explanation of Stochastic

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billysballo
94
billysballo  

Hi,


In the Stochastic Indicator that you can find in MT4, there is a recurring if statement 

pos=InpKPeriod-1;
if
(pos+1<prev_calculated)       pos=prev_calculated-2;

which I do not understand. Why does it subtract -2 ? what the point of the code above?

This is the onCalculate() function to give a bit more of context around the code above:

int OnCalculate(const int rates_total,
                const int prev_calculated,
                const datetime &time[],
                const double &open[],
                const double &high[],
                const double &low[],
                const double &close[],
                const long &tick_volume[],
                const long &volume[],
                const int &spread[])
  {
   int    i,k,pos;
//--- check for bars count
   if(rates_total<=InpKPeriod+InpDPeriod+InpSlowing)
      return(0);
//--- counting from 0 to rates_total
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtMainBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtSignalBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtHighesBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtLowesBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(low,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(high,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(close,false);
//---
   pos=InpKPeriod-1;
   if(pos+1<prev_calculated)
      pos=prev_calculated-2;
   else
     {
      for(i=0; i<pos; i++)
        {
         ExtLowesBuffer[i]=0.0;
         ExtHighesBuffer[i]=0.0;
        }
     }
//--- calculate HighesBuffer[] and ExtHighesBuffer[]
   for(i=pos; i<rates_total && !IsStopped(); i++)
     {
      double dmin=1000000.0;
      double dmax=-1000000.0;
      for(k=i-InpKPeriod+1; k<=i; k++)
        {
         if(dmin>low[k])
            dmin=low[k];
         if(dmax<high[k])
            dmax=high[k];
        }
      ExtLowesBuffer[i]=dmin;
      ExtHighesBuffer[i]=dmax;
     }
//--- %K line
   pos=InpKPeriod-1+InpSlowing-1;
   if(pos+1<prev_calculated)
      pos=prev_calculated-2;
   else
     {
      for(i=0; i<pos; i++)
         ExtMainBuffer[i]=0.0;
     }
//--- main cycle
   for(i=pos; i<rates_total && !IsStopped(); i++)
     {
      double sumlow=0.0;
      double sumhigh=0.0;
      for(k=(i-InpSlowing+1); k<=i; k++)
        {
         sumlow +=(close[k]-ExtLowesBuffer[k]);
         sumhigh+=(ExtHighesBuffer[k]-ExtLowesBuffer[k]);
        }
      if(sumhigh==0.0)
         ExtMainBuffer[i]=100.0;
      else
         ExtMainBuffer[i]=sumlow/sumhigh*100.0;
     }
//--- signal
   pos=InpDPeriod-1;
   if(pos+1<prev_calculated)
      pos=prev_calculated-2;
   else
     {
      for(i=0; i<pos; i++)
         ExtSignalBuffer[i]=0.0;
     }
   for(i=pos; i<rates_total && !IsStopped(); i++)
     {
      double sum=0.0;
      for(k=0; k<InpDPeriod; k++)
         sum+=ExtMainBuffer[i-k];
      ExtSignalBuffer[i]=sum/InpDPeriod;
     }
//--- OnCalculate done. Return new prev_calculated.
   return(rates_total);
  }
Sergey Golubev
Moderator
108452
Sergey Golubev  
This is one thread about - Stochastic
billysballo
94
billysballo  
Sergey Golubev:
This is one thread about - Stochastic

thanks @Sergey Golubev

good thread, unfortunately does not help me understand more of what is going in that piece of code.

do you have any idea?

Sergey Golubev
Moderator
108452
Sergey Golubev  
billysballo:

thanks @Sergey Golubev

good thread, unfortunately does not help me understand more of what is going in that piece of code.

do you have any idea?

I am not a coder sorry..

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