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Detecting a Reversal in parabolic SAR

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AkinDoIt
9
AkinDoIt  

Hello,
For the passed few weeks I've been a little stumped on where I'd place a variable for identifying reversals in the parSAR indicator. The main goal here is I want to include it in a buy signal, but I'm having issues dissecting it. Here is what I am using.

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//|                                                    Parabolic.mq4 |
//|                   Copyright 2005-2014, MetaQuotes Software Corp. |
//|                                              http://www.mql4.com |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
#property copyright   "2005-2014, MetaQuotes Software Corp."
#property link        "http://www.mql4.com"
#property description "Parabolic Stop-And-Reversal system"
#property strict

//--- indicator settings
#property indicator_chart_window
#property indicator_buffers 1
#property indicator_color1  Lime
//--- input parameters
input double InpSARStep=0.02;    // Step
input double InpSARMaximum=0.2;  // Maximum
//---- buffers
double       ExtSARBuffer[];
//--- global variables
double       ExtSarStep;
double       ExtSarMaximum;
int          ExtLastReverse;
bool         ExtDirectionLong;
double       ExtLastStep,ExtLastEP,ExtLastSAR;
double       ExtLastHigh,ExtLastLow;
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Custom indicator initialization function                         |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void OnInit()
  {
//--- checking input data
   if(InpSARStep<0.0)
     {
      ExtSarStep=0.02;
      Print("Input parametr InpSARStep has incorrect value. Indicator will use value ",
            ExtSarStep," for calculations.");
     }
   else
      ExtSarStep=InpSARStep;
   if(InpSARMaximum<0.0)
     {
      ExtSarMaximum=0.2;
      Print("Input parametr InpSARMaximum has incorrect value. Indicator will use value ",
            ExtSarMaximum," for calculations.");
     }
   else
      ExtSarMaximum=InpSARMaximum;
//--- drawing settings
   IndicatorDigits(Digits);
   SetIndexStyle(0,DRAW_ARROW);
   SetIndexArrow(0,159);
//---- indicator buffers
   SetIndexBuffer(0,ExtSARBuffer);
//--- set short name
   IndicatorShortName("SAR("+DoubleToString(ExtSarStep,2)+","+DoubleToString(ExtSarMaximum,2)+")");
//--- set global variables
   ExtLastReverse=0;
   ExtDirectionLong=false;
   ExtLastStep=ExtLastEP=ExtLastSAR=0.0;
   ExtLastHigh=ExtLastLow=0.0;
//----
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//| Parabolic SAR                                                    |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
int OnCalculate(const int rates_total,
                const int prev_calculated,
                const datetime &time[],
                const double &open[],
                const double &high[],
                const double &low[],
                const double &close[],
                const long& tick_volume[],
                const long& volume[],
                const int& spread[])
  {
   bool   dir_long;
   double last_high,last_low,ep,sar,step;
   int    i;
//--- check for minimum rates count
   if(rates_total<3)
      return(0);
//--- counting from 0 to rates_total
   ArraySetAsSeries(ExtSARBuffer,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(high,false);
   ArraySetAsSeries(low,false);
//--- detect current position for calculations 
   i=prev_calculated-1;
//--- calculations from start?
   if(i<1)
     {
      ExtLastReverse=0;
      dir_long=true;
      step=ExtSarStep;
      last_high=-10000000.0;
      last_low=10000000.0;
      sar=0;
      i=1;
      while(i<rates_total-1)
        {
         ExtLastReverse=i;
         if(last_low>low[i])
            last_low=low[i];
         if(last_high<high[i])
            last_high=high[i];
         if(high[i]>high[i-1] && low[i]>low[i-1])
            break;
         if(high[i]<high[i-1] && low[i]<low[i-1])
           {
            dir_long=false;
            break;
           }
         i++;
        }
      //--- initialize with zero
      ArrayInitialize(ExtSARBuffer,0.0);
      //--- go check
      if(dir_long)
        {
         ExtSARBuffer[i]=low[i-1];
         ep=high[i];
        }
      else
        {
         ExtSARBuffer[i]=high[i-1];
         ep=low[i];
        }
      i++;
     }
   else
     {
      //--- calculations to be continued. restore last values
      i=ExtLastReverse;
      step=ExtLastStep;
      dir_long=ExtDirectionLong;
      last_high=ExtLastHigh;
      last_low=ExtLastLow;
      ep=ExtLastEP;
      sar=ExtLastSAR;
     }
//---main cycle
   while(i<rates_total)
     {
      //--- check for reverse
      if(dir_long && low[i]<ExtSARBuffer[i-1])
        {
         SaveLastReverse(i,true,step,low[i],last_high,ep,sar);
         step=ExtSarStep;
         dir_long=false;
         ep=low[i];
         last_low=low[i];
         ExtSARBuffer[i++]=last_high;
         continue;
        }
      if(!dir_long && high[i]>ExtSARBuffer[i-1])
        {
         SaveLastReverse(i,false,step,last_low,high[i],ep,sar);
         step=ExtSarStep;
         dir_long=true;
         ep=high[i];
         last_high=high[i];
         ExtSARBuffer[i++]=last_low;
         continue;
        }
      //---
      sar=ExtSARBuffer[i-1]+step*(ep-ExtSARBuffer[i-1]);
      //--- LONG?
      if(dir_long)
        {
         if(ep<high[i])
           {
            if((step+ExtSarStep)<=ExtSarMaximum)
               step+=ExtSarStep;
           }
         if(high[i]<high[i-1] && i==2)
            sar=ExtSARBuffer[i-1];
         if(sar>low[i-1])
            sar=low[i-1];
         if(sar>low[i-2])
            sar=low[i-2];
         if(sar>low[i])
           {
            SaveLastReverse(i,true,step,low[i],last_high,ep,sar);
            step=ExtSarStep; dir_long=false; ep=low[i];
            last_low=low[i];
            ExtSARBuffer[i++]=last_high;
            continue;
           }
         if(ep<high[i])
            ep=last_high=high[i];
        }
      else // SHORT
        {
         if(ep>low[i])
           {
            if((step+ExtSarStep)<=ExtSarMaximum)
               step+=ExtSarStep;
           }
         if(low[i]<low[i-1] && i==2)
            sar=ExtSARBuffer[i-1];
         if(sar<high[i-1])
            sar=high[i-1];
         if(sar<high[i-2])
            sar=high[i-2];
         if(sar<high[i])
           {
            SaveLastReverse(i,false,step,last_low,high[i],ep,sar);
            step=ExtSarStep;
            dir_long=true;
            ep=high[i];
            last_high=high[i];
            ExtSARBuffer[i++]=last_low;
            continue;
           }
         if(ep>low[i])
            ep=last_low=low[i];
        }
      ExtSARBuffer[i++]=sar;
     }
//---- OnCalculate done. Return new prev_calculated.
   return(rates_total);
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
//|  save last values to continue further calculations               |
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
void SaveLastReverse(int reverse,bool dir,double step,double last_low,double last_high,double ep,double sar)
  {
   ExtLastReverse=reverse;
   if(ExtLastReverse<2)
      ExtLastReverse=2;
   ExtDirectionLong=dir;
   ExtLastStep=step;
   ExtLastLow=last_low;
   ExtLastHigh=last_high;
   ExtLastEP=ep;
   ExtLastSAR=sar;
  }
//+------------------------------------------------------------------+
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