How to start with MQL5 - page 4

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aodunusi
86
aodunusi  
Vladimir Karputov:

You need to redo the code: request data not from one bar, but from two. And check the condition not on one bar - but on two.

It was ( ):


Will be:

Thanks. Ive tried editing it but ive almost scattered the entire code. How can i edit this please to add the buy on next bar instead of immediately i.e either at close price of present candle or at new candle open price. Or even to tell it to check the last bar if conditions were met then trigger buy (dont think it would work well but what do i know)


 if (ask <= Highoo && ask >= low_value && ask<= 10500 )
   {
    if(IsNewCandle()){tradenow=1;}
      if(Allowed_position() < allowedposition && tradenow==1)
       if(rat_value[0] >= current_stoch_low_value && rat_value[0] <= current_stoch_high_value &&
          rat_value[1] >= prev_stoch_low_value   && rat_value[1] <= prev_stoch_high_value &&
          rsi_value[0] >= rsi_low_value           && rsi_value[0] <= rsi_high_value &&
          rsi_value[1] > rsi_value [0] )
      
          { if(trade.Buy(NormalizeDouble(lot_size, 2),NULL,ask,0,0,NULL))
             {
              ulong ticket = trade.ResultOrder();
              tradenow=0;
              set_tp(ticket);
             }
          
         }
Vladimir Karputov
Moderator
182454
Vladimir Karputov  
aodunusi:

Thanks. Ive tried editing it but ive almost scattered the entire code. How can i edit this please to add the buy on next bar instead of immediately i.e either at close price of present candle or at new candle open price. Or even to tell it to check the last bar if conditions were met then trigger buy (dont think it would work well but what do i know)


Your explanations are very confusing.  In such cases, I recommend drawing a picture.  In the picture, show the condition for the signal.
Vladimir Karputov
Moderator
182454
Vladimir Karputov  
aodunusi :

Thanks. Ive tried editing it but ive almost scattered the entire code. How can i edit this please to add the buy on next bar instead of immediately i.e either at close price of present candle or at new candle open price. Or even to tell it to check the last bar if conditions were met then trigger buy (dont think it would work well but what do i know)


iRSI simple advisor, version1.006

This is how the adviser works now: we check the signal ONLY AT THE MOMENT OF THE BIRTH OF A NEW BAR. The new bar has index # 0, we call the new bar "Current Bar". Example of a BUY signal: if the two previous bars (bar # 1 and bar # 2) are below the '30' line, this is a BUY signal:

iRSI simple advisor 1.006

Pic. 1. iRSI simple advisor, version1.006

The code:

//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert tick function                                             |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnTick()
  {
//--- we work only at the time of the birth of new bar
   datetime time_0=iTime(Symbol(),Period(),0);
   if(time_0==m_prev_bars)
      return;
   m_prev_bars=time_0;
//---
   double rsi_2=iRSIGet(2);
   double rsi_1=iRSIGet(1);
   if(rsi_2==EMPTY_VALUE || rsi_1==EMPTY_VALUE)
      return;
//---
   if(rsi_2>Inp_RSI_Level_UP && rsi_1>Inp_RSI_Level_UP)
      m_trade.Sell(1.0);
   else if(rsi_2<Inp_RSI_Level_DOWN && rsi_1<Inp_RSI_Level_DOWN)
      m_trade.Buy(1.0);
  }
aodunusi
86
aodunusi  
Vladimir Karputov:

iRSI simple advisor, version1.006

This is how the adviser works now: we check the signal ONLY AT THE MOMENT OF THE BIRTH OF A NEW BAR. The new bar has index # 0, we call the new bar "Current Bar". Example of a BUY signal: if the two previous bars (bar # 1 and bar # 2) are below the '30' line, this is a BUY signal:

Pic. 1. iRSI simple advisor, version1.006

The code:

Couldn't get it to work... This is the file for the EA, please help me look at it to understand me.

 I want it to check the current bar till the the parameters or conditions are met and once it is it it normally opens a buy but instead I want it to hold that request then trigger the buy on the new candle open or when the current candle ends (still the same thing)

Your EA is checking it bars after bars meaning each bar is showing the average, I'm checking every tick with my EA and once that tick in the current bar fulfils my conditions I want the buy to be triggered on the next bar.

Thanks for the help so far
aodunusi
86
aodunusi  
aodunusi:
Couldn't get it to work... This is the file for the EA, please help me look at it to understand me.

 I want it to check the current bar till the the parameters or conditions are met and once it is it it normally opens a buy but instead I want it to hold that request then trigger the buy on the new candle open or when the current candle ends (still the same thing)

Your EA is checking it bars after bars meaning each bar is showing the average, I'm checking every tick with my EA and once that tick in the current bar fulfils my conditions I 
The buy gets triggered immediately after the signal is received and the signal is usually slow, so I want to delay the buy from the current candle to the next candle after the condition has been met. I.E I am checking the ticks of the former candle and once my condition has been met, I want to delay or hold the buy or sell order to the next bar that opens or when the current bar closes (they are the same thing though)
Files:
Vladimir Karputov
Moderator
182454
Vladimir Karputov  
aodunusi :
Couldn't get it to work... This is the file for the EA, please help me look at it to understand me.

 I want it to check the current bar till the the parameters or conditions are met and once it is it it normally opens a buy but instead I want it to hold that request then trigger the buy on the new candle open or when the current candle ends (still the same thing)

Your EA is checking it bars after bars meaning each bar is showing the average, I'm checking every tick with my EA and once that tick in the current bar fulfils my conditions I want the buy to be triggered on the next bar.

Thanks for the help so far

iRSI simple advisor, version1.007

In this version: the signal is checked at each tick: as soon as the signal is received, we immediately stop the search for the signal and wait for a new bar. At the time of the birth of a new bar (if there is a saved signal), open a position.


//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|                                          iRSI simple advisor.mq5 |
//|                              Copyright © 2020, Vladimir Karputov |

//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
#property copyright "Copyright © 2020, Vladimir Karputov"

#property version   "1.007"
//---
#include <Trade\Trade.mqh>
CTrade         m_trade;                         // trading object
//--- input parameters
input int                  Inp_RSI_ma_period       = 14;          // RSI: averaging period
input ENUM_APPLIED_PRICE   Inp_RSI_applied_price   = PRICE_CLOSE; // RSI: type of price
input double               Inp_RSI_Level_UP        = 70;          // RSI Level UP
input double               Inp_RSI_Level_DOWN      = 30;          // RSI Level DOWN
//---
int      handle_iRSI;                           // variable for storing the handle of the iRSI indicator
datetime m_prev_bars                = 0;        // "0" -> D'1970.01.01 00:00';
int      m_signal                   = 0;        // "-1" -> SELL, "0" -> NONE, "1" ->BUY
bool     m_wait                     = false;
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert initialization function                                   |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnInit()
  {
//--- create handle of the indicator iRSI
   handle_iRSI=iRSI(Symbol(),Period(),Inp_RSI_ma_period,Inp_RSI_applied_price);
//--- if the handle is not created
   if(handle_iRSI==INVALID_HANDLE)
     {
      //--- tell about the failure and output the error code
      PrintFormat("Failed to create handle of the iRSI indicator for the symbol %s/%s, error code %d",
                  Symbol(),
                  EnumToString(Period()),
                  GetLastError());
      //--- the indicator is stopped early
      return(INIT_FAILED);
     }
//---
   return(INIT_SUCCEEDED);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert deinitialization function                                 |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnDeinit(const int reason)
  {
//---

  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert tick function                                             |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnTick()
  {
//---
   double rsi_0=iRSIGet(0);
   if(rsi_0==EMPTY_VALUE)
      return;
//--- we check the signal at each tick
   if(!m_wait)
     {
      if(rsi_0<Inp_RSI_Level_DOWN)
        {
         m_signal=1; // we remember the BUY signal
         m_wait=true;
        }
      else
        {
         if(rsi_0>Inp_RSI_Level_UP)
           {
            m_signal=-1; // we remember the SELL signal
            m_wait=true;
           }
        }
     }
//--- we work only at the time of the birth of new bar
   datetime time_0=iTime(Symbol(),Period(),0);
   if(time_0==m_prev_bars)
      return;
   m_prev_bars=time_0;

   if(m_signal==1)
      m_trade.Buy(1.0);
   else
      if(m_signal==-1)
         m_trade.Sell(1.0);
//--- we reset the signal
   if(m_signal!=0)
     {
      m_signal=0;
      m_wait=false;
     }
//---
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| TradeTransaction function                                        |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnTradeTransaction(const MqlTradeTransaction &trans,
                        const MqlTradeRequest &request,
                        const MqlTradeResult &result)
  {
//---
   int d=0;
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Get value of buffers for the iRSI                                |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
double iRSIGet(const int index)
  {
   double RSI[1];
//--- reset error code
   ResetLastError();
//--- fill a part of the iRSI array with values from the indicator buffer that has 0 index
   if(CopyBuffer(handle_iRSI,0,index,1,RSI)<0)
     {
      //--- if the copying fails, tell the error code
      PrintFormat("Failed to copy data from the iRSI indicator, error code %d",GetLastError());
      //--- quit with zero result - it means that the indicator is considered as not calculated
      return(EMPTY_VALUE);
     }
   return(RSI[0]);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
Files:
Vladimir Karputov
Moderator
182454
Vladimir Karputov  

Example CopyRates

The first form of calling CopyRates is used:

int  CopyRates(
   string           symbol_name,       // symbol name
   ENUM_TIMEFRAMES  timeframe,         // period
   int              start_pos,         // start position
   int              count,             // data count to copy
   MqlRates         rates_array[]      // target array to copy
   );


Please note that ArraySetAsSeries is applied to the ' rates ' array - in this case, rates [0] corresponds to the rightmost bar on the chart.

   MqlRates rates[];
   ArraySetAsSeries(rates,true);


The full code:

//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|                                            Example CopyRates.mq5 |
//|                              Copyright © 2020, Vladimir Karputov |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
#property copyright "Copyright © 2020, Vladimir Karputov"
#property version   "1.000"
//--- input parameters
input uchar InpCount = 9; // Data count to copy
//---
datetime m_prev_bars                = 0;        // "0" -> D'1970.01.01 00:00';
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert initialization function                                   |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnInit()
  {
//---

//---
   return(INIT_SUCCEEDED);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert deinitialization function                                 |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnDeinit(const int reason)
  {
//---

  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert tick function                                             |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnTick()
  {
//--- we work only at the time of the birth of new bar
   datetime time_0=iTime(Symbol(),Period(),0);
   if(time_0==m_prev_bars)
      return;
   m_prev_bars=time_0;

   MqlRates rates[];
   ArraySetAsSeries(rates,true);

   int start_pos=0,count=(InpCount<1 || InpCount>9)?9:InpCount;
   if(CopyRates(Symbol(),Period(),start_pos,count,rates)!=count)
     {
      m_prev_bars=0;
      return;
     }

   string text="";
   for(int i=count-1; i>=0; i--)
     {
      text=text+
           TimeToString(rates[i].time,TIME_DATE|TIME_SECONDS)+
           " Open "+DoubleToString(rates[i].open,Digits())+
           " High "+DoubleToString(rates[i].high,Digits())+
           " Low "+DoubleToString(rates[i].low,Digits())+
           " Close "+DoubleToString(rates[i].close,Digits())+"\n";
     }
   Comment(text);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+


Result:

Example CopyRates

Documentation on MQL5: Timeseries and Indicators Access / CopyRates
Documentation on MQL5: Timeseries and Indicators Access / CopyRates
  • www.mql5.com
Gets history data of MqlRates structure of a specified symbol-period in specified quantity into the rates_array array. The elements ordering of the copied data is from present to the past, i.e., starting position of 0 means the current bar. If you know the amount of data you need to copy, it should better be done to a statically allocated...
Files:
Vladimir Karputov
Moderator
182454
Vladimir Karputov  

Example: delete all pending orders of a certain type.

An example in the form of a script: in the input parameter ' Delete all: ' the type of a pending order is set and then the delete function 'DeleteOrders ' is called

//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|                                               Pending Delete.mq5 |
//|                              Copyright © 2020, Vladimir Karputov |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
#property copyright "Copyright © 2020, Vladimir Karputov"
#property version   "1.000"
//---
#include <Trade\Trade.mqh>
#include <Trade\OrderInfo.mqh>
//---
CTrade         m_trade;                      // object of CTrade class
COrderInfo     m_order;                      // object of COrderInfo class
//---
#property script_show_inputs
//---
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Enum Pending                                                     |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
enum ENUM_PENDING
  {
   buy_limit=2,   // Buy Limit
   sell_limit=3,  // Sell limit
   buy_stop=4,    // Buy Stop
   sell_stop=3,   // Sell Stop
  };
//--- input parameters
input ENUM_PENDING   InpPending  = buy_limit; // Delete all:
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Script program start function                                    |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnStart()
  {
//---
   DeleteOrders((ENUM_ORDER_TYPE)InpPending);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Delete Orders                                                    |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void DeleteOrders(const ENUM_ORDER_TYPE order_type)
  {
   for(int i=OrdersTotal()-1; i>=0; i--) // returns the number of current orders
      if(m_order.SelectByIndex(i))     // selects the pending order by index for further access to its properties
         if(m_order.OrderType()==order_type)
           {
            m_trade.OrderDelete(m_order.Ticket());
            continue;
           }
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+

this is the simplest example: there is no filter by symbol, there is no filter by Magic number, there is no verification of the minimum distance (level of freezing), and there is no cycle to guarantee deletion.

Files:
Vladimir Karputov
Moderator
182454
Vladimir Karputov  

Example: Calculate Positions and Pending Orders

Trade classes CPositionInfo and COrderInfo are used (Do not confuse current pending orders with positions, which are also displayed on the "Trade" tab of the "Toolbox" of the client terminal.)

The code:

//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|                       Calculate Positions and Pending Orders.mq5 |
//|                         Copyright © 2019-2020, Vladimir Karputov |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
#property copyright "Copyright © 2019-2020, Vladimir Karputov"
#property version   "1.001"
//---
#include <Trade\Trade.mqh>
#include <Trade\OrderInfo.mqh>
//---
CPositionInfo  m_position;                   // object of CPositionInfo class
COrderInfo     m_order;                      // object of COrderInfo class
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert initialization function                                   |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnInit()
  {
//---

//---
   return(INIT_SUCCEEDED);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert deinitialization function                                 |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnDeinit(const int reason)
  {
//---

  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Expert tick function                                             |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnTick()
  {
//---
   int buys=0,sells=0;
   int buy_limits=0,sell_limits=0,buy_stops=0,sell_stops=0;

   CalculateAllPositions(buys,sells);
   CalculateAllPendingOrders(buy_limits,sell_limits,buy_stops,sell_stops);

   string text="BUY: "+IntegerToString(buys)+", SELL: "+IntegerToString(sells)+"\n"+
               "Buy limits "+IntegerToString(buy_limits)+", Sell limits "+IntegerToString(sell_limits)+
               ", Buy stops "+IntegerToString(buy_stops)+", Sell stops "+IntegerToString(sell_stops);
   Comment(text);
//---
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Calculate all positions Buy and Sell                             |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void CalculateAllPositions(int &count_buys,int &count_sells)
  {
   count_buys=0;
   count_sells=0;

   for(int i=PositionsTotal()-1; i>=0; i--)
      if(m_position.SelectByIndex(i)) // selects the position by index for further access to its properties
         //if(m_position.Symbol()==m_symbol.Name() && m_position.Magic()==InpMagic)
        {
         if(m_position.PositionType()==POSITION_TYPE_BUY)
            count_buys++;

         if(m_position.PositionType()==POSITION_TYPE_SELL)
            count_sells++;
        }
//---
   return;
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Calculate all pending orders                                     |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void CalculateAllPendingOrders(int &count_buy_limits,int &count_sell_limits,int &count_buy_stops,int &count_sell_stops)
  {
   count_buy_limits  = 0;
   count_sell_limits = 0;
   count_buy_stops   = 0;
   count_sell_stops  = 0;

   for(int i=OrdersTotal()-1; i>=0; i--) // returns the number of current orders
      if(m_order.SelectByIndex(i))     // selects the pending order by index for further access to its properties
         //if(m_order.Symbol()==m_symbol.Name() && m_order.Magic()==InpMagic)
        {
         if(m_order.OrderType()==ORDER_TYPE_BUY_LIMIT)
            count_buy_limits++;
         else
            if(m_order.OrderType()==ORDER_TYPE_SELL_LIMIT)
               count_sell_limits++;
            else
               if(m_order.OrderType()==ORDER_TYPE_BUY_STOP)
                  count_buy_stops++;
               else
                  if(m_order.OrderType()==ORDER_TYPE_SELL_STOP)
                     count_sell_stops++;
        }
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
Documentation on MQL5: Standard Library / Trade Classes / CPositionInfo
Documentation on MQL5: Standard Library / Trade Classes / CPositionInfo
  • www.mql5.com
Standard Library / Trade Classes / CPositionInfo - Reference on algorithmic/automated trading language for MetaTrader 5
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