Please help for the "array out of range" error

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OzanK
70
OzanK  

Hi ...


My code is the following ... and I'm getting an error saying that "array out of range in '1.mq5' (66,33)" 

It is the hand-numbered row in the code.

How can I correct this error?


Thanks a lot.


//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|                                                            1.mq5 |
//|                        Copyright 2015, MetaQuotes Software Corp. |
//|                                             https://www.mql5.com |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
#property copyright "Copyright 2015, MetaQuotes Software Corp."
#property link      "https://www.mql5.com"
#property version   "1.00"
#property indicator_chart_window
#property indicator_buffers 2
#property indicator_plots   1
//--- plot Label1
#property indicator_label1  "Label1"
#property indicator_type1   DRAW_COLOR_LINE
#property indicator_color1  clrSaddleBrown,clrCrimson,clrDeepPink,clrCornflowerBlue,clrSteelBlue,clrMediumBlue
#property indicator_style1  STYLE_SOLID
#property indicator_width1  1

input int maPeriod = 10;
input int maShift = 0;
input ENUM_MA_METHOD maMethod = MODE_SMA;
input ENUM_APPLIED_PRICE maPrice = PRICE_CLOSE;

//--- indicator buffers
double         Label1Buffer[];
double         Label1Colors[];

double maBuffer[];
int maHandle;
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Custom indicator initialization function                         |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnInit()
  {
//--- indicator buffers mapping
   SetIndexBuffer(0,Label1Buffer,INDICATOR_DATA);
   SetIndexBuffer(1,Label1Colors,INDICATOR_COLOR_INDEX);
   
   ArraySetAsSeries(Label1Buffer,true);
   ArraySetAsSeries(Label1Colors,true);
   
   ArraySetAsSeries(maBuffer, true);
   maHandle = iMA(_Symbol,0,maPeriod,maShift,maMethod,maPrice);
//---
   return(INIT_SUCCEEDED);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Custom indicator iteration function                              |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnCalculate(const int rates_total,
                const int prev_calculated,
                const int begin,
                const double &price[])
  {
//---
   int bars = rates_total - 1;
   if(prev_calculated > 0)
     {
      bars = rates_total - prev_calculated;
     }
     
   CopyBuffer(maHandle,0,0,bars,maBuffer);
   
   for(int i = bars; i >= 0; i--)
     {
66    Label1Buffer[i] = maBuffer[i];
      if(((maBuffer[i] - maBuffer[i + 1]) / maBuffer[i + 1]) < ((maBuffer[i + 1] - maBuffer[i + 2]) / maBuffer[i + 2])) Label1Colors[i] = 0;
      if(maBuffer[i] < maBuffer[i + 1]) Label1Colors[i] = 1;
      if(price[i] < maBuffer[i]) Label1Colors[i] = 2;
      if(((maBuffer[i] - maBuffer[i + 1]) / maBuffer[i + 1]) > ((maBuffer[i + 1] - maBuffer[i + 2]) / maBuffer[i + 2])) Label1Colors[i] = 6;
      if(maBuffer[i] > maBuffer[i + 1]) Label1Colors[i] = 5;
      if(price[i] > maBuffer[i]) Label1Colors[i] = 4;      
     }
//--- return value of prev_calculated for next call
   return(rates_total);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
InvestSoft
25216
Janusz Trojca  
OzanK:

Hi ...


My code is the following ... and I'm getting an error saying that "array out of range in '1.mq5' (66,33)" 

It is the hand-numbered row in the code.

How can I correct this error?


Thanks a lot.


You must set in CopyBuffer as 4th param amount to copy not last index so it should be:

CopyBuffer(maHandle,0,0,bars+1,maBuffer);

 In loop, if you get value from previous index (maBuffer[i+1]) you can't start loop from last index. You must start from one before last:

for(int i = bars-1; i >= 0; i--)
OzanK
70
OzanK  
forex_trader:

You must set in CopyBuffer as 4th param amount to copy not last index so it should be:

 In loop, if you get value from previous index (maBuffer[i+1]) you can't start loop from last index. You must start from one before last:

Thank you ... I solved the problem by:


for(int i = bars-3; i >= 0; i--)
Bahrom Juraev
19352
Bahrom Juraev  
good luck
InvestSoft
25216
Janusz Trojca  
OzanK:

Thank you ... I solved the problem by:


If the oldest bar is insignificant, you can omit it and start from bars-3.
OzanK
70
OzanK  
forex_trader:
If the oldest bar is insignificant, you can omit it and start from bars-3.

Thank you forex_trader ... I got the point relating with CopyBuffer().


I would like to ask one more question ...

When populating a buffer of a custom indicator with the buffer of an another indicator, should we use PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN in our code?

Let's say ... we will use iMA with the period of 10 for populating our custom indicator's buffer.

In this case, should we use PlotIndexSetInteger(0,PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN,9) for a more robust indicator?


My reason for asking ... if we do not use PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN, the drawing of our custom indicator is also starting at the 10th bar. So, it seems that there is no need to use PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN at all.

InvestSoft
25216
Janusz Trojca  
OzanK:

Thank you forex_trader ... I got the point relating with CopyBuffer().


I would like to ask one more question ...

When populating a buffer of a custom indicator with the buffer of an another indicator, should we use PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN in our code?

Let's say ... we will use iMA with the period of 10 for populating our custom indicator's buffer.

In this case, should we use PlotIndexSetInteger(0,PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN,9) for a more robust indicator?


My reason for asking ... if we do not use PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN, the drawing of our custom indicator is also starting at the 10th bar. So, it seems that there is no need to use PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN at all.

PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN you can use to avoid plotting indicator on the first N bars of the history. If Indicator's values for this N bars is NULL value, you must not use PLOT_DRAW_BEGIN (the same effect).
MILAD NAJJARI
281
MILAD NAJJARI  

Hello coders;

sorry my english.

i have ERROR  "array out of range" runtime.  i don't understand why i have this ERROR. i think about last loop to calculate MA[].

can anyone help to fix it?

#property indicator_separate_window
#property indicator_minimum 0
#property indicator_maximum 100
#property indicator_level1 20
#property indicator_level2 50
#property indicator_level3 80
#property indicator_buffers 9
#property indicator_plots 1
#property indicator_color1 clrAliceBlue


//---- input parameters
input int FastMA=12;
input int SlowMA=24;
input int Crosses=50;
input ENUM_APPLIED_PRICE InpAppliedPrice=PRICE_CLOSE; // Applied price
input ENUM_APPLIED_PRICE InpAppliedPrice2=PRICE_TYPICAL; // Applied price2

//---- buffers
double MA[];
double MCD1[];
double MCD2[];
double MAfast[],MAslow[];
double Cross[];
double max_min[];
double PointDeviation[];
double PeriodTimeAVG[];

//---- var
double smconst,ST,max,min;
int ShiftFirstCross;
int ShiftCrossesCross;
int k,handle1,handle2,handle3,handle4;

//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Custom indicator initialization function                         |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnInit()
  {


   SetIndexBuffer(0, MA,INDICATOR_DATA);
   PlotIndexSetInteger(0,PLOT_DRAW_TYPE,DRAW_LINE);
   PlotIndexSetInteger(0,PLOT_LINE_STYLE,STYLE_SOLID);
   SetIndexBuffer(0, MCD1,INDICATOR_CALCULATIONS);
   SetIndexBuffer(1, MCD2,INDICATOR_CALCULATIONS);
   SetIndexBuffer(3, MAfast,INDICATOR_CALCULATIONS);
   SetIndexBuffer(4, MAslow,INDICATOR_CALCULATIONS);
   SetIndexBuffer(5, Cross,INDICATOR_CALCULATIONS);
   SetIndexBuffer(6, max_min,INDICATOR_CALCULATIONS);
   SetIndexBuffer(7, PointDeviation,INDICATOR_CALCULATIONS);
   SetIndexBuffer(8, PeriodTimeAVG,INDICATOR_CALCULATIONS);
   IndicatorSetString(INDICATOR_SHORTNAME,"cycle");
   PlotIndexSetDouble(0,PLOT_EMPTY_VALUE,0.0);
   PlotIndexSetDouble(1,PLOT_EMPTY_VALUE,0.0);
   PlotIndexSetDouble(2,PLOT_EMPTY_VALUE,0.0);
   PlotIndexSetDouble(3,PLOT_EMPTY_VALUE,0.0);
   PlotIndexSetDouble(4,PLOT_EMPTY_VALUE,0.0);
   PlotIndexSetDouble(5,PLOT_EMPTY_VALUE,0.0);
   PlotIndexSetDouble(6,PLOT_EMPTY_VALUE,0.0);
   PlotIndexSetDouble(7,PLOT_EMPTY_VALUE,0.0);
   handle1=iMA(NULL,PERIOD_CURRENT,FastMA,0,MODE_SMA,PRICE_CLOSE);
   handle2=iMA(NULL,PERIOD_CURRENT,SlowMA,0,MODE_SMA,PRICE_CLOSE);
   handle3=iMA(NULL,PERIOD_CURRENT,FastMA,0,MODE_EMA,PRICE_TYPICAL);
   handle4=iMA(NULL,PERIOD_CURRENT,SlowMA,0,MODE_EMA,PRICE_TYPICAL);



   ShiftFirstCross=0;
   ShiftCrossesCross=0;
   k=0;
   max=0.;
   min=1000000.;
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Schaff Trend Cycle                                               |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnCalculate(const int rates_total,
                const int prev_calculated,
                const datetime &time[],
                const double &open[],
                const double &high[],
                const double &low[],
                const double &close[],
                const long &tick_volume[],
                const long &volume[],
                const int &spread[])
  {

   int counted_bars=prev_calculated-1;
   int i,j,limit,NumberCross,BarsCross;
   double prev,MinMACD,MaxMACD,delta,Sum_max_min;

   if(rates_total<=SlowMA)
      return(-1);
   if(prev_calculated==0)counted_bars=0;

   if(counted_bars>0)
      counted_bars--;
   limit=rates_total-counted_bars;
   if(limit>rates_total-SlowMA-1)
      limit=rates_total-SlowMA-1;
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+

   int to_copy;
   if(prev_calculated>rates_total || prev_calculated<0)
      to_copy=rates_total;
   else
     {
      to_copy=rates_total-prev_calculated;
      if(prev_calculated>0)
         to_copy++;
     }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//--- get handle1 buffer
   if(IsStopped())
      return(0); //Checking for stop flag
   if(CopyBuffer(handle1,0,0,rates_total,MAfast)<=0)
     {
      Print("Getting handle1 is failed! Error",GetLastError());
      return(0);
     }
//--- get handle2 buffer
   if(IsStopped())
      return(0); //Checking for stop flag
   if(CopyBuffer(handle2,0,0,rates_total,MAslow)<=0)
     {
      Print("Getting handle2 is failed! Error",GetLastError());
      return(0);
     }

//--- get handle4 buffererror
   if(IsStopped())
      return(0); //Checking for stop flag
   if(CopyBuffer(handle4,0,0,rates_total,MCD2)<=0)
     {
      Print("Getting handle4 is failed! Error",GetLastError());
      return(0);
     }


//--- get handle3 buffererror
   if(IsStopped())
      return(0); //Checking for stop flag
   if(CopyBuffer(handle3,0,0,rates_total,MCD1)<=0)
     {
      Print("Getting handle3 is failed! Error",GetLastError());
      return(0);
     }



   ArraySetAsSeries(MAfast,true);
   ArraySetAsSeries(MAslow,true);
   ArraySetAsSeries(MCD1,true);
   ArraySetAsSeries(MCD2,true);
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//--- not all data may be calculated
   int calculated=BarsCalculated(handle1);
   if(calculated<rates_total)
     {
      Print("Not all data of handle1 is calculated (",calculated,"bars ). Error",GetLastError());
      return(0);
     }
   calculated=BarsCalculated(handle2);
   if(calculated<rates_total)
     {
      Print("Not all data of handle2 is calculated (",calculated,"bars ). Error",GetLastError());
      return(0);
     }
   calculated=BarsCalculated(handle3);
   if(calculated<rates_total)
     {
      Print("Not all data of handle3 is calculated (",calculated,"bars ). Error",GetLastError());
      return(0);
     }
   calculated=BarsCalculated(handle4);
   if(calculated<rates_total)
     {
      Print("Not all data of handle4 is calculated (",calculated,"bars ). Error",GetLastError());
      return(0);
     }
   for(i=limit; i>0; i--)
     {
      Cross[i]=0.;
      if(MAfast[i]>=MAslow[i] && MAfast[i+1]<MAslow[i+1])
        {

         if(ShiftFirstCross==0)
            ShiftFirstCross=i;

         if(ShiftCrossesCross==0)
           {
            k++;

            if(k==Crosses+1)
               ShiftCrossesCross=i;
           }

         Cross[i]=1.;

         max_min[i]=max-min;

         max=0.;
         min=1000000.;
        }
      else
         if(MAfast[i]<=MAslow[i] && MAfast[i+1]>MAslow[i+1])
           {

            if(ShiftFirstCross==0)
               ShiftFirstCross=i;

            if(ShiftCrossesCross==0)
              {
               k++;

               if(k==Crosses+1)
                  ShiftCrossesCross=i;
              }

            Cross[i]=-1.;

            max_min[i]=max-min;

            max=0.;
            min=1000000.;
           }
         else
           {
            if(max<high[i])
               max=high[i];
            if(min>low[i])
               min=low[i];
           }
     }
   if(limit>ShiftCrossesCross)
      limit=ShiftCrossesCross;
   for(i=limit; i>0; i--)
     {

      j=i;
      while(Cross[j]==0.)
         j++;

      NumberCross=0;
      BarsCross=0;
      Sum_max_min=0.;
      while(NumberCross<Crosses)
        {

         if(Cross[j]!=0.)
           {
            NumberCross++;
            Sum_max_min=Sum_max_min+max_min[j];
           }
         j++;
         BarsCross++;
        }


      PeriodTimeAVG[i]=BarsCross/Crosses;
      PointDeviation[i]=NormalizeDouble(Sum_max_min/Crosses/2./_Point,0);
     }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
   for(i=limit; i>=0; i--)
     {
      MinMACD=(MCD1[i]-MCD2[i]);
      MaxMACD=(MCD1[i]-MCD2[i]);
      for(j=i+1; j<i+PeriodTimeAVG[i+1]; j++)
        {
         if((MCD1[j]-MCD2[j])<MinMACD)
            MinMACD=(MCD1[j]-MCD2[j]);
         if((MCD1[j]-MCD2[j])>MaxMACD)
            MaxMACD=(MCD1[j]-MCD2[j]);
        }

      delta=MaxMACD-MinMACD;
      if(delta==0.)
         ST=50.;
      else
        {
         ST=((MCD1[i]-MCD2[i])-MinMACD)/delta*100;
        }
      prev=MA[i+1];
      MA[i]=(2./(1.+PeriodTimeAVG[i+1]/2.))*(ST-prev)+prev;
     }

   return(rates_total);
  }
Vladimir Karputov
Moderator
206414
Vladimir Karputov  
MILAD NAJJARI:

Hello coders;

sorry my english.

i have ERROR  "array out of range" runtime.  i don't understand why i have this ERROR. i think about last loop to calculate MA[].

can anyone help to fix it?

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