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Linien einfärben

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Chris.h
51
Chris.h  

Hallo,

 

ich bin noch recht neu im Programmieren.

 Mein Anliegen ist es, eine EMA Linie einzufärben, und zwar je nachdem ob die Linie eine bestimmte Steigung aufweist oder nicht. Dies frage ich über eine Bedingung ab. Jetzt möchte ich eine weitere Bedingung schreiben, welche die erste Bedingung abfragt und in dem Fall dann den EMA an der entsprechenden Stelle einfärbt.

 

 Hier ist der EMA, der standardmäßig im MT4 enthalten ist. 

//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|                                       Custom Moving Averages.mq4 |
//|                   Copyright 2005-2015, MetaQuotes Software Corp. |
//|                                              http://www.mql4.com |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
#property copyright   "2005-2015, MetaQuotes Software Corp."
#property link        "http://www.mql4.com"
#property description "Moving Average"
#property strict

#property indicator_chart_window
#property indicator_buffers 1
#property indicator_color1 Red
//--- indicator parameters
input int            InpMAPeriod=13;        // Period
input int            InpMAShift=0;          // Shift
input ENUM_MA_METHOD InpMAMethod=MODE_SMA;  // Method
//--- indicator buffer
double ExtLineBuffer[];
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Custom indicator initialization function                         |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnInit(void)
  {
   string short_name;
   int    draw_begin=InpMAPeriod-1;
//--- indicator short name
   switch(InpMAMethod)
     {
      case MODE_SMA  : short_name="SMA(";                break;
      case MODE_EMA  : short_name="EMA(";  draw_begin=0; break;
      case MODE_SMMA : short_name="SMMA(";               break;
      case MODE_LWMA : short_name="LWMA(";               break;
      default :        return(INIT_FAILED);
     }
   IndicatorShortName(short_name+string(InpMAPeriod)+")");
   IndicatorDigits(Digits);
//--- check for input
   if(InpMAPeriod<2)
      return(INIT_FAILED);
//--- drawing settings
   SetIndexStyle(0,DRAW_LINE);
   SetIndexShift(0,InpMAShift);
   SetIndexDrawBegin(0,draw_begin);
//--- indicator buffers mapping
   SetIndexBuffer(0,ExtLineBuffer);
//--- initialization done
   return(INIT_SUCCEEDED);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|  Moving Average                                                  |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnCalculate(const int rates_total,
                const int prev_calculated,
                const datetime &time[],
                const double &open[],
                const double &high[],
                const double &low[],
                const double &close[],
                const long &tick_volume[],
                const long &volume[],
                const int &spread[])
  {
//--- check for bars count
   if(rates_total<InpMAPeriod-1 || InpMAPeriod<2)
      return(0);
//--- counting from 0 to rates_total
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtLineBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(close,false);
//--- first calculation or number of bars was changed
   if(prev_calculated==0)
      ArrayInitialize(ExtLineBuffer,0);
//--- calculation
   switch(InpMAMethod)
     {
      case MODE_EMA:  CalculateEMA(rates_total,prev_calculated,close);        break;
      case MODE_LWMA: CalculateLWMA(rates_total,prev_calculated,close);       break;
      case MODE_SMMA: CalculateSmoothedMA(rates_total,prev_calculated,close); break;
      case MODE_SMA:  CalculateSimpleMA(rates_total,prev_calculated,close);   break;
     }
//--- return value of prev_calculated for next call
   return(rates_total);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|   simple moving average                                          |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void CalculateSimpleMA(int rates_total,int prev_calculated,const double &price[])
  {
   int i,limit;
//--- first calculation or number of bars was changed
   if(prev_calculated==0)
  
     {
      limit=InpMAPeriod;
      //--- calculate first visible value
      double firstValue=0;
      for(i=0; i<limit; i++)
         firstValue+=price[i];
      firstValue/=InpMAPeriod;
      ExtLineBuffer[limit-1]=firstValue;
     }
   else
      limit=prev_calculated-1;
//--- main loop
   for(i=limit; i<rates_total && !IsStopped(); i++)
      ExtLineBuffer[i]=ExtLineBuffer[i-1]+(price[i]-price[i-InpMAPeriod])/InpMAPeriod;
//---
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|  exponential moving average                                      |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void CalculateEMA(int rates_total,int prev_calculated,const double &price[])
  {
   int    i,limit;
   double SmoothFactor=2.0/(1.0+InpMAPeriod);
//--- first calculation or number of bars was changed
   if(prev_calculated==0)
     {
      limit=InpMAPeriod;
      ExtLineBuffer[0]=price[0];
      for(i=1; i<limit; i++)
         ExtLineBuffer[i]=price[i]*SmoothFactor+ExtLineBuffer[i-1]*(1.0-SmoothFactor);
     }
   else
      limit=prev_calculated-1;
//--- main loop
   for(i=limit; i<rates_total && !IsStopped(); i++)
      ExtLineBuffer[i]=price[i]*SmoothFactor+ExtLineBuffer[i-1]*(1.0-SmoothFactor);
//---
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|  linear weighted moving average                                  |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void CalculateLWMA(int rates_total,int prev_calculated,const double &price[])
  {
   int        i,limit;
   static int weightsum;
   double     sum;
//--- first calculation or number of bars was changed
   if(prev_calculated==0)
     {
      weightsum=0;
      limit=InpMAPeriod;
      //--- calculate first visible value
      double firstValue=0;
      for(i=0;i<limit;i++)
        {
         int k=i+1;
         weightsum+=k;
         firstValue+=k*price[i];
        }
      firstValue/=(double)weightsum;
      ExtLineBuffer[limit-1]=firstValue;
     }
   else
      limit=prev_calculated-1;
//--- main loop
   for(i=limit; i<rates_total && !IsStopped(); i++)
     {
      sum=0;
      for(int j=0;j<InpMAPeriod;j++)
         sum+=(InpMAPeriod-j)*price[i-j];
      ExtLineBuffer[i]=sum/weightsum;
     }
//---
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|  smoothed moving average                                         |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void CalculateSmoothedMA(int rates_total,int prev_calculated,const double &price[])
  {
   int i,limit;
//--- first calculation or number of bars was changed
   if(prev_calculated==0)
     {
      limit=InpMAPeriod;
      double firstValue=0;
      for(i=0; i<limit; i++)
         firstValue+=price[i];
      firstValue/=InpMAPeriod;
      ExtLineBuffer[limit-1]=firstValue;
     }
   else
      limit=prev_calculated-1;
//--- main loop
   for(i=limit; i<rates_total && !IsStopped(); i++)
      ExtLineBuffer[i]=(ExtLineBuffer[i-1]*(InpMAPeriod-1)+price[i])/InpMAPeriod;
//---
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+


für die Bedingung verwende ich: 

double LEma1,LEma2,SEma1,SEma2;

bool TrendSlope;

double CurrVal;

color colorw;

extern int Periode=5;  

int OnCalculate(const int rates_total,

                const int prev_calculated,

                const datetime &time[],

                const double &open[],

                const double &high[],

                const double &low[],

                const double &close[],

                const long &tick_volume[],

                const long &volume[],

                const int &spread[])

  { 

LEma1 = iMA(NULL,0,34,0,MODE_EMA,PRICE_HIGH,1);
LEma2 = iMA(NULL,0,34,0,MODE_EMA,PRICE_HIGH,Periode+1);
SEma1 = iMA(NULL,0,34,0,MODE_EMA,PRICE_LOW,1);
SEma2 = iMA(NULL,0,34,0,MODE_EMA,PRICE_LOW,Periode+1);



if((LEma1-LEma2)/Periode >=CurrVal)
{
TrendSlope = true;
}
else if((SEma1-SEma2)/Periode <=-CurrVal)
{
TrendSlope = true;
}
else TrendSlope = false;

 

   return(rates_total);

  } 

Derzeit wird die Bedingung mit jeder Periode aktulisiert. Ich würde allerdings Vergangenheitswerte speichern, so dass der Indikator an den Stelle, an der die Bedingung gegolten hat, die entsprechende Farbe bekommt (grün für Kaufsignale, Rot für verkaufsignale) und nicht sicht die gesamte Linie des EMA jedes mal umfärbt, wenn die Bedingung sich aktuell ändert.



 

Carl Schreiber
7465
Carl Schreiber  
Im mt4 muss man für zwei Farben zwei Puffer verwenden, einen für steigend, einen für fallend!
Lars Rompe
1678
Lars Rompe  
Genau so ist es- hat es geklappt?
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