The indicator builds a candlestick chart consisting of floating spread current values in online mode.
The main objective is observation of a definite broker spread changes. The indicator displays candlesticks
online only, the candlestick chart is not saved and stored anywhere.
Author: Nikolay Kositsin
Forum on trading, automated trading systems and testing trading strategies
newdigital, 2014.01.12 08:59
What Does a Spread Tell Traders?
Spreads and Forex
has a spread and so does Forex. A spread is simply defined as the price
difference between where a trader may purchase or sell an underlying
asset. Traders that are familiar with equities will synonymously call
this the Bid: Ask spread.
Below we can see an example of the spread being calculated for the EURUSD.
First we will find the buy price at 1.35640 and then subtract the sell
price of 1.32626. What we are left with after this process is a reading
of .00014. Traders should remember that the pip value is then identified on the EURUSD as the 4th digit after the decimal, making the final spread calculated as 1.4 pips.
Now we know how to calculate the spread in pips, let’s look at the actual cost incurred by traders.
Spreads Costs and Calculations
Since the spread is just a
number, we now need to know how to relate the spread into Dollars and
Cents. The good news is if you can find the spread, finding this figure
is very mathematically straight forward once you have identified pip
cost and the number of lots you are trading.
Using the quotes above, we
know we can currently buy the EURUSD at 1.3564 and close the transaction
at a sell price of 1.35474.That means as soon as our trade is open, a
trader would incur 1.4 pips of spread. To find the total cost, we will
now need to multiply this value by pip cost while considering the total
amount of lots traded. When trading a 10k EURUSD lot with a $1 pip cost,
you would incur a total cost of $1.40 on this transaction.
Remember, pip cost is
exponential. This means you will need to multiply this value based off
of the number of lots you are trading. As the size of your positions
increase, so will the cost incurred from the spread.
Changes in the Spread
Scripts: News VLine
newdigital, 2014.01.30 09:25
Forex Spreads and the News (based on dailyfx article)
Financial markets have the ability to be drastically effected by
economic news releases. News events occur throughout the trading week,
as denoted by the economic calendar, and may increase market volatility
as well as increase the spreads you see on your favorite currency pairs.
It is imperative that new traders become familiar with what can happen
during these events. So to better prepare you for upcoming news, we are
going to review what happens to Forex spreads during volatile markets.
Spreads and the News
News is a notorious time of market uncertainty. These releases on the
economic calendar happen sporadically and depending if expectations are
met or not, can cause prices to fluctuate rapidly. Just like retail
traders, large liquidity providers do not know the outcome of news
events prior to their release! Because of this, they look to offset some
of their risk by widening spreads.
Above is an example of spreads during the January NFP employment number
release. Notice how spreads on the Major Forex pairs widened. Even
though this was a temporary event, until the market normalizes traders
will have to endure wider costs of trading.
Dealing with the Spread
It is important to remember that spreads are variable, meaning they will
not always remain the same and will change as liquidity providers
change their pricing. Above we can see how quickly spreads normalize
after the news. In 5 minutes, the spreads on the EURUSD moved from 6.4
pips back to 1.4 pips. So where does that leave traders wanting to
execute orders around the news?
Traders should always consider the risk of trading volatile markets. One
of the options for trading news events is to immediately execute orders
at market in hopes that the market volatility covers the increased
spread cost. Or, traders can wait for markets to normalize and then take
advantage of added liquidity once market activity subsides.
newdigital, 2014.02.13 06:31
Spreads Can Cause Margin Calls (based on dailyfx article)
At this point in our trading education, we should be aware of the fact
that FX spreads are variable and can widen to levels several times
larger than their typical spreads. These spread increases are most often
seen during news releases and can affect our positions rapidly. But,
what is the best way to weather the storm during times of widening
How to Truly Protect Ourselves Against Widening Spreads
The only way to protect ourselves during times of widening spreads is to
restrict the amount of leverage used in our account (which in my
opinion, should be less than 10x leverage). Spreads can only hurt us
when a trade is being opened or closed. If we aren’t opening or closing a
trade during a news events, we won’t be affected. Prices will
eventually go back to normal and at some point we will close on our own
The only time the market can force our hand to liquidate our positions
is with a margin call. If we reduce our leverage, we reduce our chances
The “Hedging” Myth
Helping traders around the world means that I have seen many different
methods to trade this market, both good and bad. One of the most
damaging methods I’ve come across is the idea of ‘hedging’ a Forex trade
by opening an opposing trade in the same currency pair and holding both
long and short positions simultaneously. This not only incurs greater
trade cost (by paying additional spread) but does not protect your
position against additional losses.
Hedgers attempt to lock-in their profit or loss on a trade by opening an
opposing trade, but if the spread widens, this negatively affects both
sides of the trade. If the trader is over leveraged on these trades, a
wider spread could incur a margin call and liquidate both positions.
Worst of all, you would most likely be filled at the widened spread
prices, adding insult to injury.
So now we know, hedging is not the proper way to secure a profit or a
loss. Only the closing of a position can do that. Hedging also can be
dangerous around widening spreads and can cause margin calls, so we need
to limit the amount of leverage we are using to 10x or less.