Indicator: I have a doubt about RSI

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Feng Guozheng
77
Feng Guozheng  

as we know that

RSI=100*RS/(1+RS) or RSI=100-100/(1+RS)

and

RS=A/B
A is the average of the summary of price raises (base on close price)
B is the average of the summary of price falls (base on close price)

so if we want to get 'A' of above we should do as

double f(double x){ return x>0?x:0;}

A0=f(Close[0]-Close[1])+f(Close[1]-Close[2])+...+f(Close[14]-Close[15]) ;//consider the period is 14

A=A0/14

right?

but the RSI source shows the calucation of the A above is that:

      for(i=1; i<=InpRSIPeriod; i++)
        {
         ExtRSIBuffer[i]=0.0;
         ExtPosBuffer[i]=0.0;
         ExtNegBuffer[i]=0.0;
         diff=close[i]-close[i-1];
         if(diff>0)
            sump+=diff;
         else
            sumn-=diff;
        }

let i is 1 so it is close[1]-close[0] and that results (close[1]-close[0] will be >0) was add to sump.

ok here is the problem. if close[1]-close[0]>0 ,means the close price is lower than the previous one.isn't that means FALLs?

i think it should be add to sumn;

anything goes wrong?


-----------------

here is the codes:

//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|                                                          RSI.mq4 |
//|                   Copyright 2005-2014, MetaQuotes Software Corp. |
//|                                              http://www.mql4.com |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
#property copyright   "2005-2014, MetaQuotes Software Corp."
#property link        "http://www.mql4.com"
#property description "Relative Strength Index"
#property strict

#property indicator_separate_window
#property indicator_minimum    0
#property indicator_maximum    100
#property indicator_buffers    1
#property indicator_color1     DodgerBlue
#property indicator_level1     30.0
#property indicator_level2     70.0
#property indicator_levelcolor clrSilver
#property indicator_levelstyle STYLE_DOT
//--- input parameters
input int InpRSIPeriod=14; // RSI Period
//--- buffers
double ExtRSIBuffer[];
double ExtPosBuffer[];
double ExtNegBuffer[];
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Custom indicator initialization function                         |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnInit(void)
  {
   string short_name;
//--- 2 additional buffers are used for counting.
   IndicatorBuffers(3);
   SetIndexBuffer(1,ExtPosBuffer);
   SetIndexBuffer(2,ExtNegBuffer);
//--- indicator line
   SetIndexStyle(0,DRAW_LINE);
   SetIndexBuffer(0,ExtRSIBuffer);
//--- name for DataWindow and indicator subwindow label
   short_name="RSI("+string(InpRSIPeriod)+")";
   IndicatorShortName(short_name);
   SetIndexLabel(0,short_name);
//--- check for input
   if(InpRSIPeriod<2)
     {
      Print("Incorrect value for input variable InpRSIPeriod = ",InpRSIPeriod);
      return(INIT_FAILED);
     }
//---
   SetIndexDrawBegin(0,InpRSIPeriod);
//--- initialization done
   return(INIT_SUCCEEDED);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Relative Strength Index                                          |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnCalculate(const int rates_total,
                const int prev_calculated,
                const datetime &time[],
                const double &open[],
                const double &high[],
                const double &low[],
                const double &close[],
                const long &tick_volume[],
                const long &volume[],
                const int &spread[])
  {
   int    i,pos;
   double diff;
//---
   if(Bars<=InpRSIPeriod || InpRSIPeriod<2)
      return(0);
//--- counting from 0 to rates_total
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtRSIBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtPosBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtNegBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(close,false);
//--- preliminary calculations
   pos=prev_calculated-1;
   if(pos<=InpRSIPeriod)
     {
      //--- first RSIPeriod values of the indicator are not calculated
      ExtRSIBuffer[0]=0.0;
      ExtPosBuffer[0]=0.0;
      ExtNegBuffer[0]=0.0;
      double sump=0.0;
      double sumn=0.0;
      for(i=1; i<=InpRSIPeriod; i++)
        {
         ExtRSIBuffer[i]=0.0;
         ExtPosBuffer[i]=0.0;
         ExtNegBuffer[i]=0.0;
         diff=close[i]-close[i-1];
         if(diff>0)
            sump+=diff;
         else
            sumn-=diff;
        }
      //--- calculate first visible value
      ExtPosBuffer[InpRSIPeriod]=sump/InpRSIPeriod;
      ExtNegBuffer[InpRSIPeriod]=sumn/InpRSIPeriod;
      if(ExtNegBuffer[InpRSIPeriod]!=0.0)
         ExtRSIBuffer[InpRSIPeriod]=100.0-(100.0/(1.0+ExtPosBuffer[InpRSIPeriod]/ExtNegBuffer[InpRSIPeriod]));
      else
        {
         if(ExtPosBuffer[InpRSIPeriod]!=0.0)
            ExtRSIBuffer[InpRSIPeriod]=100.0;
         else
            ExtRSIBuffer[InpRSIPeriod]=50.0;
        }
      //--- prepare the position value for main calculation
      pos=InpRSIPeriod+1;
     }
//--- the main loop of calculations
   for(i=pos; i<rates_total && !IsStopped(); i++)
     {
      diff=close[i]-close[i-1];
      ExtPosBuffer[i]=(ExtPosBuffer[i-1]*(InpRSIPeriod-1)+(diff>0.0?diff:0.0))/InpRSIPeriod;
      ExtNegBuffer[i]=(ExtNegBuffer[i-1]*(InpRSIPeriod-1)+(diff<0.0?-diff:0.0))/InpRSIPeriod;
      if(ExtNegBuffer[i]!=0.0)
         ExtRSIBuffer[i]=100.0-100.0/(1+ExtPosBuffer[i]/ExtNegBuffer[i]);
      else
        {
         if(ExtPosBuffer[i]!=0.0)
            ExtRSIBuffer[i]=100.0;
         else
            ExtRSIBuffer[i]=50.0;
        }
     }
//---
   return(rates_total);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
lippmaje
1037
lippmaje  
Feng Guozheng:

... if close[1]-close[0]>0 ,means the close price is lower than the previous one.isn't that means FALLs?

i think it should be add to sumn;

close[i]-close[i-1]>0 means the close price of candle i is higher than that of candle i-1. In MQL 5 candle i is newer than i-1, unless you set the array as series. In MQL 4 candle i is older than i-1, unless you set the array as no series, which obviously is done in RSI.mq4:

   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtRSIBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtPosBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtNegBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(close,false);
Feng Guozheng
77
Feng Guozheng  
lippmaje:

close[i]-close[i-1]>0 means the close price of candle i is higher than that of candle i-1. In MQL 5 candle i is newer than i-1, unless you set the array as series. In MQL 4 candle i is older than i-1, unless you set the array as no series, which obviously is done in RSI.mq4:

it is a great help.thanks.
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