risks of price manipulation are reduced for retail traders. (For more insight, see Direct Access Trading Systems.)

Just like with market makers, there are also two main types of ECNs: retail and institutional. Institutional ECNs relay the best bid/ask from many institutional market makers such as banks, to other banks and institutions such as hedge funds or large corporations. Retail ECNs, on the other hand, offer quotes from a few banks and other traders on the ECN to the retail trader.

Pros:

  • You can usually get better bid/ask prices because they are derived from several sources.
  • It is possible to trade on prices that have very little or no spread at certain times.
  • Genuine ECN brokers will not trade against you, as they will pass on your orders to a bank or another customer on the opposite side of the transaction.
  • Prices may be more volatile, which will be better for scalping purposes.
  • Since you are able to offer a price between the bid and ask, you can take on the role as a market maker to other traders on the ECN.


Cons:

  • Many of them do not offer integrated charting and news feeds.
  • Their trading platforms tend to be less user-friendly.
  • It may be more difficult to calculate stop-loss and breakeven points in pips in advance, because of variable spreads between the bid and the ask prices.
  • Traders have to pay commissions for each transaction.


The Bottom Line

The type of broker that you use can significantly impact your trading performance. If a broker does not execute your trades in a timely fashion at the price you want, what could have been a good trading opportunity can quickly turn into an unexpected loss; therefore, it is important that you carefully weigh the pros and cons of each broker before deciding which one to trade through.


Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

Dow Jones Industrial Average Intra-Day Technicals (based on the article)


"Based on the consolidation that began December 14, it does appear as though DJIA may dip slightly to finish the consolidation pattern. A dip appears poised to move towards 19,750-19,840. At this point, we do not think it will extend much, but could work its way back down towards 19,000-19,250. The medium term pattern does appear incomplete to the upside. Therefore, we anticipate the dips would be supported near one of the previously cited levels." 

  • "If price moves below 19,000 it may become an early warning signal that another pattern is at play and we will have to reassess the wave relationships. Below 18,600 we will abandon the pattern altogether."
  • "If prices are supported and move higher, the next level of wave relationships show up near 21,378. It would take a successful breakout above 20,000 for us to consider focusing on the higher level." 
Dow Jones Industrial Average Flirts with 20,000
Dow Jones Industrial Average Flirts with 20,000
  • DailyFX
  • www.dailyfx.com
As we uncover the last few days of 2016, Santa Claus not only came to town, but also seems to be extending his stay. Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) continues to flirt with the 20,000 mark reaching a high yesterday of 19,980. Trading volumes are light so it is possible volatile moves may not follow through for the next couple of days...
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
113342
Sergey Golubev  

Crude Oil Price Forecast: Early 2017 Volatility (based on the article)

 

  • "We are now trading at the top of a channel drawn with the same slope as the support that we had been focusing on throughout the 2016 rebound and into 2017 (rising trendline in black on the chart above) drawn from the first higher low off the rebound from the February low. While we remain Bullish due to fundamental and technical factors, there is a rising wedge pattern developing that should warrant attention."
  • "The rising wedge pattern has developed on the recent break into 17-month highs. Per the Daily Sentiment Index as of Wednesday’s close, the Crude market is composed of 75% Bulls, which remains well short of the 85% extreme Bullish sentiment reading that could mean there is a good deal more room to run in the market as 2017 gets underway. However, if the production cuts do not come to pass, it’s possible that the rising wedge could bring about a sharpsell-off that retraces (likely not all) of the recent 28% rally from the mid-November low."


"Should price fail to break the $50/51 support zone, we’ll expect an eventual move to the 2015 high in early 2017. Ichimoku also favors a Bullish continuation move."

Crude Oil Price Forecast: Early 2017 Volatility Pattern Arises
Crude Oil Price Forecast: Early 2017 Volatility Pattern Arises
  • DailyFX
  • www.dailyfx.com
out as we trade near 17-months highs and aggressively bullish options have risen. Naturally, the development of the OPEC and non-OPEC production cut accord in late November through mid-December was critical through this. However, we’re now a week away when the production cuts are going to above) drawn from the first higher low off the rebound...