Japanese Candlestick Patterns:
Author: Ronnie Mansolillo
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Something Interesting to Read February 2014
newdigital, 2014.02.02 08:57
High Profit Candlestick Patterns : Stephen Bigalow
High profit trading patterns, revealed by utilizing time-honored
Japanese candlestick signals. A straight-forward approach to
understanding and exploiting market opportunities. Practical
applications to predict stock price movements consistently and
profitably, a winning system in good times or bad! All detailed in:
"High Profit Candlestick Patterns: Turning Investor Sentiment into
Profits" By Stephen W. Bigalow
Don’t play the market, Beat the Market! Stephen W. Bigalow’s first book
"Profitable Candlestick Trading" taught the novice investor how to
quickly identify the best trading opportunities. Now his new book, "High
Profit Candlestick Patterns" takes his teaching to the next level.
Combining the proven results of Japanese Candlestick charting with
effective Western technical analysis, produces even higher profit
wealth-building stock selection techniques. Learn the key to profitable
stock selection with this safer approach to investing and avoid
expensive trading mistakes. Quickly learn the simplest, yet most
intelligent, approach to stock selection. Candlestick signals visually
produce compelling results. Japanese candlestick charting techniques,
integrated with statistically proven Western technical analysis,
produces an even more powerful investment platform. The ability to
recognize trading patterns in their very early stages empowers an
investor with high profit trading strategies.
For the technical investor, the combined analysis provides potent
trading programs. The fundamental investor gains tremendous insights
into the timing of positions. The introduction of cutting-edge computer
generated technical analysis, with the world's most proven trading
technique, becomes a powerful tool for understanding the movements of
the markets. Discover simple techniques that put the probabilities
highly in your favor.
Japanese candlestick signals provide an immense amount of information.
They graphically depict what is occurring in investor sentiment. This
alone provides a huge advantage for the investor. Having the ability to
identify reversals in price trends, utilizing statistically proven and
utilized signals, allows an investor to develop high profit trading
strategies. The psychological elements not only reveal trend reversals,
but they provide the insights for understanding why that reversal is
occurring. This becomes a very powerful investment tool.
The graphic illustrations in this book are simple common sense
revelations. Utilizing candlestick signals in conjunction with Western
technical patterns produces two strong investment elements. First, it
allows for the recognition of the optimal times for entering a trade.
Second, the candlestick signals revealed immediately when the trend
pattern is not performing correctly, allowing for quick exits.
You will receive a whole new perspective for profitably investing in the
markets. You do not have to learn formulas nor develop investing
talents. The combination of candlestick signals with easy-to-identify
trading patterns will vastly expand your investment confidence. The
self-mastery of profitable investing is greatly simplified with quick
newdigital, 2014.02.06 20:25
Candlestick charting Explained : Gregory L. Morris
Empower your trading with Japanese candlestick charting
Japanese candlestick charts dramatically improve your understanding of
short-term (less than a week) market sentiment, making you a much more
informed and focused trader of stocks, futures, and indices. The
bestselling Candlestick Charting Explained focuses on the patterns
themselves and highlights the key facts you need to know to apply each
pattern to your trading. For each of 89 distinctive candle patterns, its
standardized format provides you with:
Additional information and insights present different interpretations of
candlesticks based on intraday instead of end-of-day events and action,
improving signal reliability. The author's unique candle pattern
filtering concept, instrumental in answering the "how" question, is
updated to utilize today's larger universe of stock data. An all-new
chapter provides practical application and perspective traders need to
view candles in the context of today's computer-driven marketplace.
For millions of traders, candlesticks have become a key tool in creating
and verifying trading signals. Candlestick Charting Explained is the
only book you need to start integrating their proven versatility and
effectiveness into your technical trading program.
Libraries: MQL5 Wizard - Candlestick Patterns Class
newdigital, 2013.09.10 15:21
Just some basic for traders -
Candlestick charts are an effective way of visualizing price movements. There
are two basic candlesticks:
There are three main parts to a candlestick:
The power of Candlestick Charts is with multiple candlesticks
forming reversal and continuation patterns:
newdigital, 2013.09.10 19:03
Real Body and Upper and Lower Shadows
The rectangular area between the opening and the close of a session of trading is called the real body. The thin lines that look like candle wicks above and below the real body are called shadows. The shadow above the real body is called the upper shadow,
the top end of the upper shadow corresponding to the high of the
session of trading, and the shadow below the real body is called the lower shadow, where the bottom end of the lower shadow corresponds to the low of the session of trading.
When discussing trading sessions based on a trading day (morning to
afternoon), generally speaking the two most significant times of the
trading day are the opening and the close. The opening and the close
create the real body of the candlestick; hence, the most important part
of a candlestick is the real body. By looking at a candlestick, a
person can quickly tell whether traders were eagerly buying throughout
the day (bulls were in charge for the trading day) - the candlestick is
green, or whether traders were eagerly selling throughout the day (bears
dominated the trading day) - the candlestick is red. By looking at the
size of the real body of the candlestick, a trader can tell if the bulls
were significantly in charge of the trading day (a tall green
candlestick) or only moderately in charge of the trading day (a small
green candlestick). Similarly, if a trader sees a large red candle, he
or she can assume that the selling pressure of the bears overpowered the
bulls for the day; however, if the candlestick is very small and red,
then the trader can see that the bears were only slightly more powerful
that day than the bulls. In summary, the real body of a candlestick can
summarize the outcome of a period of trading in an easy to see way –
green = bulls win the trading session, red = bears win the trading
session; and the height of the candle equals the margin of victory for
the bulls or the bears.
Steve Nison (1994) states that “for a [bullish] candle to have meaning,
some Japanese candlestick traders believe that the real body should be
at least three times as long as the previous day’s real body.” (p. 20).
Roads (2008) suggests the following: “determine the area covered by
the difference between the close and the open. If it’s at least 90
percent of the area covered by the difference between the high and low,
you have a long white candle” (p. 76). An example of a computer
charting package’s definition is: “Its Close price is higher than the
Open price; Its body is longer than each shadow; Its body is longer than
the average body size calculated for the specified number of preceding
candles” (ThinkorSwim, 2011).
There are specific versions of the bullish candle. The first is a very bullish candlestick called the bullish marubozu.
The rough translation of marubozu is “bald or little hair” (Rhoads,
2008, p. 74). A marubozu is bald or has little hair because a marubozu
has no upper or lower shadow, or at least a very small upper and/or
lower shadow. This is the most extreme form of the bullish candlestick
because bulls were in charge from the opening to the close; bears were
unable to push prices below the opening price and the trading session
ended with bulls still buying pushing prices upward until the close.
newdigital, 2013.09.11 16:10
Bullish Engulfing Pattern
The Bullish Engulfing Candlestick Pattern is a bullish reversal pattern, usually
occuring at the bottom of a downtrend. The pattern consists of two Candlesticks:
The bearish candle real body of Day 1 is usually contained within the real
body of the bullish candle of Day 2.
On Day 2, the market gaps down; however, the bears do not get very far before
bulls take over and push prices higher, filling in the gap down from the
morning's open and pushing prices past the previous day's open.
The power of the Bullish Engulfing Pattern comes from the incredible change
of sentiment from a bearish gap down in the morning, to a large bullish real
body candle that closes at the highs of the day. Bears have overstayed their
welcome and bulls have taken control of the market.
The chart below of the S&P 500 Depository Receipts Exchange Traded Fund
(SPY) shows an example of a Bullish Engulfing Pattern occuring at the end of a
There are three main times to buy using the Bullish Engulfing Pattern; the
buy signals that are presented below are ordered from the most aggressive to
An example of what usually occurs intra-day during a Bullish Engulfing
Pattern is presented next.
The following 15-minute chart of the S&P 500 exchange traded fund (SPY) is
of the 2-day period comprising the Bullish Engulfing Pattern example on the
newdigital, 2013.09.11 16:21
The Bearish Engulfing Candlestick Pattern is a bearish reversal pattern, usually
occuring at the top of an uptrend. The pattern consists of two Candlesticks:
Generally, the bullish candle real body of Day 1 is contained within the real
body of the bearish candle of Day 2.
The market gaps up (bullish sign) on Day 2; but, the bulls do not push very
far higher before bears take over and push prices further down, not only filling
in the gap down from the morning's open but also pushing prices below the
previous day's open.
With the Bullish Engulfing Pattern, there is an incredible change of
sentiment from the bullish gap up at the open, to the large bearish real body
candle that closed at the lows of the day. Bears have successfully overtaken
bulls for the day and possibly for the next few periods.
The chart below of Verizon (VZ) stock shows an example two Bearish Engulfing
Patterns occuring at the end of uptrends:
Three methodologies for selling using the Bearish Engulfing Pattern are
listed below in order of most aggressive to most conservative:
An example of what usually occurs intra-day during a Bearish Engulfing
Pattern is presented next.
The following 15-minute chart of Verizon (VZ) is of the 2-day period comprising
the Bearish Engulfing Pattern example on the prior page:
newdigital, 2013.09.13 12:10
Dark Cloud Cover
Dark Cloud Cover is a bearish candlestick reversal pattern, similar to the
Bearish Engulfing Pattern (see: Bearish
Engulfing Pattern). There are two components of a Dark Cloud Cover
A Dark Cloud Cover Pattern occurs when a bearish candle on Day 2 closes below
the middle of Day 1's candle.
In addition, price gaps up on Day 2 only to fill the gap and close significantly into the gains made by Day 1's bullish candlestick.
The rejection of the gap up is a bearish sign in and of itself,
but the retracement into the gains of the previous day's gains adds even
more bearish sentiment. Bulls are unable to hold prices higher, demand
is unable to keep up with the building supply.
The chart below of Boeing (BA) stock illustrates an example of the Dark Cloud
Traders usually suggest not selling exactly when one sees the Dark Cloud
Cover Pattern (Day 1 & Day 2) until other confirming signals are given such
as a break of an upward trendline or other technical indicators. One reason for
waiting for confirmation is that the Dark Cloud Cover Pattern is a bearish
pattern, but not as bearish as it could be: part of the gains from Day 1 have
still been preserved.
A more bearish reversal pattern is the Bearish Engulfing Pattern that completely
rejects the gains of Day 1 and usually closes below the lows of Day 1.
newdigital, 2013.09.13 15:57
The Dragonfly Doji is a significant bullish reversal candlestick pattern that
mainly occurs at the bottom of downtrends.
The Dragonfly Doji is created when the open, high, and close are the same or
about the same price (Where the open, high, and close are exactly the same price
is quite rare). The most important part of the Dragonfly Doji is the long lower
The long lower shadow implies that the market tested to find where demand was
located and found it. Bears were able to press prices downward, but an area of
support was found at the low of the day and buying pressure was able to push
prices back up to the opening price. Thus, the bearish advance downward was
entirely rejected by the bulls.
The chart below of the mini-Dow Futures contract illustrates a Dragonfly Doji
occuring at the bottom of a downtrend:
In the chart above of the mini-Dow, the market began the day testing to find
where demand would enter the market. The mini-Dow eventually found support at
the low of the day, so much support and subsequent buying pressure, that prices
were able to close the day approximately where they started the day.
The Dragonfly Doji is an extremely helpful Candlestick pattern to help
traders visually see where support and demand is located. After a downtrend, the
Dragonfly Doji can signal to traders that the downtrend could be over and that
short positions should probably be covered. Other indicators should be used in
conjunction with the Dragonfly Doji pattern to determine buy signals, for
example, a break of a downward trendline.
newdigital, 2013.09.14 19:53
The Evening Star Pattern is a bearish reversal pattern, usually occuring at the
top of an uptrend. The pattern consists of three candlesticks:
The first part of an Evening Star reversal pattern is a large bullish green
candle. On the first day, bulls are definitely in charge, usually new highs were
The second day begins with a bullish gap up. It is
clear from the opening of Day 2 that bulls are in control. However, bulls do not
push prices much higher. The candlestick on Day 2 is quite small and can be
bullish, bearish, or neutral.
Generally speaking, a bearish candle on Day 2 is a stronger sign of an
impending reversal. But it is Day 3 that is the most significant
Day 3 begins with a gap down, (a bearish signal) and
bears are able to press prices even further downward, often eliminating the
gains seen on Day 1.
The chart below of Exxon-Mobil (XOM) stock shows an example a Evening Star
bearish reversal pattern that occured at the end of an uptrend:
Day 1 of the Evening Star pattern for Exxon-Mobil (XOM) stock above was a strong
bullish candle, in fact it was so strong that the close was the same as the high
(very bullish sign). Day 2 continued Day 1's bullish sentiment by gapping up.
However, Day 2 was a Doji, which is a candlestick
signifying indecision. Bulls were unable to continue the large rally of the
previous day; they were only able to close slightly higher than the open.
Day 3 began with a bearish gap down. In fact, bears took hold of Exxon-Mobil
stock the entire day, the open was the same as the high and the close was the
same as the low (a sign of very bearish sentiment). Also, Day 3 powerfully broke
below the upward trendline that had served as support for XOM for the past week. Both the
trendline break and the classic Evening Star pattern gave traders a signal to
sell short Exxon-Mobil stock.
newdigital, 2013.09.16 08:38
The Gravestone Doji is a significant bearish reversal candlestick pattern that
mainly occurs at the top of uptrends.
The Gravestone Doji is created when the open, low, and close are the same or
about the same price (Where the open, low, and close are exactly the same price
is quite rare). The most important part of the Graveston Doji is the long upper
The long upper shadow is generally interpreted by technicians as meaning that
the market is testing to find where supply and potential resistance is
The construction of the Gravestone Doji pattern occurs when bulls are able to
press prices upward.
However, an area of resistance is found at the high of the day
and selling pressure is able to push prices back down to the opening
price. Therefore, the bullish advance upward was entirely rejected by
The chart below of Altria (MO) stock illustrates a Gravestone Doji that
occured at the top of an uptrend:
In the chart above of Altria (MO) stock, the market began the day testing to
find where support would enter the market. Altria eventually found resistance at
the high of the day, and subsequently fell back to the opening's price.
The Gravestone Doji is an extremely helpful Candlestick reversal pattern to
help traders visually see where resistance and supply is likely located. After
an uptrend, the Gravestone Doji can signal to traders that the uptrend could be
over and that long positions should probably be exited. But other indicators
should be used in conjunction with the Gravestone Doji pattern to determine an
actual sell signal. A potential trigger could be a break of the upward trendline