What we expect from the ECB to announce on 8 December?
1- The ‘stock effect’: QE extended by 9 months, from March 2017 to December 2017.
We think our views are close to the market consensus on this dimension.
Ultimately, we expect bond purchases to continue to the end of 2018. It
is difficult to gauge what expectations are for this distant horizon
and we doubt the ECB will pre-commit at this stage. We expect the
existing language of "or beyond, if necessary", and "in any case until
the Governing Council sees a sustained adjustment in the path of
inflation consistent with its inflation aim" to be preserved.
2- The ‘flow effect’: the
monthly purchases of government bonds to remain close to the current
run-rate of EUR60bn, at least into the first half of 2017. As
reported further below, the reinvestment of maturing government bonds
really kicks in from 2018 and beyond, on our estimates, reaching
EUR75-100bn per annum by 2021-22. Technical information on how the
re-investments of the principal will be conducted may also be provided
3- Scarcity constraints: The
ECB could introduce several changes to the parameters that guide QE –
each of which has a different implication for scarcity and the relative
pricing of EMU bonds. According to the available polls, the
majority of market participants expect the ECB to resort to buying bonds
yielding below the deposit rate (which, as we reported last Friday,
would double the eligible amount of German bonds and substantially
reduce the scarcity problem), and absorbing a larger share (i.e., up to
50%) of non-CAC securities. We are instead of the view that departing
from the current allocation of sovereign purchases according to the
ECB's capital key will likely have to do the heavy lifting to address
scarcity. Given the political sensitivity of such an approach, we think
it will be implemented below the radar as a technical operational
adjustment rather than with great fanfare. Ours, as we understand it, is
a minority view in the mark.