United States Consumer Price Index (CPI) m/m

Country:
United States
USD, US dollar
Sector:
Prices
Medium 0.1% 0.2%
0.2%
Last release Importance Actual Forecast
Previous
0.2%
0.1%
Next release Actual Forecast
Previous
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  • History
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Consumer Price Index (CPI) m/m shows changes in average prices for a consumer basket of goods and services in the given month compared to the previous one. The index shows how prices change from the consumer perspective. In other words, it allows estimating changes in the cost of living.

Goods and services included in the CPI calculation basket are divided into eight main groups: food and beverages, housing, clothing, transportation, medical care, recreation, education and communications, other goods and services. In turn, these eight groups are divided into more than 200 categories, which include about 80,000 titles. The index calculation does not include income taxes and investment items (stocks, bonds, insurance policies). Unlike the producer price index, prices for imported goods and excise prices are included in calculation.

Prices for goods and services, based on which the index is calculated, are collected from a monthly survey of approximately 23,000 trade and service companies. The sample is revised from time to time. Also, thousands of families across the country are interviewed. Weights of calculation elements are regularly reviewed. The indicator is calculated in comparison with benchmark prices as of 1982.

The CPI calculation takes into account spendings of urban residents, such as specialists, self-employed citizens, unemployed, officials, pensioners. Farmers, rural population, military personnel and individuals in prisons and psychiatric hospitals are not included in calculation.

The Consumer Price Index is often used for evaluating inflation. CPI growth indicates an increase in inflation.

The index is used for the adjustment of wages and social payments. Also, CPI is used for adjusting the income tax structure and in the calculation of real GDP.

CPI growth is seen as positive for dollar quotes.

Last values:

actual data

forecast

The chart of the entire available history of the "United States Consumer Price Index (CPI) m/m" macroeconomic indicator. The dashed line shows the forecast values ​​of the economic indicator for the specified dates.

A significant deviation of a real value from a forecast one may cause a short-term strengthening or weakening of a national currency in the Forex market. The threshold values ​​of the indicators signaling the approach of the critical state of the national (local) economy occupy a special place.

Date (GMT)
Reference
Actual
Forecast
Previous
Sep 2018
0.1%
0.2%
0.2%
Aug 2018
0.2%
0.1%
0.2%
Jul 2018
0.2%
0.0%
0.1%
Jun 2018
0.1%
0.0%
0.2%
May 2018
0.2%
0.0%
0.2%
Apr 2018
0.2%
0.0%
-0.1%
Mar 2018
-0.1%
0.1%
0.2%
Feb 2018
0.2%
0.1%
0.5%
Jan 2018
0.5%
0.1%
0.2%
Dec 2017
0.1%
0.2%
0.4%
Nov 2017
0.4%
0.2%
0.1%
Oct 2017
0.1%
0.1%
0.5%
Sep 2017
0.5%
0.1%
0.4%
Aug 2017
0.4%
0.0%
0.1%
Jul 2017
0.1%
-0.1%
0.0%
Jun 2017
0.0%
-0.2%
-0.1%
May 2017
-0.1%
0.0%
0.2%
Apr 2017
0.2%
-0.1%
-0.3%
Mar 2017
-0.3%
0.1%
Feb 2017
0.1%
0.6%
Jan 2017
0.6%
0.3%
Dec 2016
0.3%
0.2%
Nov 2016
0.2%
0.4%
Oct 2016
0.4%
0.3%
Sep 2016
0.3%
0.2%
Aug 2016
0.2%
0.0%
Jul 2016
0.0%
0.2%
Jun 2016
0.2%
0.2%
May 2016
0.2%
0.4%
Apr 2016
0.4%
0.1%
Mar 2016
0.1%
-0.2%
Feb 2016
-0.2%
0.0%
Jan 2016
0.0%
-0.1%
Dec 2015
-0.1%
0.0%
Nov 2015
0.0%
0.2%
Oct 2015
0.2%
-0.2%
Sep 2015
-0.2%
-0.1%
Aug 2015
-0.1%
0.1%
Jul 2015
0.1%
0.3%
Jun 2015
0.3%
0.4%
May 2015
0.4%
0.1%
Apr 2015
0.1%
0.2%
Mar 2015
0.2%
0.2%
Feb 2015
0.2%
-0.7%
Jan 2015
-0.7%
-0.4%
Dec 2014
-0.4%
-0.3%
Nov 2014
-0.3%
0.0%
Oct 2014
0.0%
0.1%
Sep 2014
0.1%
-0.2%
Aug 2014
-0.2%
0.1%

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